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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

7. Runhenda (Run) - 10

Skj info: Einarr Skúlason, Islandsk skjald, 12. årh. (AI, 455-85, BI, 423-57).

Skj poems:
1. Sigurðardrápa
2. Haraldsdrápa I
3. Haraldsdrápa II
4. Haraldssonakvæði(?)
5. Sigurðardrápa
6. Geisli
7. Runhenda
8. Eysteinsdrápa
9. Ingadrápa
10. Elfarvísur
11. Lausavísur
11. Lausavísur
11. Øxarflokkr(?)
12. Ubestemmelige vers, tilhørende forskellige fyrstedigte eller lausavísur

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Runhenda (‘’) — ESk RunII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-9.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda, o. 1155 (AI, 473-5, BI, 445-7)

in texts: H-Hr, Hkr, HSona, Mork, Skm, SnE

SkP info: II, 551-9

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 1 [Vol. 2, 551-2] — ESk Run 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Jǫfurr fýstisk austr
ǫrlyndr ok hraustr.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 1 (AI, 473; BI, 445); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: Mork; texts: Mork 254
 
2 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 2 [Vol. 2, 552] — ESk Run 2II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Víkverjum galt
(varð þannig halt)
gǫrræði gramr,
gjafmildr ok framr;
flest folk varð hrætt,
áðr fengi sætt,
en gísla tók
sás gjǫldin jók.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 2 (AI, 473; BI, 445-6); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: H-Hr 341, HSona 9, Mork 255
 
3 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 3 [Vol. 2, 553] — ESk Run 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Vann siklingr sótt
við snarpa drótt
(leyfð's lýðum bær)
Leikbergi nær;
Renir flýðu ríkt,
ok reiddi slíkt,
ǫld festi auð,
sem ǫðlingr bauð.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 3 (AI, 473; BI, 446); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: H-Hr 342, HSona 10, Mork 256
 
4 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 4 [Vol. 2, 553-4] — ESk Run 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Funi kyndisk fljótt,
en flýði skjótt
Hísingar herr,
sás hafði verr.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 4 (AI, 473; BI, 446); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: A, B, C, R, Tx, U; texts: Skm 381
 
5 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 5 [Vol. 2, 554-5] — ESk Run 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Frétt hefk, at fell
(folks brustu svell),
jǫfurr eyddi frið,
Apardjónar lið.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 5 (AI, 473-4; BI, 446); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: H-Hr 344, HSona 12, Mork 258
 
6 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 6 [Vol. 2, 555] — ESk Run 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Beit buðlungs hjǫrr,
blóð fell á dǫrr,
hirð fylgðisk holl,
við Hjartapoll;
hugin gladdi heit,
hruðusk Engla beit
(óx vitnis vín)
valbasta Rín.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 6 (AI, 474; BI, 446); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, A, B, C, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork, R, Tx, U; texts: H-Hr 345, HSona 13, Mork 259, Skm 408
 
7 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 7 [Vol. 2, 556] — ESk Run 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Jók hilmir hjaldr,
þar vas hjǫrva galdr
(hjósk hildar ský)
við Hvítabý;
ríkt lék við rǫnn
(rauzk ylgjar tǫnn)
feksk fyrðum harmr,
fyriskógar garmr.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 7 (AI, 474; BI, 446); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, C, E, F, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork, R, Tx; texts: H-Hr 346, HSona 14, Mork 260, SnE 0
 
8 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 8 [Vol. 2, 556-7] — ESk Run 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Drap dǫglingr gegn,
dreif strengjar regn,
við Skǫrpusker
skjaldkœnan her;
rauf styrjar garð,
þás støkkva varð,
randǫlun sótt,
reiðmanna gnótt.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 8 (AI, 474; BI, 447); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: H-Hr 347, HSona 15, Mork 261
 
9 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 9 [Vol. 2, 557-8] — ESk Run 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Rauð siklingr sverð,
sleit gylðis ferð
prúð Parta lík,
í Pílavík;
vann vísi alt,
fyr vestan salt
brandr gall við brún,
brent Langatún.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 9 (AI, 474-5; BI, 447); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, E, F, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: H-Hr 348, HSona 16, Mork 262
 
10 Vol. 2. Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda, 10 [Vol. 2, 558-9] — ESk Run 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skark súðum sund
fyr sunnan Hrund,
mín prýddisk mund
við mildings fund.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 10 (AI, 475; BI, 447); runhent; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 744x, A, B, C, R, Tx; texts: Skm 371
 
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