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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

1. 12. Guthormr sindri, Hákonardrápa, 1 [Vol. 1, 157]

[7] Giljaðar ‘of Giljaðr <= Óðinn>’: Giljaðar and Gyljaðar are both hap. leg. in gen. sg. and both could denote Óðinn. Giljaðr would be an agentive from gilja ‘to seduce, beguile, entice’ (Fritzner: gilja; SnH Lv 8II; ÞjóðA Lv 8II), hence ‘seducer’, etc. This would be congruent with the god’s behaviour toward women, e.g. Gunnlǫð, daughter of Suttungr (Hávm 105-10), and with the Óðinn-heiti Glapsviðr ‘strong at enticement, seduction’ (so LP: Glapsviðr, and see Note to Þul Óðins 3/3III). Gyljaðr could be an agentive from a verb *gylja ‘blow’ (?) or ‘howl’ (cf. AEW: Gyljaðr and Gyljandi), which might be comparable with another Óðinn-heiti, Viðrir, which associates the god with winds and storms (cf. AEW: Viðrir). Óðinn-heiti also occur in l. 6 (Jalfaðar) and st. 5/7 (Sveigðir).


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