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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson (Arn)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Diana Whaley;

3. Magnússdrápa (Magndr) - 19

Skj info: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 332-54, BI, 305-27).

Skj poems:
1. Rǫgnvaldsdrápa
2. Hrynhenda, Magnúsdrápa
3. Magnúsdrápa
4. Et digt om Hermundr Illugason
5. Þórfinnsdrápa
6. Erfidrápa om kong Harald hårdråde
7. Vers af ubestemmelige digte, samt én lausavísa

Arnórr jarlaskáld ‘Jarls’-poet’ came from Hítarnes in western Iceland, the son of the prosperous farmer and poet Þórðr Kolbeinsson (ÞKolbI, born 974) and Oddný eykyndill ‘Island-candle’ Þorkelsdóttir, who was the subject of the long-running personal and poetic rivalry between Þórðr and Bjǫrn Hítdœlakappi (BjhítV) which is commemorated in Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa. According to that saga chronology, Arnórr would have been born c. 1011/12, and he features as a boy in ch. 23 of the saga, and in ch. 60 of Grettis saga. He went abroad, probably in his early twenties, for he is named in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267) among the skalds of King Knútr inn ríki (Cnut the Great) (d. 1035). From the evidence of the memorial poems Rǫgnvaldsdrápa (Arn Rǫgndr), especially st. 2, and Þorfinnsdrápa (Arn Þorfdr), especially sts 3, 4 (cf. Lv 1), he spent several years in the Orkney Islands as poet and intimate of the jarls Rǫgnvaldr (d. c. 1045) and Þorfinnr (d. c. 1065). It is to this that his nickname refers. Arnórr was in Norway during the brief joint rule of Magnús Óláfsson and Haraldr Sigurðarson (c. 1045-6), and his performance of Hrynhenda (Arn Hryn) for Magnús and Blágagladrápa ‘The drápa of Dark Geese (= Ravens (?))’ for Haraldr is the subject of a spirited anecdote (Mork 1928-32, 116-18, Flat 1860-8, III, 321-3, Fms 6, 195-8; referred to below as ‘the Mork anecdote’). The later part of Arnórr’s career is obscure, but there is a second, memorial poem for Magnús, Magnússdrápa (Arn Magndr), and his composition of a Haraldsdrápa (Arn Hardr) in memory of Haraldr (d. 1066) suggests continuing links of some kind with Norway, though he also composed about Icelanders: a fragmentarily preserved poem for Hermundr Illugason (d. c. 1055; Arn HermIII) and a poem for Gellir Þorkelsson (d. 1073) of which Arn Frag 1III might be a remnant. For further outlines of Arnórr’s life and works, see Hollander 1945, 177-83; Turville-Petre 1968, 5-10, 1976, 93-4; Whaley 1998, 41-7.

The majority of Arnórr’s surviving oeuvre takes the form of memorial encomia (erfidrápur) for rulers of Norway or Orkney in the dróttkvætt metre: ten ll. only of Rǫgndr and longer fragments of Magnússdrápa (Magndr), Þorfdr and Hardr. His greatest contribution to the development of skaldic poetry, however, is his authorship of the first known encomium in the hrynhent metre: the Hrynhenda which, since it apostrophises Magnús góði, must predate the memorial Magndr. Arn Frag 1III is in the same metre but probably unconnected (see above). It is possible that Arn Frag 4III is in praise of Knútr inn ríki and the non-royal dedicatees of Herm and Frag 1 have been mentioned above. Arnórr also appears in one recension of Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 262) as a poet of Óláfr kyrri ‘the Quiet’ Haraldsson (d. 1093), and the pres. tense praise of Arn Frag 3III could have been addressed to him, or alternatively to Haraldr in Blágagladrápa. Only one st., Arn Lv 1, seems clearly to be a lv.; it was spoken during a civil conflict in the Orkneys. Herm and the eight other Fragments are printed in SkP III since they are preserved in SnE and LaufE and cannot be certainly assigned to any of the poems in the present volume.

The principal eds consulted in the course of editing Arnórr’s poetry for SkP are listed for each st., and are of two main types: eds of the skaldic corpus (Finnur Jónsson’s in Skj AI, 332-54, BI, 305-27, BI, and E. A. Kock’s in Skald I, 155-65, supported by numerous NN) and eds of the various prose works in which the poetry is preserved. Extracts are also included in anthologies, articles and other works including (with ten or more sts): Munch and Unger 1847, 119-20; CPB II, 184-98; Wisén 1886-9, I, 44-6, 141-2, 199-200 (Hryn only); Kock and Meissner 1931, I, 48-53; Hollander 1945,177-88 (annotated translations only, mainly Hryn); and (with five sts): Turville-Petre 1976, 93-7. Other works containing comment on the poetry are cited as appropriate in the Notes.

files
file 2006-01-11 - Arnórr Þ reconstructions
file 2007-07-04 - Arnórr mss ordering

Magnússdrápa (‘Drápa about Magnús’) — Arn MagndrII

Diana Whaley 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 206-29.

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Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa (AI, 338-43, BI, 311-15); stanzas (if different): 13 | 14

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, LaufE, MGóð, MH, ÓH, Skm, SnE

SkP info: II, 206-29

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Kx - 494r/7-494r/14 (VEÞ)
Nu hycc rioðanda reiþo | róg ꜹrs þviat veitc gerva | þegi seimbrotar segia | seɢiom hneitis eɢia | vara xi allra | ormsetrs hati vetra | hrꜹstr þa er herscip glæsti | horða vinr or gorðum |
F - 37ra/24-37ra/28 (VEÞ)
Nv hyɢ rioðanda reðo róg ꜹrs þvi | at veít gerva þegi seím brotar se | gía seɢiom hneitis eɢía · varat | ellifo allra orm setrs hati vettra hrꜹstr þa er herskip glǽsti | horða vinr or gorðom·
Holm2 - 73r/13-73r/15 (VEÞ)
Nu hyc rioþanda reiþu rogꜹrs þvi at veit gorva þe | gi seimbrota segia seɢiom hneitis eɢia . Varat ellifu allra ormsetrs hati vetra hrꜹstr | þa er herscip glęsti hǫrþa vinr or gǫrþum.
61 - 129va/17-129va/20 (VEÞ)
Nu hyck riodanda r | ędu rang aurs þui ath veit gio᷎rva þeygi seim briotur seggia segg | ium hneitis eggiar var ath ellifu allra orm seturs hati vetra austur þ | a ær her skip geystuz horda vinr o᷎r gaurdum 
2. Kx - 494r/17-494r/24 (VEÞ)
Þing bꜹð ut hiɴ ungi | eɢrioðandi þioðo | fim bar hirð til hꜹmlo | hervæðr ara bræðis | salt scar hv́fi helltum | hrꜹstr þioðkonungr ꜹstan | baro brimlogs ryri | brimveðr at Sigtunom |
F - 37ra/30-37ra/33 (VEÞ)
Þíng bꜹð v́t híɴ vngí eɢ rioðaɴdi þioðom fímm bar | hirð i homlur hervæðr ara bræðis · sallt skar hv́fi | helltvm hrꜹstr þioð konungr ꜹstan báro brim logs ryri brv́n veðr | at sigtvnom·
Holm2 - 73r/16-73r/18 (VEÞ)
Þing bꜹþ ut iɴ ungi eɢrioþandi þioþum fim bar hirð til hǫmlo hervędr ara | bręþis . sallt scar hufi helltum hrꜹstr þióþ konungr ꜹstan baru brimlog⸌s⸍ ryri brun veðr at | sigtunum.
61 - 129va/21-129va/24 (VEÞ)
Þinngs baud vth hinn vnngi e | gg riodandi þiodum fimt bar hrid til homlo hervędr ꜳra bręd | is sallt skar humi helltum hraustur þiod konungr austan bꜳru brim | logs ryri brun vedr ath sig tunum;
A - 13r/24-13r/26 (VEÞ)
Sallt | skar hvfi hǽlltvm hrꜹ́str þioðkonvngr ꜹstan bara⸌v⸍ brimlogs rýri brvn væðr at | sigtvnvm .
5. Kx - 506r/19-506r/26 (VEÞ)
Afkárlig varþ jarla | orðgnótt su er ⸌h⸍lꜹt drottin | fylgðe efnd þvi er ylgiar | angr tælir reð mæla | ok fram i gny grimmum | grafnings und kló rafni | fus letz falla ræsir | feigr eða danmorc eiga. |
F - 39ra/19-39ra/21 (VEÞ)
Afkarlig varþ iarla orð gnótt sv er hlꜹ́t drottíɴ fylgði efnd | þvi er ylgíar angr tælír reð mǽla · at fram i gny grímmom | grapníngs vnd klo hrafní fv́s letz falla ræsir feígr eða dan ⸝mork eíga·⸜ |
6. F - 39ra/38-39rb/2 (VEÞ)
Segia mvn ek | hve sygna snarfengían bar þeɴgil hallr ok hrí | mi sollíɴ hle borðz visvndr norðan · setti bioðr at breí || ðo brynþíngs fetil stínga fvs tok olld v æsi iotlandi gramr | branda·
J2x - 247v/3-247v/10 (TW)
Segia
H - 6r/7-6r/9 (TW)
Segía
Hr - 7ra/23-7ra/26 (TW)
Segia
Flat - 190va/32-190va/35 (TW)
Segía
9. Kx - 512v/12-512v/15 (VEÞ)
Fv́s let a ræ ræsir | ramm þing hátt glamma | valsca rꜹð fyrir viðo | vestlandi gramr branda |
F - 40rb/29-40rb/30 (VEÞ)
Fv́s let a ré ræsír | rámn þings haít gamma valska rꜹð fyrir vest landi gramr ⸝branda·⸜
10. Kx - 511r/28-511v/6 (VEÞ)
Oð með ꜹxi breiða | odǫsin fram ræsir || varð um hilmi hǫrða | hiordynr eɴ varp brynio | þa er um scapt eɴ scipti | scapvǫrðr himins jorðu | hel klꜹf hꜹsa fꜹlva | hendr tvær jofurs spendo |
F - 40ra/25-40ra/29 (VEÞ)
Oð m oxí breíða | odæsínn fram ræsír varþ vm hílmí horða hiordynr ok varp | brynío · þa er of skapt eɴ skípti skap vꜹrðr hímíns | iorðo hel klꜹf hausa faulua hendr tuø̨r iofuʀ spen | di ·
Holm2 - 74v/39-75r/1 (VEÞ)
Oð m eyxi breiþa ódęsiɴ fram ræsir varð of hilmi hǫrþa hiordynr ok varp | brynio . þar er um scapt en scipti scap vǫrðr himins iorðu hel clꜹf hꜹsa || fꜹlfa hendr tvær iofurr speɴdi.
321x - 285/21-285/24 (VEÞ)
od med auxi breida. odæsinn framm ræsir. vard | um hilmi haurda. hior dynr ok varp bryniu. þat er um skapt | enn skipti. skapvaurdr himins jordo. hel klaup hausa folva | hendr tvær jofr spendi.
61 - 130vb/31-130vb/34 (VEÞ)
Ód med auxsi breida ꝏ dęsinn fram ręsir | uard vnd hilmi hordan hio᷎r dynnr ok uarp bryniu þa ær um skapt | enn skeptir skap uord himins iordu henndr tueimr Jofur spann | di 
12. Kx - 516v/18-516v/25 (VEÞ)
Vitt hefi ec heyrt at heiti | helga nes þar er elgi | vágs hiɴ viða frǫgi | vargteitir rꜹð marga | rǫckur ǫndurt bað randir | reɢbus saman leɢia | rógs scyia helt rygiar | regni hꜹst nótt gegnum |
F - 41ra/33-41ra/37 (VEÞ)
Uítt | hefi ek heyrt at héti helga nes þar er elgí vags híɴ | viða frægi varg teítir rꜹð marga · reyckr ondvrt bað raɴ | dir reɢ bv́s saman leɢía rogskyia hellt rygíar regní | hꜹst nótt gegnom·
A - 10v/23-10v/25 (VEÞ)
Rø̨kr | ǫndvert bað ranðir regg bvss saman læggia rog skyia hællt rygiar regni | hꜹstnótt gegnvm .
14. Kx - 517r/20-517r/23 (VEÞ)
Sceiðr toc biarnar broðor | ballr scanungum allar | þioð reri þeirar tiðar | þingat gramr með hringom |
17. Kx - 518v/14-518v/21 (VEÞ)
Svic reð eigi ecko | allvaldr dꜹnom giallda | let fullhugaðr falla | falstr byɢva liþ tiɢi | hloð eɴ hála toðo | hirð menn ara grenni | ꜹðar þorn fyrir ǫrno | ungr valkꜹsto þunga |
F - 41va/7-41va/10 (VEÞ)
Svik reð eigi af eklo allvalldr dꜹnom giall | da lét fvll hvgaðr falla falstr byɢva liþ tíɢí · hloð | eɴ hala tiaðo hirþ menn ara greɴi ꜹþar þorn fyrir orno vngr | val kꜹsto þvnga·
A - 10v/31-10v/32 (VEÞ)
Hloð ænn hála tæðv hirðmenn ara grenni aldar þo | rn fyrir ǫrnv vngr valkǫstv þvnga ,̈
18. Kx - 518v/25-519r/3 (VEÞ)
Eɴ rꜹð frán a fíoni | folld sotti gram drottar | rans gallt herr fra hanom | hringsercs litaðr merki | miɴiz ꜹld hveʀ annaʀ || jafnþarfr blám hrafni | ert gat hilmir hiarta | herscyldir tǫg fyldi |
F - 41va/11-41va/14 (VEÞ)
Eɴ rꜹð frán | a fíoní fram sottí gramr drottar ráns gallt herr fra hánom | hringserks litvðr merki · miɴiz olld hverr aɴaʀ iafn | þarfr blám hrafní ꜹrt gat hilmir hiarta her skylldir tꜹg ⸝fylldí·⸜ |
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