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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

7. Anonymous Poems, Heilagra meyja drápa, 3 [Vol. 7, 893-4]

[3] settiz ‘was established’: Kock’s argument (NN §3389B) that setja is here used in the meaning ‘establish’ or ‘found’ is followed; Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates settiz as ‘became’ and renders the phrase þvíað sólin riettlætis settiz ‘because she [Máría] became the sun of justice’. This interpretation is highly unlikely, as the periphrasis sól riettlætis almost certainly translates Lat. sol justiciae both here and in Árni Gd 13/2IV, where it is used of God; cf. also Geisl 4/4 sunna réttlætis ‘sun of justice’ (Lat. sol justitiae), also of God. Here the reference is more plausibly to Christ incarnate in the Virgin.


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