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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hallar-Steinn (HSt)

12th century; volume 1; ed. Rolf Stavnem;

1. Rekstefja (Rst) - 35

Skj info: Hallar-Steinn, Islandsk skjald, 12. årh. (AI, 543-53, BI, 525-35).

Skj poems:
1. Rekstefja
2. a. Af et digt om en kvinde
2. b. Af et digt om Skáldhelgi(?)

Nothing is known about this skald (HSt) except what can be deduced from his nickname, which has been identified with the farm-name Höll, in Þverárhlíð, Mýrasýsla, western Iceland (Finnur Jónsson 1907, 185), and from the poetry attributed to him. His main extant work is the drápa Rekstefja (HSt Rst), whose ambitious praise of Óláfr Tryggvason might well point to Iceland at the end of the twelfth century or somewhat later (see Skj, and Introduction to the poem below). Hallar-Steinn has been identified (e.g. by Wisén 1886-9, I, 143) with the eleventh-century poet Steinn Herdísarson (SteinnII), but this is implausible. HSt Frag 1, of uncertain origin but probably attributable to this poet, may also commemorate Óláfr Tryggvason, while HSt Frag 2-5III represent a love-lorn poet. These fragments are preserved only in treatises on poetics and grammar, and are therefore edited in SkP III, as are two further fragments, HSt Frag 6-7III.

Rekstefja (‘Split-refrain’) — HSt RstI

Rolf Stavnem 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hallar-Steinn, Rekstefja’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 893.

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Skj: Hallar-Steinn: 1. Rekstefja (AI, 543-52, BI, 525-34); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5

in texts: Flat, ÓT

SkP info: I, 893

notes: incomplete; Lots of verses in ÓT

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-ligr (adj.) ‘-ly...’lig 19/2

-veldr (adj.) ‘[forged]...’vellds 32/3

-þegi (noun m.) ‘[heir, tainers]...’þega 32/8

(non-lexical) (unclassified)* 2/6, * 23/6, †fryðr† 6/6, Eng 4/6, jartegnir 31/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 7/8, 29/8, 33/2

al- ((prefix)) ‘very...’al 3/7

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 22/7

aldrspell (noun n.) ‘[life-destruction]...’aldrspelli 4/8

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 2/7, all 13/7

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 33/5, allra 5/1, allra 31/1, ǫll 3/1, ǫllu 11/8, ǫllu 14/8, ǫllu 17/8, ǫllu 20/8, ǫllu 23/8

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’aðrar 24/5, annan 32/3, 27/1, annat 18/2, ǫðrum 26/8

arfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘heir, heiress...’ — 3/7

arfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(Frost— 215¹²); -ar] ‘inheritance...’arf 32/8

askr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ash, ash-tree, ash-ship...’aska 22/3

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/2, 11/8, 14/8, 16/6, 17/8, 18/2, 20/8, 21/4, 23/8, 25/8, 32/7

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 26/2

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 16/2, 19/6, 24/2, 27/4

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ 30/7, 4/6, 8/4, 14/4, 22/4, 30/6, 33/6

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 7/7

1ár (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. u/-; -ar/-ir(LandslBorg 151b²¹)] ‘oar...’árar 15/5, ôrum 25/8

1árr (noun m.) [°dat. ár; ǽrir/árar, acc. áru] ‘messenger...’ærir 18/1

átta (num. cardinal) ‘eight...’ — 15/1

Baldr (noun m.) ‘[Baldr, Baldur]...’ — 1/7, 7/3, 25/5

band (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘band, bond...’b*ands 7/1

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’bǫrð 3/2

bál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fire...’báls 34/3

beimi (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man...’beima 1/8

2beita (verb) [°-tt-] ‘beat, tack...’ — 15/3

2ben (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 21/5

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’bǫrðusk 21/5

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’beztu 33/3

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 9/4, bað 22/2

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’ — 7/7

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’beit 6/7, beit 17/6, beit 20/5

bjarg (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mountain, cliff...’ — 27/4

1bjarga (verb) [°bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹‡); barg, burgu; borginn] ‘to save, preserve...’barg 28/7

Bjarni (noun m.) ‘Bjǫrn, Bjarni...’ — 34/8

bjartr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’bjartar 31/2

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’bauð 33/2

2bjóðr (noun m.) ‘inviter...’ — 2/3, 15/1, bjóðs 24/7, bjóðs 29/3

1blakkr (noun m.) ‘horse...’blǫkkum 16/7

blik (noun n.) ‘gleam...’ — 2/5

blíkja (verb) ‘gleam, glisten...’ — 14/6

blóðigr (adj.) [°blóðgan/blóðugan (f. dat. sg. bloðre Gulᴵ 82³⁴)] ‘bloody...’Blóðugr 4/5

blót (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sacrifice...’ — 9/3

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 29/8, borða 18/3, borðs 29/4

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’borgir 5/3

ból (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘dwelling...’bóls 33/8

bót (noun f.) [°-ar; bǿtr] ‘compensation...’bótir 30/2

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’bragningi 33/4, bragnings 4/5

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 29/7, brandi 6/5, 4/6, 17/2

brattr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘steep...’bratta 28/4

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’ — 5/7, brátt 2/6

2brenna (verb) [°brennr/brenn; brann, brunnu; brunninn] ‘(strong, intransitive)...’ — 9/3

3brenna (verb) [(weak, transitive)] ‘to burn (weak, intr.)...’brenndar 6/4

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’brustu 23/1

1brigða (adv.) ‘extremely...’ — 2/5

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’ — 5/2

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’bryn 21/6

brýnn (adj.) [°compar. brýnni, superl. brýnstr/brýnastr] ‘ready, swift...’ — 15/4

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjó 14/2

búinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘equipped with...’búnum 7/4

byggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘dwelling, settlement...’byggðir 6/1

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’byr 33/3, 15/3

býr (noun m.) [°býjar/bjár/bjór/bjárs, dat. -; gen. býa/bjá, dat. bjóm/bjám, acc. býi/býa/bjá] ‘dwelling, down...’ 8/4

bœta (verb) [°-tt-] ‘better, emend, compensate...’bœtti 11/7

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Danir 20/4

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’ — 18/5

dáð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘feat, deed...’ — 29/1, dáða 25/7, dáða 31/1, dáðir 2/3, dáðir 24/5

dála (adv.) ‘completely...’ — 8/6

dimmr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘dark...’dimmt 31/4

dolg (noun n.) ‘battle, enemy...’ — 29/2

dómr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dóms 5/8

drápa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘poem with refrains...’drôpu 34/7, drôpu 35/4

dreki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘dragon, dragon-ship...’Drekinn 23/4

2drekka (verb) [°drekkr; drakk, drukku; drukkinn/drykkinn] ‘drink...’drakk 13/4

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’dreng 28/8

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 20/3

1drífa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘snow-storm...’drífu 17/1

1drótt (noun f.) ‘troop...’ — 18/6, 20/3, dróttir* 8/2

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttins 31/7

dvergr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘dwarf...’dverg 31/3

dyggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘virtue...’dyggðar 31/8

dyggr (adj.) [°dyggvan/dyggan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr/-str] ‘trustworthy...’dyggs 34/2, 3/7

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’dyn 22/6

dýrð (noun f.) [°-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir] ‘glory...’dýrðar 29/1, dýrðar 31/3

dýrligr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-(a)st-] ‘glorious, precious...’dýrligri 30/4

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýran 18/5

dœma (verb) [°-mð-] ‘judge...’ — 24/2

dǫglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’dǫglinga 16/4, 31/7, dǫglingum 20/6

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 30/8, eðr 27/8

2efna (verb) [°-fnd-] ‘fulfil...’efnda 4/4

efri (adj. comp.) [°superl. efstr/øfstr (eft- [$1653$] 13r²³, etc.)] ‘higher, highest...’efsta 15/2

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 10/7, eggja 20/1

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’átti 2/6

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 10/7, 35/1

einkar (adv.) ‘extremely...’ — 13/7, 21/1, 35/1

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’eina 30/7, eina 34/4

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 22/6

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 24/6, 35/2, 35/8, mér 1/2

2ekki (adv.) ‘not...’ — 12/6

Ekkill (noun m.) ‘Ekkill...’Ekkils 16/7

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’eld 32/3, eld 27/7, elda 7/3, elds 23/5, elds 32/5

eljun (noun f.) [°eljunar] ‘energy...’ — 33/6

ella (adv.) ‘otherwise...’ — 22/5

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 12/6, 17/6, 19/1, 35/8

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 6/4, 21/2, 28/6

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 23/6

1engill (noun m.) [°engils; englar] ‘angel...’englum 31/7

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 7/7, 23/6

enskr (adj.) ‘English...’enskra 4/7

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ept 28/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 2/6, es 32/2, þeims 1/8

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’Eyjar 11/4

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’eyðask 23/3

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 6/3, éla 2/7, éla 11/1, éla 16/3

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’fǫður 4/4

fagna (verb) [°-að-] ‘welcome, rejoice...’fagni 33/4

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fegri 31/5

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fell 18/7, fellu 4/3, fellu 14/3

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 12/6, 35/2

fákr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘horse...’fôkum 3/6

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’færi 25/2

feigr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/ri] ‘fated to die, fey, dead...’feiga 6/8

3fella (verb) ‘fell, kill...’ — 22/2

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ferðir 19/7

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 9/1

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 21/2

fimmtán (num. cardinal) ‘fifteen...’Fimtán 16/5

fimmti (num. ordinal) ‘fifth...’fimta 31/4

fimr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘agile, deft...’ — 33/6

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundinn 35/6

fíkinn (adj.) ‘greedy...’ — 14/6

fíkula (adv.) ‘greedily, powerfully...’ — 6/4

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’ — 27/5

fjarri (adv.) ‘far, far from it, unlikely...’ — 14/7

fjórði (num. ordinal) ‘fourth...’fjorðu 29/4

fjǫrnir (noun m.) ‘helmet...’fjǫrnis 16/5

flaust (noun n.) ‘ship...’flausta 18/4

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’flein 25/7

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’ — 24/8, flestra 25/7

fleygjandi (noun m.) ‘flinger...’fleygjendr 16/6

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fló 17/6

flokkr (noun m.) ‘group, flock...’flokka 34/4

2flóð (noun n.) ‘flood...’fl*óðs 24/1

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’flýði 7/5, flýðu 17/7

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldar 2/1, foldar 27/7

fóstr (noun n.) ‘foster-...’ — 2/2

frami (noun m.) ‘success...’frama 32/4

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’fremstr 1/8, fremstr 11/8, fremstr 14/8, fremstr 17/8, fremstr 20/8, fremstr 23/8

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 27/8

frár (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -vastr/-str] ‘agile, quick...’ — 25/8

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 4/8, frák 10/4, frák 26/2, frák 28/1, frôgum 29/5

fremð (noun f.) ‘honour...’fremðar 10/6

fremja (verb) ‘advance, perform...’framði 25/4, framði 26/7

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’ — 6/3

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’ — 16/2

fríðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘beautiful, fair...’ — 4/2, 7/2, fríðri 30/8, fríðum 1/6

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 7/1

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 13/5

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’frœknu 4/1

fullsnart (adv.) ‘[most swiftly]...’ — 4/1

fúss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager, willing...’ — 31/8

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’ — 9/1

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 29/8

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýst* 32/6, fýsumk 24/6

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’fœri 7/1

fœrr (adj.) ‘capable...’fœrri 26/8

1gagn (noun n.) ‘victory...’ — 35/8

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 27/4, 28/1, gekk 2/4, gekk 20/2, gekk 25/8, gekk 28/8, gengu 8/4

gangr (noun m.) ‘going, walking; course; success...’ — 19/4

Garðar (noun m.) ‘Russia...’Gǫrðum 2/2, Gǫrðum 3/2

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’ — 30/3

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gaf 12/2

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 22/6, geira 24/8

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerðisk 19/3, gerðisk 30/5, gerðu 17/1

geymir (noun m.) ‘guardian, keeper...’geymi 32/5

geysitíðr (adj.) ‘[much talked-about]...’geysitíðar 24/7

1gjalda (verb) ‘pay, repay...’galt 8/6

gjalla (verb) ‘to scream, shriek; to repay, return, pay...’gall 4/3, gall 4/6, gall 17/2, gullu 18/7

gjarn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager...’ — 34/8

2glaðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cheerful, glad...’ — 13/4

glóð (noun f.) ‘ember...’ — 12/1

gnapa (verb) ‘bend forward, tower...’gnǫpðu 14/5

gnaust (noun n.) ‘[noise]...’ — 18/4

1gnípa (noun f.) ‘peak...’gnípu 28/4

gnótt (noun f.) ‘abundance...’ — 1/1

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 24/7, gný 25/3

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’ — 9/4

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’Goð 30/5, góða 9/6

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 3/4, gram 16/6, gram 33/8, 19/3, 25/4, grams 26/6

gránn (adj.) ‘grey...’grôn 30/6

gráp (noun n.) ‘hail...’gráps 34/7

grár (adj.) [°gráan/grán] ‘grey...’ — 17/1

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimmt 18/3

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 11/5

grœðir (noun m.) ‘?healer, ?ocean...’grœðis 13/3

Grœnaveldi (noun n.) ‘[Greenland]...’ — 11/3

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’goð 33/4

gullmildr (adj.) ‘[gold-generous]...’gollmildr 11/3

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 14/6, gunn 32/5

1gylla (verb) ‘gild...’gylld 13/3

gylltr (adj.) ‘gilded...’Gyllt 14/5

gætir (noun m.) ‘guardian...’gætis 19/5

Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘[Gǫndul, Göndul]...’Gǫndlar 11/4, Gǫndlar 18/3

2Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘Gǫndul...’Gǫndlar 25/3

1gǫndull (noun m.) ‘battle...’gǫndlar 32/6

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 12/1

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hafði 28/5, hafi 35/8, hefk 24/4

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’haldit 7/4

Hallfreðr (noun m.) ‘Hallfreðr...’ — 34/5

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamri 26/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 9/8, 11/6, 12/8, 15/8, 18/8, 21/8, 28/2, hans 10/4, hans 20/7, hans 27/6, hans 32/7, hônum 30/6, þá 2/2

happ (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘fortune, luck...’hǫppum 10/3

harða (adv.) ‘very...’ — 8/1, 24/3

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’Harð 29/5

1harri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘lord...’harra 18/5

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’Hauk 8/1

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’haus 26/3

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’Hôtt 27/5, hæst 2/4

1háttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. hætti; hættir, acc. háttu] ‘behaviour, measure, verse-form...’hôtt 8/2, hôttr 35/5, hôttu 11/7

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’ — 1/4

hefnd (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘revenge...’hefnd 4/4

hegja (noun f.) ‘[condition, events]...’heg*ju 23/7

heiðinn (adj.) ‘heathen...’heiðin 9/4, 7/5

heiftargjarn (adj.) ‘vengeance-eager...’heiptargjǫrnum 21/7

2heill (noun n.) [°; -] ‘fortune...’heilli 33/3

heiman (adv.) ‘from home...’ — 7/5

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heimi 33/2, heims 15/4

herðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’herði 32/1

2herja (verb) ‘harry, ravage...’herjat 3/6

hernaðr (noun m.) ‘raiding campaign...’hernað 5/4

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 3/3, her 9/7, her 14/7, Her 26/5, Her 34/1, 17/5, 18/5, 19/5, 35/7

hér (adv.) ‘here...’hérs 24/2

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’Hilding 28/1, 7/6, 23/2, hildings 3/4, hildings 10/3, hildings 12/7

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 11/7, 12/1, 15/7, hilmis 23/7

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himnum 33/6

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’ — 13/2, 15/7, 18/7, 26/4, 32/7

hitta (verb) ‘meet, encounter...’hitti 16/1

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’ — 12/2

hjaltr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘Shetlander...’Hjalta 11/5

hjarl (noun n.) ‘land...’hjarli 7/8

hjarta (noun n.) [°-; *-u] ‘heart...’ — 4/1

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫr 34/7, Hjǫr* 24/1, 4/3, hjǫrva 26/5

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 23/1

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’hljóðs 1/2

hljómr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘sound...’hljóm 5/6

hlutr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘part, thing...’hlut 8/8

2hlýr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cheek, bow...’ — 14/5

hníga (verb) ‘sink, fall...’hné 18/6, hné 20/3, hnig 24/3

hnykkja (verb) ‘pull violently...’hnykki 24/1, hnykki 34/3

hollr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘loyal...’Hollr 20/8, Hollr 23/8, Hollr 17/8, 5/3, 11/8, 14/8

horn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘horn...’ — 13/3

hors (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘[linen]...’Hǫrs 1/1

hóp (noun n.) ‘[company, bay]...’ps 35/4

2hót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘a bit...’hóti 24/8

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’hrafnar 18/7

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 20/1

2hreinn (adj.) [°compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr] ‘pure...’hreins 34/4

1hrinda (verb) ‘launch, propell...’ — 29/5

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’Hring 32/1, hringi 26/3, hrings 12/3

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 17/7, hríðar 29/3

hríðǫflugr (adj.) ‘[in onslaught]...’hríðǫflgum 34/6

hróðigr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 9/6

hróðr (noun m.) ‘encomium, praise...’hróðrar 34/8, hróðri 35/3

Hrund (noun f.) ‘Runde, Hrund, valkyrie...’hrunda 1/1

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’hrygg 32/8

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 5/5, 17/4

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’hrannir 14/3

hugðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘agreeable, courageous...’hugða 34/7

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 34/2

húfr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘hull...’ — 14/3

2húnn (noun m.) [°; húnar/húnir, acc. húni] ‘young...’Húns 13/1

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’ — 9/3, 13/6, húsi 31/8

hvar (adv.) ‘where...’ — 32/2

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’Hvasst 23/1, hvasst 28/1

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’hvat 29/6

hvárki (conj.) ‘neither...’ — 27/5

hvárr (pron.) ‘who, which, what, whether...’ — 26/6

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverja 13/1, hverju 5/5

hvessir (noun m.) ‘[inciter, whetting]...’hvessi 14/4

hvél (noun n.) [°; -] ‘wheel...’hvéls 1/3

hví (adv.) ‘why...’ — 34/1

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvítra 25/5

hyrningr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘hyrningr...’ — 21/7

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’Hyr 25/5, hyr 35/3

2hœfa (verb) ‘hit, suit, befit...’hœfðisk 20/7, hœfði 12/7

1hǫfn (noun f.) [°hafnar; hafnir(/hafnar(Streng 234³²)] ‘haven, harbour...’hǫfnum 14/7

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hǫlða 9/7, hǫlðar 4/3, hǫlðar 17/7

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’Hand 11/5, hand 25/6, hand 34/3, hendi 28/3, hendi 28/6

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hǫrða 34/5

hǫrgr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘cairn, shrine...’hǫrga 9/2

hǫrr (noun m.) ‘linen...’hǫrvi 35/7

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illri 8/5

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 29/4, ina 35/2, 15/6, 19/4, 22/4, it 31/4

inna (verb) ‘to pay, discharge, relate, tell; to anno...’ — 29/2

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/2, 5/8, 22/6, 26/6, 27/4, 28/4, 31/4, 31/8

íð (noun f.) ‘task...’ — 24/5

írar (noun m.) ‘Irishmen...’Íra 6/1

Ísland (noun n.) ‘[Iceland, ice-land]...’ — 11/1

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 11/2, 21/1, 33/8

íþrótt (noun f.) ‘skill, accomplishment...’íþróttir 25/4

jafn (adj.) [°comp. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘even, just...’ — 30/8

jafnan (adv.) ‘always...’ — 17/4

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 7/8, 21/1

jóð (noun n.) ‘child, offspring...’jóðs 8/1

jóti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘one of the Jótar...’Jóta 19/7

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 5/1, jǫfri 30/5, jǫfurs 19/2

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarða 30/3

karl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘(old) man...’kǫrlum 13/6

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kenndi 9/5

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindir 3/5, kindum 9/7

kjóll (noun m.) ‘ship...’kjóla 6/3

klífa (verb) ‘climb...’ — 27/6

kljúfa (verb) ‘cleave...’klauf 3/8

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 5/6, knôttu 13/1

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’knúði 15/5

knǫrr (noun m.) [°knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri] ‘(a kind of) ship...’knǫrru 12/5

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 9/8, konung 12/8, konung 15/8, konung 18/8, konung 21/8, konungs 13/2, konungs 26/4

2kristna (verb) ‘to convert to Christianity...’kristnaði 10/2, kristnat 11/2

Kristr (noun m.) [°-s/-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘Christ...’ — 33/2

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kann 23/6, kunni 8/7

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kveðk 1/2, kveðum 34/1

kvæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poem...’kvæða 35/7

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 6/5, landi 4/6, lǫnd 3/5, lǫnd 10/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 19/4, langa 22/4, langi 15/6, langi 23/4

laukr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘leek, mast...’lauka 22/1

lauss (adj.) [°compar. lausari] ‘loose, free, without...’laust 5/2, laust 6/1, laust 33/5

lágr (adj.) [°comp. lǽgri, superl. lǽgstr] ‘low...’lága 35/1

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’ — 9/3, lét 3/6, lét 4/2, lét 6/2, lét 7/4, lét 14/6, lét 21/5, lézk 26/6

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lǫgðu 18/1

3leika (verb) ‘play...’lék 25/6

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 23/6

lengra (adv.) ‘longer, further...’ — 28/8

leyfa (verb) ‘permit; praise...’leyfðr 28/5

1leygr (noun m.) ‘flame...’leygs 29/5

linni (noun m.) ‘serpent...’Linna 18/2

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’linna 1/5, linns 5/5, linns 14/1, linns 25/3

list (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘skill, art, virtue...’lista 11/2

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 27/6

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’ — 16/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítil 10/7

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’ljósum 26/3

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 1/6

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’lund* 29/7, lunda 34/3, 9/7

1lúka (verb) ‘end, close...’lokit 24/4

lyfting (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u, acc. -] ‘after-deck...’lyptingu 23/2

lyndr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘minded...’lyndum 29/6

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýða 4/7

2lýsa (verb) ‘illuminate, show...’ — 24/6, lýstak 32/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manna 2/4, manna 9/8, manna 11/6, manna 12/8, manna 15/8, manna 18/8, manna 21/8, manna 27/1, manni 28/2, manns 21/3, manns 26/3, meðr 26/4, menn 13/2, menn 26/2, mǫnnum 10/5

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’margra 30/3, mart 26/5, mart 34/1, mǫrg 3/3, mǫrg 9/2, mǫrg 18/6, mǫrgu 14/1

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’mána 16/5

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 31/6, 33/8

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’mátti 27/5, mætti 22/5

megna (verb) ‘strengthen...’megnum 31/3

meiða (verb) ‘maim, wound...’ — 9/4

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meiðar 32/1, 14/4, meiðum 24/1

mein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘harm, injury...’ — 30/3

meinilla (adv.) ‘[very badly]...’ — 20/2

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’mestan 5/4

meldr (noun m.) ‘flour...’meldrar 13/3

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 10/6, 29/1, merkis 19/2

miðja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘the middle...’miðju 27/8

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikit 30/4, miklum 2/5

mildi (noun f.) ‘generosity, mercy...’ — 12/7

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’ — 9/1, mildum 1/7, mildum 3/4, mildum 13/7

minnigr (adj.) [°compar. minngari, superl. -astr/minngastr] ‘mindful...’minnigs 29/2

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’ — 14/1, morði 32/7

1móðr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-] ‘courage...’móð 14/2

1mót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘meeting...’móts 10/7

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 23/3, munk 35/5

mynni (noun n.) [°-s; gen. -a] ‘mouth...’ — 15/4

2myrkr (adj.) [°-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr] ‘dark, murky...’Myrkt 20/1

mækir (noun m.) ‘sword...’mækis 20/1

mæringr (noun m.) ‘famous one...’Mærings 10/5

nafni (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘namesake...’nafnar 17/4

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nam 5/2, nam 6/6

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 7/6

3niðr (adv.) ‘down...’ — 27/8

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’Njǫrðr 35/3

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 7/2, Nóregs 11/6, Nóregs 19/5

norrœnn (adj.) ‘[Norwegian]...’norrœnar 8/2

nótt (noun f.) ‘night...’ — 13/1

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 24/6

nýtr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr] ‘useful, able...’ — 19/5

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 19/6

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odd 4/7, 6/7

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 24/2, 34/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’of 6/6, of 8/6, 8/3

oflinnr (noun m.) ‘[mighty snake]...’oflinn 22/7

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 3/8, 5/2, 9/2, 10/2, 11/4, 11/8, 12/2, 12/4, 14/8, 15/2, 17/8, 20/8, 23/8, 25/8, 28/8, 30/6, 34/4, 34/8

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 19/7

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’Orm 19/4, Orm 22/4, Ormi 21/4, Ormi 29/8, 15/5

ódeigr (adj.) ‘[unblunt]...’ — 6/8

1óðr (noun m.) ‘poem...’óði 1/2

óðríkr (adj.) ‘[mighty]...’óð*ríkr 32/4

ókvíðinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘unworried, fearless...’ — 6/2, 27/2

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Óláfr 33/7, 2/8, 3/8, 5/1, 8/6, 10/8, 13/8, 16/8, 19/8, 22/8, Óláfs 7/7

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 3/2, 15/4, 23/2

óráð (noun n.) ‘[misdeeds]...’ — 8/5

ótti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘fear...’ótt 5/2

peita (noun f.) ‘spear...’ — 17/6

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’prúð 15/7, 35/7, prúðs 19/7, prútt 2/7, prútt 28/2

prýða (verb) ‘adorn...’prýddum 31/6

raun (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘ordeal, proof, experience...’ — 16/1

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 28/3

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ — 5/7, réð 2/6, réð 27/2, réð 28/2

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’regn* 31/3, regns 8/3

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rak 5/4

rekstefja (noun f.) ‘split-refrain...’Rekstefju 1/4

remmi- ((prefix)) ‘forceful, strong...’remmi 22/1

1renna (noun f.) [°-u] ‘[rush]...’rennu 1/3

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’renndu 16/6, runnu 3/1

3renna (verb) ‘let run (weak)...’renndi 20/5, renndi 21/2

2reyr (noun n.) ‘reed...’reyrs 24/3

rimma (noun f.) [°-u] ‘battle...’rimmu 19/3

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’reið 19/1

rífa (verb) ‘tear...’reif 17/1

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 10/4

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ — 12/2, ríkstr 9/8, ríkstr 12/8, ríkstr 15/8, ríkstr 18/8, ríkstr 21/8

ríp (noun f.) ‘[crag]...’ — 28/4

rít (noun f.) ‘shield...’ — 16/2

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 16/3

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’rjóð 4/7, 25/7, 31/1

rofna (verb) ‘broken...’ — 26/1

róg (noun n.) [°-s] ‘strife, slander...’ — 22/2

róma (noun f.) ‘battle...’rómu 5/8

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’runn* 1/5, runna 25/3, 2/5, 8/7, 14/7, 27/7, runns 30/2, runnum 23/5, runnum 32/5

2ryðja (verb) ‘to clear (free) land...’ — 6/6

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 16/1, 28/3

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’Rand 22/1, rand 1/3, randa 17/2

2sannr (adj.) [°-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘true...’sann 9/6

2sax (noun n.) [°-; *-] ‘sword, prow...’sǫxum 25/6

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þann 32/2, þat 28/6, þeim 2/6, þeim 8/3, þeim 33/2, þær 25/2

2 (verb) ‘sow...’sáði 12/1

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 2/4

seðja (verb) ‘satisfy, satiate...’sǫddusk 6/7

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’seg*ja 23/7

seinn (adj.) [°seinan; compar. seinni, superl. seinstr/seinastr] ‘slow, late...’seint 23/3

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 11/6, 32/6

senn (adv.) ‘at once...’ — 3/1, 16/4, 25/1, sjónfagr 30/7

sextigi (num. cardinal) ‘[sixty]...’sextigum 18/4

siðvandr (adj.) ‘[devout]...’ — 9/5

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’ — 28/7, sigri 5/7, sigri 17/5

sigrgjarn (adj.) ‘[victory-willing]...’ — 31/5

2sinn (noun n.) [°?dat. -] ‘time...’ — 15/2, 18/2, 31/4

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’ — 28/8, síns 4/4, sínu 7/8, sínum 13/6

2sinni (noun n.) [°-s;] ‘time, occasion; company, following...’ — 5/5, 14/1, 21/3

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 3/1, 4/2, 6/2, 7/2, 9/5, 23/3, 27/2, 30/8

sík (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fish, ?channel...’síks 22/1

sjaldan (adv.) ‘seldom...’sjald 35/6

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sénn 31/6

skaði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘harm, damage...’skaða 30/2

skarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, bitter...’skǫrpum 6/5

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’skeiðum 14/4, skeiðum 15/1

skelfir (noun m.) ‘terrifier...’skelfi 29/3

sker (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘skerry...’ — 7/3

1skikkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘cloak...’skikkju 30/4, skikkjur 12/4

skinn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘skin, fur, leather...’ — 30/6

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipa 2/8, skipum 21/2

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíðs 21/6

skjóta (verb) ‘shoot...’skaut 19/3, skaut 23/1

2skjótr (adj.) ‘quick(ly)...’skjótt 16/1

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjald 6/6, skjald 7/4, skjalda 25/5, skjaldar 1/5, skjǫldu 12/2

skoltr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘[foreheads]...’skoltar 14/5

skotr (noun m.) ‘Scot...’Skot 6/5, Skota 6/8

2skóð (noun n.) ‘harmer, scathe...’skóðs 32/1

skríða (verb) ‘creep, glide...’skreið 15/5

2skrýða (verb) ‘adorn, clothe...’skrýddr 31/6

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skalk 1/6, skalk 29/2

skunda (verb) ‘hasten...’skunduðu 20/4

skyndir (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘hastener...’ — 10/1, 11/1

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’Ský 1/5, 29/3

1skýra (verb) ‘explain, interpret...’skýrisk 10/5

Skǫgul (noun f.) ‘Skǫgul...’Skǫglar 7/3, Skǫglar 20/6, Skǫglar 29/4

slag (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘weapon...’slǫg 17/2

sléttr (adj.) ‘level, smooth...’sléttum 1/1

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíkan 8/8, 35/5, slíkum 10/4, slíkum 32/4

slœmr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘conclusion...’slœm 24/2

smíða (verb) ‘craft...’ — 1/6, smíðat 34/6

1snarla (adv.) ‘quickly...’ — 21/1

snekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘warship...’snekkju 3/2

snyrtir (noun m.) ‘polisher...’ — 26/5

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’son 34/2

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 5/7, 23/4

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’sólar 10/8, 16/3, sólar 13/8, sólar 16/8, sólar 19/8, sólar 22/8, sólar 33/8, sólu 31/5

2spara (verb) ‘spare, withhold...’sparðit 30/1

2spenna (verb) ‘span, surround...’ — 13/2

2spjall (noun n.) [°; -*] ‘destruction, loss...’Spell 30/1

spjót (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘spear...’ — 30/2

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’stafns 26/1

starr (adj.) ‘[stiff]...’starran 24/3

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 27/3, stôl 19/1, stôlum 3/8

stef (noun n.) [°; -] ‘refrain...’stefjum 24/4

steina (verb) ‘to stain, colour, paint...’steinda 12/5

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’sterk 19/2

stétt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘path...’ — 12/3

stikk (noun n.) ‘cloak-pin (?), poem...’stikka 12/4

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 32/3, stilli 34/5, 12/6, 26/7, 28/7, 30/1

stirðr (adj.) ‘stiff...’stirðra 29/7

1stígr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-u] ‘path...’ — 27/3

stofn (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘pole, tree-stump...’stofnum 12/3

stormr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘storm...’storms 21/4, storms 29/8

2stóli (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[fleet]...’ — 2/8

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stœrra 26/8, stœrri 22/3

stórráðr (adj.) ‘ambitious...’ — 12/5

strangr (adj.) ‘strong...’ — 22/4, 23/4, 27/4, strǫngum 33/1

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 30/7

stundum (adv.) ‘at times, sometimes...’ — 35/6

2styrkr (adj.) ‘powerful, strong...’styrk 29/1

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 29/7, 22/3

styrremðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[battle-mighty]...’ — 26/7

stýra (verb) ‘steer, control...’stýrði 15/7

stœra (verb) ‘increase, strengthen...’stœrða 35/3

stǫng (noun f.) [°stangar, dat. -u; stangir/stengr] ‘pole...’ — 19/1

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 28/7, 35/5

sveigir (noun m.) ‘brandisher...’sveigi 27/3

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’Sveini 20/2

1svella (verb) ‘swell...’sollin 17/3, svall 14/3

svellir (noun m.) ‘increaser, sweller ...’ — 22/2

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 17/6

svipr (noun m.) ‘swinging, violent...’svip 30/7

1svíða (verb) ‘cause pain, burn...’ — 21/6

Svǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Svǫlnir...’Svǫlnis 5/8, Svǫlnis 16/3

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sungu 19/1

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 18/6

1sæla (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘bliss...’sælu 33/7

sœnskr (adj.) ‘Swedish...’ — 17/5

særa (verb) ‘wound...’ — 19/6

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tekk 1/4

tandr (noun m.) ‘[flame]...’ — 20/5

targaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘equipped with shields ...’tǫrguð 3/3

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’telk 25/2

tiggi (noun m.) [°-ja] ‘king...’ — 20/5, tiggja 25/1

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 7/2

tjald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘tent, awning...’tjalds 33/3

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’téði 13/5

trauðr (adj.) ‘reluctant...’ — 19/6

trollmarr (noun m.) ‘[troll-woman steed]...’ — 17/3

trú (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘faith, belief...’ — 9/6

Tryggvi (noun m.) ‘Tryggvi...’Tryggva 3/7, Tryggva 32/8, Tryggva 34/2

trýni (noun n.) ‘snout...’ — 17/3

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’tveim 20/6, 17/4, Tvær 25/1

tvenni (adj.) ‘[two]...’tvenni 10/2

tvennr (adj.) ‘two...’tvenna 26/2

tvískelfðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[tvískelft]...’tvískelfða 35/4

uggr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘fear...’Ugg 6/1

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ulfar 6/7

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 6/3

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 19/4

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 3/4, 10/8, 13/8, 16/8, 19/8, 22/8, 28/6

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 20/4

2unnr (noun f.) ‘wave...’Unn 23/5

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 27/8

úti (adv.) ‘out, outdoors, out at sea, abroad...’ — 14/2

valda (verb) ‘cause...’ — 4/8, 10/3

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 13/7

2valr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘falcon...’Val 26/1

vanda (verb) ‘fashion, execute...’vandak 8/3

vandla (adv.) ‘completely, skilfully...’ — 25/6

vandr (adj.) ‘difficult...’ — 28/3, vands 24/5

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vang 15/6

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’varg 5/3

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’óx 17/7

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’vôpn 12/4

vátta (verb) ‘affirm, attest...’ — 35/5

váttandi (noun m.) ‘[witness]...’ — 5/6

veðja (verb) ‘[bet]...’ — 26/4

vefr (noun m.) [°-jar; -ir] ‘cloth, sail, weaving...’ — 30/5

vegmildr (adj.) ‘[honour-generous]...’ — 2/1

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 10/8, veg 13/8, veg 16/8, veg 19/8, veg 22/8

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitti 12/3

velja (verb) ‘choose...’ — 8/7, 13/5

vell (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 2/3

1ver (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -jum/-um] ‘sea...’ — 3/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 25/2, vas 32/7, vas 9/8, vas 12/8, vas 15/8, vas 18/8, vas 21/8, vas 27/6, vas 28/6, vas 31/6, vasa 16/2, vasa 19/6

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 1/8, varð 15/3, varð 18/3, varð 27/3, verðr 35/6

verk (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deed...’verka 10/6

1vestr (noun n.) [°-s/-] ‘[western]...’ — 3/5

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 5/4

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 17/2

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viðum 21/6

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 7/6, vildi 9/1

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’Vinða 5/3

1vinna (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘achievement, deed...’vinnur 25/1

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 2/4, vann 11/2, vann 30/1, vann 31/2, vann 34/6, 22/7

virðr (noun m.) ‘man...’virða 3/5

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitk 25/2, viti 32/2, viti 26/2

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 8/1

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’Víð 13/5, víðrar 2/1

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 8/7

víkingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘viking...’víkingum 8/8

vín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wine...’ — 13/6

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’ — 13/4

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’vísar 2/3, víst 11/5

vættki (noun n.) [°vettugis/vettergis, dat. vettugi] ‘nothing...’vætki 26/1

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’ — 2/2

vǫrn (noun f.) [°varnar; varnir] ‘defence...’ — 20/7

2yggr (adj.) ‘[a doubt]...’Ygg 33/5

yppa (verb) ‘extol, lift up...’yppi 23/5

yrkja (verb) ‘compose...’ortu 34/1

ýtir (noun m.) ‘giver...’ýti 16/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýtar 21/5

þaðra (adv.) ‘there...’ — 13/4

þagna (verb) ‘be silent...’ — 35/8

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 7/6, 24/4

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 18/6

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 4/2, 28/5, 33/1, þengils 8/4

þeyr (noun m.) [°; -jar/-ir] ‘breeze, thawing wind...’þey*s 11/4

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’þiggi 33/5

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þing 1/7

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 10/1, þjóðar 4/5, þjóðu 8/5

þollr (noun m.) ‘fir-tree...’þoll 28/7

þora (verb) ‘dare...’þorði 15/3

Þórkell (noun m.) ‘[Þorkell]...’Þorkatli 29/6

Þrándr (noun m.) ‘[Trønde]...’Þránd 15/4

þreifa (verb) ‘feel with hand...’þreifsk 22/3

þrek (noun n.) ‘courage, strength...’ — 21/3, 28/5

þrem (noun f.) ‘[swords]...’þremja 10/1

þremjar (noun f.) ‘parts of a sword?...’þremja 21/4

þrennr (adj.) ‘three(fold)...’þrenn 10/2, þrenna 16/4, þrinnum 15/2

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’þriðja 21/3, þriðju 35/2

þrjóta (verb) [str. 2; þrýtr, þraut, þrutu, þrotinn] ‘end, fail...’þrotit 27/6

þróttr (noun m.) ‘strength, might, valour...’þróttar 33/1

2Þróttr (noun m.) ‘Þróttr...’Þróttar 1/7, Þróttar 2/7

þrútinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘swollen...’þrútin 20/3, 14/2

Þundr (noun m.) ‘Þundr...’Þund 8/3, Þundi 1/3

1þverra (verb) ‘diminish...’þorrinn 17/5

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’œzta 33/7

ættstórr (adj.) ‘[high-born]...’ — 22/5

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ǫðlings 27/1

ǫln (noun f.) [°alnar; alnar/alnir] ‘mackerel...’ǫlna 15/6, ǫlna 27/7

ǫndurr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘front, onset...’ǫndrum 7/1

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ — 15/1, 31/1

ǫrbragð (noun n.) ‘[arrow-flight]...’Ǫrbragðs 18/1

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