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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous (Anon)

Beowulf (Beowulf) - 450

not in Skj

prose works

Beowulf

Not published: do not cite ()

non-skaldic stanzas:  1-3   4-7a   7b-11   12-9   20-5   26-37   38-42   43-6   47-52   53-8   59-63   64-73   74-9   80-5   86-98   99-110   111-4   115-7   118-25   126-37   138-43   144-63   164-7   168-74   175-88   189-93   194-201   202-4   205-9   210-6   217-28   229-33   234-43   244-57   258-61   262-6   267-9   270-85   286-9   290-2   293-300   301-11   312-9   320-31   332-7   338-9   340-3   344-7   348-55   356-9   360-7   368-70   371-6   377-85   386-9   390-4   395-8   399-401   402-4   405-14   415-32   433-41   442-51   452-5   456-62   463-72   473-9   480-8   489-90   491-8   499-512   513-24   525-8   529-33   534-8   539-43   544-8   549-58   559-61   562-73   574-89   590-606   607-10   611-9   620-30   631-8   639-41   642-51   652-7   658-68   669-70   671-4   675-80   681-7   688-90   691-709   710-3   714-9   720-7   728-38   739-49   750-4   755-7   758-61   762-6   767-70   771-7   778-90   791-7   798-808   809-36   837-46   847-9   850-2   853-61   862-3   864-92   893-7   898-915   916-24   925-31   932-50   951-6   957-62   963-79   980-90   991-6   997-1010   1011-9   1020-2   1023-6   1027-9   1030-4   1035-42   1043-5   1046-9   1050-8   1059-62   1063-70   1071-5   1076-94   1095-106   1107-9   1110-3   1114-24   1125-45   1146-53   1154-68   1169-74   1175-91   1192-6   1197-201   1202-9   1210-1   1212-4   1215-20   1221-7   1228-31   1232-8   1239-41   1242-50   1251-68   1269-78   1279-87   1288-91   1292-5   1296-301   1302-9   1310-5   1316-20   1321-9   1330-44   1345-64   1365-7   1368-72   1373-9   1380-2   1383-5   1386-9   1390-1   1392-4   1395-6   1397-8   1399-407   1408-21   1422-4   1425-36   1437-54   1455-64   1465-72   1473-9   1480-3   1484-7   1488-91   1492-6   1497-500   1501-17   1518-28   1529-36   1537-40   1541-4   1545-9   1550-3   1554-6   1557-62   1563-9   1570-90   1591-9   1600-11   1612-7   1618-22   1623-5   1626-8   1629-31   1632-43   1644-6   1647-50   1651-4   1655-8   1659-64   1665-70   1671-6   1677-86   1687-93   1694-9   1700-15   1716-27   1728-34   1735-44   1745-52   1753-7   1758-68   1769-73   1774-81   1782-4   1785-6   1787-98   1799-806   1807-12   1813-6   1817-21   1822-5   1826-35   1836-9   1840-3   1844-54   1855-65   1866-9   1870-83   1884-7   1888-95   1896-9   1900-4   1905-13   1914-9   1920-4   1925-43   1944-62   1963-76   1977-98   1999-2013   2014-9   2020-31   2032-5   2036-40   2041-6   2047-52   2053-6   2057-62   2063-6   2067-75   2076-80   2081-8   2089-92   2093-100   2101-4   2105-14   2115-23   2124-8   2129-30   2131-4   2135-43   2144-51   2152-4   2155-62   2163-71   2172-6   2177-89   2190-207   2208-20   2221-43   2244-54   2255-66   2267-77   2278-86   2287-90   2291-303   2304-11   2312-5   2316-20   2321-3   2324-32   2333-6   2337-44   2345-62   2363-6   2367-72   2373-90   2391-6   2397-400   2401-5   2406-16   2417-24   2425-7   2428-34   2435-40   2441-3   2444-54   2455-9   2460-7   2468-71   2472-8   2479-83   2484-9   2490-509   2510-5   2516-28   2529-37   2538-41   2542-9   2550-3   2554-8   2559-65   2566-8   2569-92   2593-5   2596-601   2602-5   2606-19   2620-7   2628-30   2631-52   2653-60   2661-8   2669-87   2688-93   2694-6   2697-705   2706-19   2720-3   2724-7   2728-47   2748-51   2752-5   2756-66   2767-72   2773-82   2783-7   2788-98   2799-801   2802-8   2809-16   2817-20   2821-31   2832-5   2836-54   2855-9   2860-3   2864-72   2873-6   2877-83   2884-91   2892-9   2900-21   2922-7   2928-35   2936-45   2946-8   2949-60   2961-70   2971-6   2977-81   2982-4   2985-8   2989-98   2999-3027   3028-32   3033-7   3038-46   3047-57   3058-65   3066-75   3076-8   3079-86   3087-100   3101-9   3110-9   3120-5   3126-33   3134-6   3137-42   3143-55   3156-62   3163-8   3169-77   3178-82 

The poetry here is not included in the skaldic edition but derives from other published editions.

1-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 1] — Beowulf 1-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hwæt, we Gar-Dena in geardagum,
þeodcyninga þrym gefrunon,
hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
[Prol.] Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. [Prol.]

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hwæt! We Gardena | in geardagum,
þeodcyninga, | þrym gefrunon,
hu ða æþelingas | ellen fremedon.
Oft Scyld Scefing | sceaþena þreatum,
monegum mægþum, | meodosetla ofteah,
egsode eorlas. | Syððan ærest wearð
feasceaft funden, | he þæs frofre gebad,
weox under wolcnum, | weorðmyndum þah,
oðþæt him æghwylc | þara ymbsittendra
ofer hronrade | hyran scolde,
gomban gyldan. | þæt wæs god cyning!
ðæm eafera wæs | æfter cenned,
geong in geardum, | þone god sende
folce to frofre; | fyrenðearfe ongeat
þe hie ær drugon | aldorlease
lange hwile. | Him þæs liffrea,
wuldres wealdend, | woroldare forgeaf;
Beowulf wæs breme | (blæd wide sprang),
Scyldes eafera | Scedelandum in.
Swa sceal geong guma | gode gewyrcean,
fromum feohgiftum | on fæder bearme,
þæt hine on ylde | eft gewunigen
wilgesiþas, | þonne wig cume,
leode gelæsten; | lofdædum sceal
in mægþa gehwære | man geþeon.
Him ða Scyld gewat | to gescæphwile
felahror feran | on frean wære.
Hi hyne þa ætbæron | to brimes faroðe,
swæse gesiþas, | swa he selfa bæd,
þenden wordum weold | wine Scyldinga;
leof landfruma | lange ahte.
þær æt hyðe stod | hringedstefna,
isig ond utfus, | æþelinges fær.
Aledon þa | leofne þeoden,
beaga bryttan, | on bearm scipes,
mærne be mæste. | þær wæs madma fela
of feorwegum, | frætwa, gelæded;
ne hyrde ic cymlicor | ceol gegyrwan
hildewæpnum | ond heaðowædum,
billum ond byrnum; | him on bearme læg
madma mænigo, | þa him mid scoldon
on flodes æht | feor gewitan.
Nalæs hi hine læssan | lacum teodan,
þeodgestreonum, | þon þa dydon
þe hine æt frumsceafte | forð onsendon
ænne ofer yðe | umborwesende.
þa gyt hie him asetton | segen geldenne
heah ofer heafod, | leton holm beran,
geafon on garsecg; | him wæs geomor sefa,
murnende mod. | Men ne cunnon
secgan to soðe, | selerædende,
hæleð under heofenum, | hwa þæm hlæste onfeng.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
[All] Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf  (Málföng)

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X
 
4-7a Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 2] — Beowulf 4-7a

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum,
monegum mægþum meodosetla ofteah,
egsode eorlas, syððan ærest wearð
feasceaft funden.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
I Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða wæs on burgum | Beowulf Scyldinga,
leof leodcyning, | longe þrage
folcum gefræge | (fæder ellor hwearf,
aldor of earde), | oþþæt him eft onwoc
heah Healfdene; | heold þenden lifde,
gamol ond guðreouw, | glæde Scyldingas.
ðæm feower bearn | forð gerimed
in worold wocun, | weoroda ræswan,
Heorogar ond Hroðgar | ond Halga til;
hyrde ic þæt | wæs Onelan cwen,
Heaðoscilfingas | healsgebedda.
þa wæs Hroðgare | heresped gyfen,
wiges weorðmynd, | þæt him his winemagas
georne hyrdon, | oðð þæt seo geogoð geweox,
magodriht micel. | Him on mod bearn
þæt healreced | hatan wolde,
medoærn micel, | men gewyrcean
þonne yldo bearn | æfre gefrunon,
ond þær on innan | eall gedælan
geongum ond ealdum, | swylc him god sealde,
buton folcscare | ond feorum gumena.
ða ic wide gefrægn | weorc gebannan
manigre mægþe | geond þisne middangeard,
folcstede frætwan. | Him on fyrste gelomp,
ædre mid yldum, | þæt hit wearð ealgearo,
healærna mæst; | scop him Heort naman
se þe his wordes geweald | wide hæfde.
He beot ne aleh, | beagas dælde,
sinc æt symle. | Sele hlifade,
heah ond horngeap, | heaðowylma bad,
laðan liges; | ne wæs hit lenge þa gen
þæt se ecghete | aþumsweorum
æfter wælniðe | wæcnan scolde.
ða se ellengæst | earfoðlice
þrage geþolode, | se þe in þystrum bad,
þæt he dogora gehwam | dream gehyrde
hludne in healle; | þær wæs hearpan sweg,
swutol sang scopes. | Sægde se þe cuþe
frumsceaft fira | feorran reccan,
cwæð þæt se ælmihtiga | eorðan worhte,
wlitebeorhtne wang, | swa wæter bebugeð,
gesette sigehreþig | sunnan ond monan
leoman to leohte | landbuendum
ond gefrætwade | foldan sceatas
leomum ond leafum, | lif eac gesceop
cynna gehwylcum | þara ðe cwice hwyrfaþ.
Swa ða drihtguman | dreamum lifdon
eadiglice, | oððæt an ongan
fyrene fremman | feond on helle.
Wæs se grimma gæst | Grendel haten,
mære mearcstapa, | se þe moras heold,
fen ond fæsten; | fifelcynnes eard
wonsæli wer | weardode hwile,
siþðan him scyppend | forscrifen hæfde
in Caines cynne. | þone cwealm gewræc
ece drihten, | þæs þe he Abel slog;
ne gefeah he þære fæhðe, | ac he hine feor forwræc,
metod for þy mane, | mancynne fram.
þanon untydras | ealle onwocon,
eotenas ond ylfe | ond orcneas,
swylce gigantas, | þa wið gode wunnon
lange þrage; | he him ðæs lean forgeald.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
7b-11 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 3] — Beowulf 7b-11

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

He þæs frofre gebad:
weox under wolcnum, weorðmyndum þah,
oð þæt him æghwylc þara ymbsittendra
ofer hronrade hyran scolde,
gomban gyldan. Þæt wæs god cyning.

Skj: Not in Skj; (barely metrical); ed. NS; group: X
 
II Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gewat ða neosian, | syþðan niht becom,
hean huses, | hu hit Hringdene
æfter beorþege | gebun hæfdon.
Fand þa ðær inne | æþelinga gedriht
swefan æfter symble; | sorge ne cuðon,
wonsceaft wera. | Wiht unhælo,
grim ond grædig, | gearo sona wæs,
reoc ond reþe, | ond on ræste genam
þritig þegna, | þanon eft gewat
huðe hremig | to ham faran,
mid þære wælfylle | wica neosan.
ða wæs on uhtan | mid ærdæge
Grendles guðcræft | gumum undyrne;
þa wæs æfter wiste | wop up ahafen,
micel morgensweg. | Mære þeoden,
æþeling ærgod, | unbliðe sæt,
þolode ðryðswyð, | þegnsorge dreah,
syðþan hie þæs laðan | last sceawedon,
wergan gastes; | wæs þæt gewin to strang,
lað ond longsum. | Næs hit lengra fyrst,
ac ymb ane niht | eft gefremede
morðbeala mare | ond no mearn fore,
fæhðe ond fyrene; | wæs to fæst on þam.
þa wæs eaðfynde | þe him elles hwær
gerumlicor | ræste sohte,
bed æfter burum, | ða him gebeacnod wæs,
gesægd soðlice | sweotolan tacne
healðegnes hete; | heold hyne syðþan
fyr ond fæstor | se þæm feonde ætwand.
Swa rixode | ond wið rihte wan,
ana wið eallum, | oðþæt idel stod
husa selest. | Wæs seo hwil micel;
XII wintra tid | torn geþolode
wine Scyldinga, | weana gehwelcne,
sidra sorga. | Forðam secgum wearð,
ylda bearnum, | undyrne cuð,
gyddum geomore, | þætte Grendel wan
hwile wið Hroþgar, | heteniðas wæg,
fyrene ond fæhðe | fela missera,
singale sæce, | sibbe ne wolde
wið manna hwone | mægenes Deniga,
feorhbealo feorran, | fea þingian,
ne þær nænig witena | wenan þorfte
beorhtre bote | to banan folmum,
ac se æglæca | ehtende wæs,
deorc deaþscua, | duguþe ond geogoþe,
seomade ond syrede, | sinnihte heold
mistige moras; | men ne cunnon
hwyder helrunan | hwyrftum scriþað.
Swa fela fyrena | feond mancynnes,
atol angengea, | oft gefremede,
heardra hynða. | Heorot eardode,
sincfage sel | sweartum nihtum;
no he þone gifstol | gretan moste,
maþðum for metode, | ne his myne wisse.
þæt wæs wræc micel | wine Scyldinga,
modes brecða. | Monig oft gesæt
rice to rune; | ræd eahtedon
hwæt swiðferhðum | selest wære
wið færgryrum | to gefremmanne.
Hwilum hie geheton | æt hærgtrafum
wigweorþunga, | wordum bædon
þæt him gastbona | geoce gefremede
wið þeodþreaum. | Swylc wæs þeaw hyra,
hæþenra hyht; | helle gemundon
in modsefan, | metod hie ne cuþon,
dæda demend, | ne wiston hie drihten god,
ne hie huru heofena helm | herian ne cuþon,
wuldres waldend. | Wa bið þæm ðe sceal
þurh sliðne nið | sawle bescufan
in fyres fæþm, | frofre ne wenan,
wihte gewendan; | wel bið þæm þe mot
æfter deaðdæge | drihten secean
ond to fæder fæþmum | freoðo wilnian.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
12-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 4] — Beowulf 12-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ðæm eafera wæs æfter cenned
geong in geardum, þone god sende
folce to frofre; fyrenðearfe ongeat — 
þæt hie ær drugon aldorlease
lange hwile. Him þæs liffrea,
wuldres wealdend woroldare forgeaf:
Beow* wæs breme —  blæd wide sprang — 
Scyldes eafera Scedelandum in.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
III Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Swa ða mælceare | maga Healfdenes
singala seað, | ne mihte snotor hæleð
wean onwendan; | wæs þæt gewin to swyð,
laþ ond longsum, | þe on ða leode becom,
nydwracu niþgrim, | nihtbealwa mæst.
þæt fram ham gefrægn | Higelaces þegn,
god mid Geatum, | Grendles dæda;
se wæs moncynnes | mægenes strengest
on þæm dæge | þysses lifes,
æþele ond eacen. | Het him yðlidan
godne gegyrwan, | cwæð, he guðcyning
ofer swanrade | secean wolde,
mærne þeoden, | þa him wæs manna þearf.
ðone siðfæt him | snotere ceorlas
lythwon logon, | þeah he him leof wære;
hwetton higerofne, | hæl sceawedon.
Hæfde se goda | Geata leoda
cempan gecorone | þara þe he cenoste
findan mihte; | XVna sum
sundwudu sohte; | secg wisade,
lagucræftig mon, | landgemyrcu.
Fyrst forð gewat. | Flota wæs on yðum,
bat under beorge. | Beornas gearwe
on stefn stigon; | streamas wundon,
sund wið sande; | secgas bæron
on bearm nacan | beorhte frætwe,
guðsearo geatolic; | guman ut scufon,
weras on wilsið, | wudu bundenne.
Gewat þa ofer wægholm, | winde gefysed,
flota famiheals | fugle gelicost,
oðþæt ymb antid | oþres dogores
wundenstefna | gewaden hæfde
þæt ða liðende | land gesawon,
brimclifu blican, | beorgas steape,
side sænæssas; | þa wæs sund liden,
eoletes æt ende. | þanon up hraðe
Wedera leode | on wang stigon,
sæwudu sældon | (syrcan hrysedon,
guðgewædo), | gode þancedon
þæs þe him yþlade | eaðe wurdon.
þa of wealle geseah | weard Scildinga,
se þe holmclifu | healdan scolde,
beran ofer bolcan | beorhte randas,
fyrdsearu fuslicu; | hine fyrwyt bræc
modgehygdum, | hwæt þa men wæron.
Gewat him þa to waroðe | wicge ridan
þegn Hroðgares, | þrymmum cwehte
mægenwudu mundum, | meþelwordum frægn:
"Hwæt syndon ge | searohæbbendra,
byrnum werede, | þe þus brontne ceol
ofer lagustræte | lædan cwomon,
hider ofer holmas? | ...le wæs
endesæta, | ægwearde heold,
þe on land Dena | laðra nænig
mid scipherge | sceðþan ne meahte.
No her cuðlicor | cuman ongunnon
lindhæbbende; | ne ge leafnesword
guðfremmendra | gearwe ne wisson,
maga gemedu. | Næfre ic maran geseah
eorla ofer eorþan | ðonne is eower sum,
secg on searwum; | nis þæt seldguma,
wæpnum geweorðad, | næfne him his wlite leoge,
ænlic ansyn. | Nu ic eower sceal
frumcyn witan, | ær ge fyr heonan,
leassceaweras, | on land Dena
furþur feran. | Nu ge feorbuend,
mereliðende, | minne gehyrað
anfealdne geþoht: | Ofost is selest
to gecyðanne | hwanan eowre cyme syndon."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
20-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 5] — Beowulf 20-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Swa sceal geong guma gode gewyrcean,
fromum feohgiftum on fæder bearme,
þæt hine on ylde eft gewunigen
wilgesiþas, þonne wig cume,
leode gelæsten; lofdædum sceal
in mægþa gehwære man geþeon.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
IIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. IIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Him se yldesta | ondswarode,
werodes wisa, | wordhord onleac:
"We synt gumcynnes | Geata leode
ond Higelaces | heorðgeneatas.
Wæs min fæder | folcum gecyþed,
æþele ordfruma, | Ecgþeow haten.
Gebad wintra worn, | ær he on weg hwurfe,
gamol of geardum; | hine gearwe geman
witena welhwylc | wide geond eorþan.
We þurh holdne hige | hlaford þinne,
sunu Healfdenes, | secean cwomon,
leodgebyrgean; | wes þu us larena god.
Habbað we to þæm mæran | micel ærende,
Deniga frean, | ne sceal þær dyrne sum
wesan, þæs ic wene. | þu wast (gif hit is
swa we soþlice | secgan hyrdon)
þæt mid Scyldingum | sceaðona ic nat hwylc,
deogol dædhata, | deorcum nihtum
eaweð þurh egsan | uncuðne nið,
hynðu ond hrafyl. | Ic þæs Hroðgar mæg
þurh rumne sefan | ræd gelæran,
hu he frod ond god | feond oferswyðeþ,
gyf him edwendan | æfre scolde
bealuwa bisigu, | bot eft cuman,
ond þa cearwylmas | colran wurðaþ;
oððe a syþðan | earfoðþrage,
þreanyd þolað, | þenden þær wunað
on heahstede | husa selest."
Weard maþelode, | ðær on wicge sæt,
ombeht unforht: | "æghwæþres sceal
scearp scyldwiga | gescad witan,
worda ond worca, | se þe wel þenceð.
Ic þæt gehyre, | þæt þis is hold weorod
frean Scyldinga. | Gewitaþ forð beran
wæpen ond gewædu; | ic eow wisige.
Swylce ic maguþegnas | mine hate
wið feonda gehwone | flotan eowerne,
niwtyrwydne | nacan on sande
arum healdan, | oþðæt eft byreð
ofer lagustreamas | leofne mannan
wudu wundenhals | to Wedermearce,
godfremmendra | swylcum gifeþe bið
þæt þone hilderæs | hal gedigeð."
Gewiton him þa feran. | Flota stille bad,
seomode on sale | sidfæþmed scip,
on ancre fæst. | Eoforlic scionon
ofer hleorberan | gehroden golde,
fah ond fyrheard; | ferhwearde heold
guþmod grimmon. | Guman onetton,
sigon ætsomne, | oþþæt hy sæl timbred,
geatolic ond goldfah, | ongyton mihton;
þæt wæs foremærost | foldbuendum
receda under roderum, | on þæm se rica bad;
lixte se leoma | ofer landa fela.
Him þa hildedeor | hof modigra
torht getæhte, | þæt hie him to mihton
gegnum gangan; | guðbeorna sum
wicg gewende, | word æfter cwæð:
"Mæl is me to feran; | fæder alwalda
mid arstafum | eowic gehealde
siða gesunde. | Ic to sæ wille
wið wrað werod | wearde healdan."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
26-37 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 6] — Beowulf 26-37

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Him ða Scyld gewat to gescæphwile
felahror feran on frean wære.
Hi hyne þa ætbæron to brimes faroðe,
swæse gesiþas, swa he selfa bæd
þenden wordum weold. Wine Scyldinga,
leof landfruma lange ahte — 
þær æt hyðe stod, hringedstefna
isig ond utfus —  æþelinges fær;
aledon þa leofne þeoden,
beaga bryttan on bearm scipes,
mærne be mæste. Þær wæs madma fela
of feorwegum frætwa gelæded.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
V Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. V

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Stræt wæs stanfah, | stig wisode
gumum ætgædere. | Guðbyrne scan
heard hondlocen, | hringiren scir
song in searwum, | þa hie to sele furðum
in hyra gryregeatwum | gangan cwomon.
Setton sæmeþe | side scyldas,
rondas regnhearde, | wið þæs recedes weal,
bugon þa to bence. | Byrnan hringdon,
guðsearo gumena; | garas stodon,
sæmanna searo, | samod ætgædere,
æscholt ufan græg; | wæs se irenþreat
wæpnum gewurþad. | þa ðær wlonc hæleð
oretmecgas | æfter æþelum frægn:
"Hwanon ferigeað ge | fætte scyldas,
græge syrcan | ond grimhelmas,
heresceafta heap? | Ic eom Hroðgares
ar ond ombiht. | Ne seah ic elþeodige
þus manige men | modiglicran.
Wen ic þæt ge for wlenco, | nalles for wræcsiðum,
ac for higeþrymmum | Hroðgar sohton."
Him þa ellenrof | andswarode,
wlanc Wedera leod, | word æfter spræc,
heard under helme: | "We synt Higelaces
beodgeneatas; | Beowulf is min nama.
Wille ic asecgan | sunu Healfdenes,
mærum þeodne, | min ærende,
aldre þinum, | gif he us geunnan wile
þæt we hine swa godne | gretan moton."
Wulfgar maþelode | (þæt wæs Wendla leod;
wæs his modsefa | manegum gecyðed,
wig ond wisdom): | "Ic þæs wine Deniga,
frean Scildinga, | frinan wille,
beaga bryttan, | swa þu bena eart,
þeoden mærne, | ymb þinne sið,
ond þe þa ondsware | ædre gecyðan
ðe me se goda | agifan þenceð."
Hwearf þa hrædlice | þær Hroðgar sæt
eald ond anhar | mid his eorla gedriht;
eode ellenrof, | þæt he for eaxlum gestod
Deniga frean; | cuþe he duguðe þeaw.
Wulfgar maðelode | to his winedrihtne:
"Her syndon geferede, | feorran cumene
ofer geofenes begang | Geata leode;
þone yldestan | oretmecgas
Beowulf nemnað. | Hy benan synt
þæt hie, þeoden min, | wið þe moton
wordum wrixlan. | No ðu him wearne geteoh
ðinra gegncwida, | glædman Hroðgar.
Hy on wiggetawum | wyrðe þinceað
eorla geæhtlan; | huru se aldor deah,
se þæm heaðorincum | hider wisade."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
38-42 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 7] — Beowulf 38-42

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ne hyrde ic cymlicor ceol gegyrwan
hildewæpnum ond heaðowædum,
billum ond byrnum; him on bearme læg
madma mænigo, þa him mid scoldon
on flodes æht feor gewitan.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
VI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. VI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hroðgar maþelode, | helm Scyldinga:
"Ic hine cuðe | cnihtwesende.
Wæs his ealdfæder | Ecgþeo haten,
ðæm to ham forgeaf | Hreþel Geata
angan dohtor; | is his eafora nu
heard her cumen, | sohte holdne wine.
ðonne sægdon þæt | sæliþende,
þa ðe gifsceattas | Geata fyredon
þyder to þance, | þæt he XXXtiges
manna mægencræft | on his mundgripe
heaþorof hæbbe. | Hine halig god
for arstafum | us onsende,
to Westdenum, | þæs ic wen hæbbe,
wið Grendles gryre. | Ic þæm godan sceal
for his modþræce | madmas beodan.
Beo ðu on ofeste, | hat in gan
seon sibbegedriht | samod ætgædere;
gesaga him eac wordum | þæt hie sint wilcuman
Deniga leodum." |
word inne abead:
"Eow het secgan | sigedrihten min,
aldor Eastdena, | þæt he eower æþelu can,
ond ge him syndon | ofer sæwylmas
heardhicgende | hider wilcuman.
Nu ge moton gangan | in eowrum guðgeatawum
under heregriman | Hroðgar geseon;
lætað hildebord | her onbidan,
wudu, wælsceaftas, | worda geþinges."
Aras þa se rica, | ymb hine rinc manig,
þryðlic þegna heap; | sume þær bidon,
heaðoreaf heoldon, | swa him se hearda bebead.
Snyredon ætsomne, | þa secg wisode,
under Heorotes hrof |
heard under helme, | þæt he on heoðe gestod.
Beowulf maðelode | (on him byrne scan,
searonet seowed | smiþes orþancum):
"Wæs þu, Hroðgar, hal! | Ic eom Higelaces
mæg ond magoðegn; | hæbbe ic mærða fela
ongunnen on geogoþe. | Me wearð Grendles þing
on minre eþeltyrf | undyrne cuð;
secgað sæliðend | þæt þæs sele stande,
reced selesta, | rinca gehwylcum
idel ond unnyt, | siððan æfenleoht
under heofenes hador | beholen weorþeð.
þa me þæt gelærdon | leode mine
þa selestan, | snotere ceorlas,
þeoden Hroðgar, | þæt ic þe sohte,
forþan hie mægenes cræft | minne cuþon,
selfe ofersawon, | ða ic of searwum cwom,
fah from feondum, | þær ic fife geband,
yðde eotena cyn | ond on yðum slog
niceras nihtes, | nearoþearfe dreah,
wræc Wedera nið | (wean ahsodon),
forgrand gramum, | ond nu wið Grendel sceal,
wið þam aglæcan, | ana gehegan
ðing wið þyrse. | Ic þe nu ða,
brego Beorhtdena, | biddan wille,
eodor Scyldinga, | anre bene,
þæt ðu me ne forwyrne, | wigendra hleo,
freowine folca, | nu ic þus feorran com,
þæt ic mote ana | ond minra eorla gedryht,
þes hearda heap, | Heorot fælsian.
Hæbbe ic eac geahsod | þæt se æglæca
for his wonhydum | wæpna ne recceð.
Ic þæt þonne forhicge | (swa me Higelac sie,
min mondrihten, | modes bliðe),
þæt ic sweord bere | oþðe sidne scyld,
geolorand to guþe, | ac ic mid grape sceal
fon wið feonde | ond ymb feorh sacan,
lað wið laþum; | ðær gelyfan sceal
dryhtnes dome | se þe hine deað nimeð.
Wen ic þæt he wille, | gif he wealdan mot,
in þæm guðsele | Geotena leode
etan unforhte, | swa he oft dyde,
mægen Hreðmanna. | Na þu minne þearft
hafalan hydan, | ac he me habban wile
dreore fahne, | gif mec deað nimeð.
Byreð blodig wæl, | byrgean þenceð,
eteð angenga | unmurnlice,
mearcað morhopu; | no ðu ymb mines ne þearft
lices feorme | leng sorgian.
Onsend Higelace, | gif mec hild nime,
beaduscruda betst, | þæt mine breost wereð,
hrægla selest; | þæt is Hrædlan laf,
Welandes geweorc. | Gæð a wyrd swa hio scel."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
43-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 8] — Beowulf 43-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nalæs hi hine læssan lacum teodan,
þeodgestreonum, þonne þa dydon
þe hine æt frumsceafte forð onsendon
ænne ofer yðe umborwesende.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
VII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. VII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hroðgar maþelode, | helm Scyldinga:
"For gewyrhtum þu, | wine min Beowulf,
ond for arstafum | usic sohtest.
Gesloh þin fæder | fæhðe mæste;
wearþ he Heaþolafe | to handbonan
mid Wilfingum; | ða hine Wedera cyn
for herebrogan | habban ne mihte.
þanon he gesohte | Suðdena folc
ofer yða gewealc, | Arscyldinga.
ða ic furþum weold | folce Deniga
ond on geogoðe heold | ginne rice,
hordburh hæleþa; | ða wæs Heregar dead,
min yldra mæg | unlifigende,
bearn Healfdenes; | se wæs betera ðonne ic.
Siððan þa fæhðe | feo þingode;
sende ic Wylfingum | ofer wæteres hrycg
ealde madmas; | he me aþas swor.
Sorh is me to secganne | on sefan minum
gumena ængum | hwæt me Grendel hafað
hynðo on Heorote | mid his heteþancum,
færniða gefremed. | Is min fletwerod,
wigheap gewanod; | hie wyrd forsweop
on Grendles gryre. | God eaþe mæg
þone dolsceaðan | dæda getwæfan.
Ful oft gebeotedon | beore druncne
ofer ealowæge | oretmecgas
þæt hie in beorsele | bidan woldon
Grendles guþe | mid gryrum ecga.
ðonne wæs þeos medoheal | on morgentid,
drihtsele dreorfah, | þonne dæg lixte,
eal bencþelu | blode bestymed,
heall heorudreore; | ahte ic holdra þy læs,
deorre duguðe, | þe þa deað fornam.
Site nu to symle | ond onsæl meoto,
sigehreð secgum, | swa þin sefa hwette."
þa wæs Geatmæcgum | geador ætsomne
on beorsele | benc gerymed;
þær swiðferhþe | sittan eodon,
þryðum dealle. | þegn nytte beheold,
se þe on handa bær | hroden ealowæge,
scencte scir wered. | Scop hwilum sang
hador on Heorote. | þær wæs hæleða dream,
duguð unlytel | Dena ond Wedera.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
47-52 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 9] — Beowulf 47-52

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þa gyt hie him asetton segen gyldenne
heah ofer heafod, leton holm beran,
geafon on garsecg; him wæs geomor sefa,
murnende mod. Men ne cunnon
secgan to soðe, selerædende,
hæleð under heofenum, hwa þæm hlæste onfeng.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
VIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. VIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Unferð maþelode, | Ecglafes bearn,
þe æt fotum sæt | frean Scyldinga,
onband beadurune | (wæs him Beowulfes sið,
modges merefaran, | micel æfþunca,
forþon þe he ne uþe | þæt ænig oðer man
æfre mærða þon ma | middangeardes
gehedde under heofenum | þonne he sylfa):
"Eart þu se Beowulf, | se þe wið Brecan wunne,
on sidne sæ | ymb sund flite,
ðær git for wlence | wada cunnedon
ond for dolgilpe | on deop wæter
aldrum neþdon? | Ne inc ænig mon,
ne leof ne lað, | belean mihte
sorhfullne sið, | þa git on sund reon.
þær git eagorstream | earmum þehton,
mæton merestræta, | mundum brugdon,
glidon ofer garsecg; | geofon yþum weol,
wintrys wylmum. | Git on wæteres æht
seofon niht swuncon; | he þe æt sunde oferflat,
hæfde mare mægen. | þa hine on morgentid
on Heaþoræmas | holm up ætbær;
ðonon he gesohte | swæsne ,
leof his leodum, | lond Brondinga,
freoðoburh fægere, | þær he folc ahte,
burh ond beagas. | Beot eal wið þe
sunu Beanstanes | soðe gelæste.
ðonne wene ic to þe | wyrsan geþingea,
ðeah þu heaðoræsa | gehwær dohte,
grimre guðe, | gif þu Grendles dearst
nihtlongne fyrst | nean bidan."
Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Hwæt! þu worn fela, | wine min Unferð,
beore druncen | ymb Brecan spræce,
sægdest from his siðe. | Soð ic talige,
þæt ic merestrengo | maran ahte,
earfeþo on yþum, | ðonne ænig oþer man.
Wit þæt gecwædon | cnihtwesende
ond gebeotedon | (wæron begen þa git
on geogoðfeore) | þæt wit on garsecg ut
aldrum neðdon, | ond þæt geæfndon swa.
Hæfdon swurd nacod, | þa wit on sund reon,
heard on handa; | wit unc wið hronfixas
werian þohton. | No he wiht fram me
flodyþum feor | fleotan meahte,
hraþor on holme; | no ic fram him wolde.
ða wit ætsomne | on sæ wæron
fif nihta fyrst, | oþþæt unc flod todraf,
wado weallende, | wedera cealdost,
nipende niht, | ond norþanwind
heaðogrim ondhwearf; | hreo wæron yþa.
Wæs merefixa | mod onhrered;
þær me wið laðum | licsyrce min,
heard, hondlocen, | helpe gefremede,
beadohrægl broden | on breostum læg
golde gegyrwed. | Me to grunde teah
fah feondscaða, | fæste hæfde
grim on grape; | hwæþre me gyfeþe wearð
þæt ic aglæcan | orde geræhte,
hildebille; | heaþoræs fornam
mihtig meredeor | þurh mine hand.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
53-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 10] — Beowulf 53-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ða wæs on burgum Beow* Scyldinga,
leof leodcyning longe þrage
folcum gefræge — fæder ellor hwearf,
aldor of earde — oþ þæt him eft onwoc
heah Healfdene; heold þenden lifde
gamol ond guðreouw glæde Scyldingas.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
VIIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. VIIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Swa mec gelome | laðgeteonan
þreatedon þearle. | Ic him þenode
deoran sweorde, | swa hit gedefe wæs.
Næs hie ðære fylle | gefean hæfdon,
manfordædlan, | þæt hie me þegon,
symbel ymbsæton | sægrunde neah;
ac on mergenne | mecum wunde
be yðlafe | uppe lægon,
sweordum aswefede, | þæt syðþan na
ymb brontne ford | brimliðende
lade ne letton. | Leoht eastan com,
beorht beacen godes; | brimu swaþredon,
þæt ic sænæssas | geseon mihte,
windige weallas. | Wyrd oft nereð
unfægne eorl, | þonne his ellen deah.
Hwæþere me gesælde | þæt ic mid sweorde ofsloh
niceras nigene. | No ic on niht gefrægn
under heofones hwealf | heardran feohtan,
ne on egstreamum | earmran mannon;
hwaþere ic fara feng | feore gedigde,
siþes werig. | ða mec sæ oþbær,
flod æfter faroðe | on Finna land,
wadu weallendu. | No ic wiht fram þe
swylcra searoniða | secgan hyrde,
billa brogan. | Breca næfre git
æt heaðolace, | ne gehwæþer incer,
swa deorlice | dæd gefremede
fagum sweordum | (no ic þæs fela gylpe),
þeah ðu þinum broðrum | to banan wurde,
heafodmægum; | þæs þu in helle scealt
werhðo dreogan, | þeah þin wit duge.
Secge ic þe to soðe, | sunu Ecglafes,
þæt næfre Grendel swa fela | gryra gefremede,
atol æglæca, | ealdre þinum,
hynðo on Heorote, | gif þin hige wære,
sefa swa searogrim, | swa þu self talast.
Ac he hafað onfunden | þæt he þa fæhðe ne þearf,
atole ecgþræce | eower leode
swiðe onsittan, | Sigescyldinga;
nymeð nydbade, | nænegum arað
leode Deniga, | ac he lust wigeð,
swefeð ond sendeþ, | secce ne weneþ
to Gardenum. | Ac ic him Geata sceal
eafoð ond ellen | ungeara nu,
guþe gebeodan. | Gæþ eft se þe mot
to medo modig, | siþþan morgenleoht
ofer ylda bearn | oþres dogores,
sunne sweglwered | suþan scineð."
þa wæs on salum | sinces brytta,
gamolfeax ond guðrof; | geoce gelyfde
brego Beorhtdena, | gehyrde on Beowulfe
folces hyrde | fæstrædne geþoht.
ðær wæs hæleþa hleahtor, | hlyn swynsode,
word wæron wynsume. | Eode Wealhþeow forð,
cwen Hroðgares, | cynna gemyndig,
grette goldhroden | guman on healle,
ond þa freolic wif | ful gesealde
ærest Eastdena | eþelwearde,
bæd hine bliðne | æt þære beorþege,
leodum leofne. | He on lust geþeah
symbel ond seleful, | sigerof kyning.
Ymbeode þa | ides Helminga
duguþe ond geogoþe | dæl æghwylcne,
sincfato sealde, | oþþæt sæl alamp
þæt hio Beowulfe, | beaghroden cwen
mode geþungen, | medoful ætbær;
grette Geata leod, | gode þancode
wisfæst wordum | þæs ðe hire se willa gelamp
þæt heo on ænigne | eorl gelyfde
fyrena frofre. | He þæt ful geþeah,
wælreow wiga, | æt Wealhþeon,
ond þa gyddode | guþe gefysed;
Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Ic þæt hogode, | þa ic on holm gestah,
sæbat gesæt | mid minra secga gedriht,
þæt ic anunga | eowra leoda
willan geworhte | oþðe on wæl crunge,
feondgrapum fæst. | Ic gefremman sceal
eorlic ellen, | oþðe endedæg
on þisse meoduhealle | minne gebidan."
ðam wife þa word | wel licodon,
gilpcwide Geates; | eode goldhroden
freolicu folccwen | to hire frean sittan.
þa wæs eft swa ær | inne on healle
þryðword sprecen, | ðeod on sælum,
sigefolca sweg, | oþþæt semninga
sunu Healfdenes | secean wolde
æfenræste; | wiste þæm ahlæcan
to þæm heahsele | hilde geþinged,
siððan hie sunnan leoht | geseon ne meahton,
oþðe nipende | niht ofer ealle,
scaduhelma gesceapu | scriðan cwoman,
wan under wolcnum. | Werod eall aras.
Gegrette þa | guma oþerne,
Hroðgar Beowulf, | ond him hæl abead,
winærnes geweald, | ond þæt word acwæð:
"Næfre ic ænegum men | ær alyfde,
siþðan ic hond ond rond | hebban mihte,
ðryþærn Dena | buton þe nu ða.
Hafa nu ond geheald | husa selest,
gemyne mærþo, | mægenellen cyð,
waca wið wraþum. | Ne bið þe wilna gad,
gif þu þæt ellenweorc | aldre gedigest."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
59-63 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 11] — Beowulf 59-63

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ðæm feower bearn forðgerimed
in worold wocun, weoroda ræswan,
Heorogar ond Hroðgar ond Halga til;
hyrde ic þæt [...] wæs Onelan cwen,
Heaðoscilfingas healsgebedda.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
X Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. X

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða him Hroþgar gewat | mid his hæleþa gedryht,
eodur Scyldinga, | ut of healle;
wolde wigfruma | Wealhþeo secan,
cwen to gebeddan. | Hæfde kyningwuldor
Grendle togeanes, | swa guman gefrungon,
seleweard aseted; | sundornytte beheold
ymb aldor Dena, | eotonweard abead.
Huru Geata leod | georne truwode
modgan mægnes, | metodes hyldo.
ða he him of dyde | isernbyrnan,
helm of hafelan, | sealde his hyrsted sweord,
irena cyst, | ombihtþegne,
ond gehealdan het | hildegeatwe.
Gespræc þa se goda | gylpworda sum,
Beowulf Geata, | ær he on bed stige:
"No ic me an herewæsmun | hnagran talige,
guþgeweorca, | þonne Grendel hine;
forþan ic hine sweorde | swebban nelle,
aldre beneotan, | þeah ic eal mæge.
Nat he þara goda | þæt he me ongean slea,
rand geheawe, | þeah ðe he rof sie
niþgeweorca; | ac wit on niht sculon
secge ofersittan, | gif he gesecean dear
wig ofer wæpen, | ond siþðan witig god
on swa hwæþere hond, | halig dryhten,
mærðo deme, | swa him gemet þince."
Hylde hine þa heaþodeor, | hleorbolster onfeng
eorles andwlitan, | ond hine ymb monig
snellic særinc | selereste gebeah.
Nænig heora þohte | þæt he þanon scolde
eft eardlufan | æfre gesecean,
folc oþðe freoburh, | þær he afeded wæs;
ac hie hæfdon gefrunen | þæt hie ær to fela micles
in þæm winsele | wældeað fornam,
Denigea leode. | Ac him dryhten forgeaf
wigspeda gewiofu, | Wedera leodum,
frofor ond fultum, | þæt hie feond heora
ðurh anes cræft | ealle ofercomon,
selfes mihtum. | Soð is gecyþed
þæt mihtig god | manna cynnes
weold wideferhð. | Com on wanre niht
scriðan sceadugenga. | Sceotend swæfon,
þa þæt hornreced | healdan scoldon,
ealle buton anum. | þæt wæs yldum cuþ
þæt hie ne moste, | þa metod nolde,
se scynscaþa | under sceadu bregdan;
ac he wæccende | wraþum on andan
bad bolgenmod | beadwa geþinges.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
64-73 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 12] — Beowulf 64-73

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þa wæs Hroðgare heresped gyfen,
wiges weorðmynd, þæt him his winemagas
georne hyrdon, oðð þæt seo geogoð geweox,
magodriht micel. Him on mod bearn
þæt healreced hatan wolde,
medoærn micel, men gewyrcean
þonne yldo bearn æfre gefrunon,
ond þær on innan eall gedælan
geongum ond ealdum swylc him god sealde,
buton folcscare ond feorum gumena.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða com of more | under misthleoþum
Grendel gongan, | godes yrre bær;
mynte se manscaða | manna cynnes
sumne besyrwan | in sele þam hean.
Wod under wolcnum | to þæs þe he winreced,
goldsele gumena, | gearwost wisse,
fættum fahne. | Ne wæs þæt forma sið
þæt he Hroþgares | ham gesohte;
næfre he on aldordagum | ær ne siþðan
heardran hæle, | healðegnas fand.
Com þa to recede | rinc siðian,
dreamum bedæled. | Duru sona onarn,
fyrbendum fæst, | syþðan he hire folmum æthran;
onbræd þa bealohydig, | ða he gebolgen wæs,
recedes muþan. | Raþe æfter þon
on fagne flor | feond treddode,
eode yrremod; | him of eagum stod
ligge gelicost | leoht unfæger.
Geseah he in recede | rinca manige,
swefan sibbegedriht | samod ætgædere,
magorinca heap. | þa his mod ahlog;
mynte þæt he gedælde, | ærþon dæg cwome,
atol aglæca, | anra gehwylces
lif wið lice, | þa him alumpen wæs
wistfylle wen. | Ne wæs þæt wyrd þa gen
þæt he ma moste | manna cynnes
ðicgean ofer þa niht. | þryðswyð beheold
mæg Higelaces, | hu se manscaða
under færgripum | gefaran wolde.
Ne þæt se aglæca | yldan þohte,
ac he gefeng hraðe | forman siðe
slæpendne rinc, | slat unwearnum,
bat banlocan, | blod edrum dranc,
synsnædum swealh; | sona hæfde
unlyfigendes | eal gefeormod,
fet ond folma. | Forð near ætstop,
nam þa mid handa | higeþihtigne
rinc on ræste, | ræhte ongean
feond mid folme; | he onfeng hraþe
inwitþancum | ond wið earm gesæt.
Sona þæt onfunde | fyrena hyrde
þæt he ne mette | middangeardes,
eorþan sceata, | on elran men
mundgripe maran. | He on mode wearð
forht on ferhðe; | no þy ær fram meahte.
Hyge wæs him hinfus, | wolde on heolster fleon,
secan deofla gedræg; | ne wæs his drohtoð þær
swylce he on ealderdagum | ær gemette.
Gemunde þa se goda, | mæg Higelaces,
æfenspræce, | uplang astod
ond him fæste wiðfeng; | fingras burston.
Eoten wæs utweard; | eorl furþur stop.
Mynte se mæra, | þær he meahte swa,
widre gewindan | ond on weg þanon
fleon on fenhopu; | wiste his fingra geweald
on grames grapum. | þæt wæs geocor sið
þæt se hearmscaþa | to Heorute ateah.
Dryhtsele dynede; | Denum eallum wearð,
ceasterbuendum, | cenra gehwylcum,
eorlum ealuscerwen. | Yrre wæron begen,
reþe renweardas. | Reced hlynsode.
þa wæs wundor micel | þæt se winsele
wiðhæfde heaþodeorum, | þæt he on hrusan ne feol,
fæger foldbold; | ac he þæs fæste wæs
innan ond utan | irenbendum
searoþoncum besmiþod. | þær fram sylle abeag
medubenc monig, | mine gefræge,
golde geregnad, | þær þa graman wunnon.
þæs ne wendon ær | witan Scyldinga
þæt hit a mid gemete | manna ænig,
betlic ond banfag, | tobrecan meahte,
listum tolucan, | nymþe liges fæþm
swulge on swaþule. | Sweg up astag
niwe geneahhe; | Norðdenum stod
atelic egesa, | anra gehwylcum
þara þe of wealle | wop gehyrdon,
gryreleoð galan | godes ondsacan,
sigeleasne sang, | sar wanigean
helle hæfton. | Heold hine fæste
se þe manna wæs | mægene strengest
on þæm dæge | þysses lifes.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
74-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 13] — Beowulf 74-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ða ic wide gefrægn weorc gebannan
manigre mægþe geond þisne middangeard,
folcstede frætwan. Him on fyrste gelomp,
ædre mid yldum, þæt hit wearð eal gearo,
healærna mæst; scop him Heort naman
se þe his wordes geweald wide hæfde.

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nolde eorla hleo | ænige þinga
þone cwealmcuman | cwicne forlætan,
ne his lifdagas | leoda ænigum
nytte tealde. | þær genehost brægd
eorl Beowulfes | ealde lafe,
wolde freadrihtnes | feorh ealgian,
mæres þeodnes, | ðær hie meahton swa.
Hie þæt ne wiston, | þa hie gewin drugon,
heardhicgende | hildemecgas,
ond on healfa gehwone | heawan þohton,
sawle secan, | þone synscaðan
ænig ofer eorþan | irenna cyst,
guðbilla nan, | gretan nolde,
ac he sigewæpnum | forsworen hæfde,
ecga gehwylcre. | Scolde his aldorgedal
on ðæm dæge | þysses lifes
earmlic wurðan, | ond se ellorgast
on feonda geweald | feor siðian.
ða þæt onfunde | se þe fela æror
modes myrðe | manna cynne,
fyrene gefremede | (he wæs fag wið god),
þæt him se lichoma | læstan nolde,
ac hine se modega | mæg Hygelaces
hæfde be honda; | wæs gehwæþer oðrum
lifigende lað. | Licsar gebad
atol æglæca; | him on eaxle wearð
syndolh sweotol, | seonowe onsprungon,
burston banlocan. | Beowulfe wearð
guðhreð gyfeþe; | scolde Grendel þonan
feorhseoc fleon | under fenhleoðu,
secean wynleas wic; | wiste þe geornor
þæt his aldres wæs | ende gegongen,
dogera dægrim. | Denum eallum wearð
æfter þam wælræse | willa gelumpen.
Hæfde þa gefælsod | se þe ær feorran com,
snotor ond swyðferhð, | sele Hroðgares,
genered wið niðe; | nihtweorce gefeh,
ellenmærþum. | Hæfde Eastdenum
Geatmecga leod | gilp gelæsted,
swylce oncyþðe | ealle gebette,
inwidsorge, | þe hie ær drugon
ond for þreanydum | þolian scoldon,
torn unlytel. | þæt wæs tacen sweotol,
syþðan hildedeor | hond alegde,
earm ond eaxle | (þær wæs eal geador
Grendles grape) | under geapne hrof.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
80-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 14] — Beowulf 80-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða wæs on morgen | mine gefræge
ymb þa gifhealle | guðrinc monig;
ferdon folctogan | feorran ond nean
geond widwegas | wundor sceawian,
laþes lastas. | No his lifgedal
sarlic þuhte | secga ænegum
þara þe tirleases | trode sceawode,
hu he werigmod | on weg þanon,
niða ofercumen, | on nicera mere
fæge ond geflymed | feorhlastas bær.
ðær wæs on blode | brim weallende,
atol yða geswing | eal gemenged
haton heolfre, | heorodreore weol.
Deaðfæge deog, | siððan dreama leas
in fenfreoðo | feorh alegde,
hæþene sawle; | þær him hel onfeng.
þanon eft gewiton | ealdgesiðas,
swylce geong manig | of gomenwaþe
fram mere modge | mearum ridan,
beornas on blancum. | ðær wæs Beowulfes
mærðo mæned; | monig oft gecwæð
þætte suð ne norð | be sæm tweonum
ofer eormengrund | oþer nænig
under swegles begong | selra nære
rondhæbbendra, | rices wyrðra.
Ne hie huru winedrihten | wiht ne logon,
glædne Hroðgar, | ac þæt wæs god cyning.
Hwilum heaþorofe | hleapan leton,
on geflit faran | fealwe mearas
ðær him foldwegas | fægere þuhton,
cystum cuðe. | Hwilum cyninges þegn,
guma gilphlæden, | gidda gemyndig,
se ðe ealfela | ealdgesegena
worn gemunde, | word oþer fand
soðe gebunden; | secg eft ongan
sið Beowulfes | snyttrum styrian
ond on sped wrecan | spel gerade,
wordum wrixlan. | Welhwylc gecwæð
þæt he fram Sigemundes | secgan hyrde
ellendædum, | uncuþes fela,
Wælsinges gewin, | wide siðas,
þara þe gumena bearn | gearwe ne wiston,
fæhðe ond fyrena, | buton Fitela mid hine,
þonne he swulces hwæt | secgan wolde,
eam his nefan, | swa hie a wæron
æt niða gehwam | nydgesteallan;
hæfdon ealfela | eotena cynnes
sweordum gesæged. | Sigemunde gesprong
æfter deaðdæge | dom unlytel,
syþðan wiges heard | wyrm acwealde,
hordes hyrde. | He under harne stan,
æþelinges bearn, | ana geneðde
frecne dæde, | ne wæs him Fitela mid.
Hwæþre him gesælde | ðæt þæt swurd þurhwod
wrætlicne wyrm, | þæt hit on wealle ætstod,
dryhtlic iren; | draca morðre swealt.
Hæfde aglæca | elne gegongen
þæt he beahhordes | brucan moste
selfes dome; | sæbat gehleod,
bær on bearm scipes | beorhte frætwa,
Wælses eafera. | Wyrm hat gemealt.
Se wæs wreccena | wide mærost
ofer werþeode, | wigendra hleo,
ellendædum | (he þæs ær onðah),
siððan Heremodes | hild sweðrode,
eafoð ond ellen. | He mid Eotenum wearð
on feonda geweald | forð forlacen,
snude forsended. | Hine sorhwylmas
lemede to lange; | he his leodum wearð,
eallum æþellingum | to aldorceare;
swylce oft bemearn | ærran mælum
swiðferhþes sið | snotor ceorl monig,
se þe him bealwa to | bote gelyfde,
þæt þæt ðeodnes bearn | geþeon scolde,
fæderæþelum onfon, | folc gehealdan,
hord ond hleoburh, | hæleþa rice,
Scyldinga. | He þær eallum wearð,
mæg Higelaces, | manna cynne,
freondum gefægra; | hine fyren onwod.
Hwilum flitende | fealwe stræte
mearum mæton. | ða wæs morgenleoht
scofen ond scynded. | Eode scealc monig
swiðhicgende | to sele þam hean
searowundor seon; | swylce self cyning
of brydbure, | beahhorda weard,
tryddode tirfæst | getrume micle,
cystum gecyþed, | ond his cwen mid him
medostigge mæt | mægþa hose.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
86-98 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 15] — Beowulf 86-98

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XIIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XIIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hroðgar maþelode | (he to healle geong,
stod on stapole, | geseah steapne hrof,
golde fahne, | ond Grendles hond):
"ðisse ansyne | alwealdan þanc
lungre gelimpe! | Fela ic laþes gebad,
grynna æt Grendle; | a mæg god wyrcan
wunder æfter wundre, | wuldres hyrde.
ðæt wæs ungeara | þæt ic ænigra me
weana ne wende | to widan feore
bote gebidan, | þonne blode fah
husa selest | heorodreorig stod,
wea widscofen | witena gehwylcum
ðara þe ne wendon | þæt hie wideferhð
leoda landgeweorc | laþum beweredon
scuccum ond scinnum. | Nu scealc hafað
þurh drihtnes miht | dæd gefremede
ðe we ealle | ær ne meahton
snyttrum besyrwan. | Hwæt, þæt secgan mæg
efne swa hwylc mægþa | swa ðone magan cende
æfter gumcynnum, | gyf heo gyt lyfað,
þæt hyre ealdmetod | este wære
bearngebyrdo. | Nu ic, Beowulf, þec,
secg betsta, | me for sunu wylle
freogan on ferhþe; | heald forð tela
niwe sibbe. | Ne bið þe nænigra gad
worolde wilna, | þe ic geweald hæbbe.
Ful oft ic for læssan | lean teohhode,
hordweorþunge | hnahran rince,
sæmran æt sæcce. | þu þe self hafast
dædum gefremed | þæt þin dom lyfað
awa to aldre. | Alwalda þec
gode forgylde, | swa he nu gyt dyde!"
Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecþeowes:
"We þæt ellenweorc | estum miclum,
feohtan fremedon, | frecne geneðdon
eafoð uncuþes. | Uþe ic swiþor
þæt ðu hine selfne | geseon moste,
feond on frætewum | fylwerigne.
Ic hine hrædlice | heardan clammum
on wælbedde | wriþan þohte,
þæt he for mundgripe | minum scolde
licgean lifbysig, | butan his lic swice.
Ic hine ne mihte, | þa metod nolde,
ganges getwæman, | no ic him þæs georne ætfealh,
feorhgeniðlan; | wæs to foremihtig
feond on feþe. | Hwæþere he his folme forlet
to lifwraþe | last weardian,
earm ond eaxle. | No þær ænige swa þeah
feasceaft guma | frofre gebohte;
no þy leng leofað | laðgeteona,
synnum geswenced, | ac hyne sar hafað
mid nydgripe | nearwe befongen,
balwon bendum. | ðær abidan sceal
maga mane fah | miclan domes,
hu him scir metod | scrifan wille."
ða wæs swigra secg, | sunu Eclafes,
on gylpspræce | guðgeweorca,
siþðan æþelingas | eorles cræfte
ofer heanne hrof | hand sceawedon,
feondes fingras. | Foran æghwylc wæs,
stiðra nægla gehwylc, | style gelicost,
hæþenes handsporu | hilderinces,
egl, unheoru. | æghwylc gecwæð
þæt him heardra nan | hrinan wolde
iren ærgod, | þæt ðæs ahlæcan
blodge beadufolme | onberan wolde.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
99-110 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 16] — Beowulf 99-110

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XV Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XV

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða wæs haten hreþe | Heort innanweard
folmum gefrætwod. | Fela þæra wæs,
wera ond wifa, | þe þæt winreced,
gestsele gyredon. | Goldfag scinon
web æfter wagum, | wundorsiona fela
secga gehwylcum | þara þe on swylc starað.
Wæs þæt beorhte bold | tobrocen swiðe,
eal inneweard | irenbendum fæst,
heorras tohlidene. | Hrof ana genæs,
ealles ansund, | þe se aglæca,
fyrendædum fag, | on fleam gewand,
aldres orwena. | No þæt yðe byð
to befleonne, | fremme se þe wille,
ac gesecan sceal | sawlberendra,
nyde genydde, | niþða bearna,
grundbuendra | gearwe stowe,
þær his lichoma | legerbedde fæst
swefeþ æfter symle. | þa wæs sæl ond mæl
þæt to healle gang | Healfdenes sunu;
wolde self cyning | symbel þicgan.
Ne gefrægen ic þa mægþe | maran weorode
ymb hyra sincgyfan | sel gebæran.
Bugon þa to bence | blædagande,
fylle gefægon; | fægere geþægon
medoful manig | magas þara
swiðhicgende | on sele þam hean,
Hroðgar ond Hroþulf. | Heorot innan wæs
freondum afylled; | nalles facenstafas
þeodscyldingas | þenden fremedon.
Forgeaf þa Beowulfe | bearn Healfdenes
segen gyldenne | sigores to leane;
hroden hildecumbor, | helm ond byrnan,
mære maðþumsweord | manige gesawon
beforan beorn beran. | Beowulf geþah
ful on flette; | no he þære feohgyfte
for sceotendum | scamigan ðorfte.
Ne gefrægn ic freondlicor | feower madmas
golde gegyrede | gummanna fela
in ealobence | oðrum gesellan.
Ymb þæs helmes hrof | heafodbeorge
wirum bewunden | walu utan heold,
þæt him fela laf | frecne ne meahton
scurheard sceþðan, | þonne scyldfreca
ongean gramum | gangan scolde.
Heht ða eorla hleo | eahta mearas
fætedhleore | on flet teon,
in under eoderas. | þara anum stod
sadol searwum fah, | since gewurþad;
þæt wæs hildesetl | heahcyninges,
ðonne sweorda gelac | sunu Healfdenes
efnan wolde. | Næfre on ore læg
widcuþes wig, | ðonne walu feollon.
Ond ða Beowulfe | bega gehwæþres
eodor Ingwina | onweald geteah,
wicga ond wæpna, | het hine wel brucan.
Swa manlice | mære þeoden,
hordweard hæleþa, | heaþoræsas geald
mearum ond madmum, | swa hy næfre man lyhð,
se þe secgan wile | soð æfter rihte.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
111-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 17] — Beowulf 111-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XVI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XVI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða gyt æghwylcum | eorla drihten
þara þe mid Beowulfe | brimlade teah
on þære medubence | maþðum gesealde,
yrfelafe, | ond þone ænne heht
golde forgyldan, | þone ðe Grendel ær
mane acwealde, | swa he hyra ma wolde,
nefne him witig god | wyrd forstode
ond ðæs mannes mod. | Metod eallum weold
gumena cynnes, | swa he nu git deð.
Forþan bið andgit | æghwær selest,
ferhðes foreþanc. | Fela sceal gebidan
leofes ond laþes | se þe longe her
on ðyssum windagum | worolde bruceð.
þær wæs sang ond sweg | samod ætgædere
fore Healfdenes | hildewisan,
gomenwudu greted, | gid oft wrecen,
ðonne healgamen | Hroþgares scop
æfter medobence | mænan scolde
be Finnes eaferum, | ða hie se fær begeat,
hæleð Healfdena, | Hnæf Scyldinga,
in Freswæle | feallan scolde.
Ne huru Hildeburh | herian þorfte
Eotena treowe; | unsynnum wearð
beloren leofum | æt þam lindplegan,
bearnum ond broðrum; | hie on gebyrd hruron,
gare wunde. | þæt wæs geomuru ides!
Nalles holinga | Hoces dohtor
meotodsceaft bemearn, | syþðan morgen com,
ða heo under swegle | geseon meahte
morþorbealo maga, | þær heo ær mæste heold
worolde wynne. | Wig ealle fornam
Finnes þegnas | nemne feaum anum,
þæt he ne mehte | on þæm meðelstede
wig Hengeste | wiht gefeohtan,
ne þa wealafe | wige forþringan
þeodnes ðegna; | ac hig him geþingo budon,
þæt hie him oðer flet | eal gerymdon,
healle ond heahsetl, | þæt hie healfre geweald
wið Eotena bearn | agan moston,
ond æt feohgyftum | Folcwaldan sunu
dogra gehwylce | Dene weorþode,
Hengestes heap | hringum wenede
efne swa swiðe | sincgestreonum
fættan goldes, | swa he Fresena cyn
on beorsele | byldan wolde.
ða hie getruwedon | on twa healfa
fæste frioðuwære. | Fin Hengeste
elne, unflitme | aðum benemde
þæt he þa wealafe | weotena dome
arum heolde, | þæt ðær ænig mon
wordum ne worcum | wære ne bræce,
ne þurh inwitsearo | æfre gemænden
ðeah hie hira beaggyfan | banan folgedon
ðeodenlease, | þa him swa geþearfod wæs;
gyf þonne Frysna hwylc | frecnan spræce
ðæs morþorhetes | myndgiend wære,
þonne hit sweordes ecg | seðan scolde.
Ad wæs geæfned | ond icge gold
ahæfen of horde. | Herescyldinga
betst beadorinca | wæs on bæl gearu.
æt þæm ade wæs | eþgesyne
swatfah syrce, | swyn ealgylden,
eofer irenheard, | æþeling manig
wundum awyrded; | sume on wæle crungon.
Het ða Hildeburh | æt Hnæfes ade
hire selfre sunu | sweoloðe befæstan,
banfatu bærnan | ond on bæl don
eame on eaxle. | Ides gnornode,
geomrode giddum. | Guðrinc astah.
Wand to wolcnum | wælfyra mæst,
hlynode for hlawe; | hafelan multon,
bengeato burston, | ðonne blod ætspranc,
laðbite lices. | Lig ealle forswealg,
gæsta gifrost, | þara ðe þær guð fornam
bega folces; | wæs hira blæd scacen.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
115-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 18] — Beowulf 115-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XVII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XVII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gewiton him ða wigend | wica neosian,
freondum befeallen, | Frysland geseon,
hamas ond heaburh. | Hengest ða gyt
wælfagne winter | wunode mid Finne
eal unhlitme. | Eard gemunde,
þeah þe he ne meahte | on mere drifan
hringedstefnan; | holm storme weol,
won wið winde, | winter yþe beleac
isgebinde, | oþðæt oþer com
gear in geardas, | swa nu gyt deð,
þa ðe syngales | sele bewitiað,
wuldortorhtan weder. | ða wæs winter scacen,
fæger foldan bearm. | Fundode wrecca,
gist of geardum; | he to gyrnwræce
swiðor þohte | þonne to sælade,
gif he torngemot | þurhteon mihte
þæt he Eotena bearn | inne gemunde.
Swa he ne forwyrnde | woroldrædenne,
þonne him Hunlafing | hildeleoman,
billa selest, | on bearm dyde,
þæs wæron mid Eotenum | ecge cuðe.
Swylce ferhðfrecan | Fin eft begeat
sweordbealo sliðen | æt his selfes ham,
siþðan grimne gripe | Guðlaf ond Oslaf
æfter sæsiðe, | sorge, mændon,
ætwiton weana dæl; | ne meahte wæfre mod
forhabban in hreþre. | ða wæs heal roden
feonda feorum, | swilce Fin slægen,
cyning on corþre, | ond seo cwen numen.
Sceotend Scyldinga | to scypon feredon
eal ingesteald | eorðcyninges,
swylce hie æt Finnes ham | findan meahton
sigla, searogimma. | Hie on sælade
drihtlice wif | to Denum feredon,
læddon to leodum. | Leoð wæs asungen,
gleomannes gyd. | Gamen eft astah,
beorhtode bencsweg; | byrelas sealdon
win of wunderfatum. | þa cwom Wealhþeo forð
gan under gyldnum beage, | þær þa godan twegen
sæton suhtergefæderan; | þa gyt wæs hiera sib ætgædere,
æghwylc oðrum trywe. | Swylce þær Unferþ þyle
æt fotum sæt frean Scyldinga; | gehwylc hiora his ferhþe treowde,
þæt he hæfde mod micel, | þeah þe he his magum nære
arfæst æt ecga gelacum. | Spræc ða ides Scyldinga:
"Onfoh þissum fulle, | freodrihten min,
sinces brytta! | þu on sælum wes,
goldwine gumena, | ond to Geatum spræc
mildum wordum, | swa sceal man don.
Beo wið Geatas glæd, | geofena gemyndig,
nean ond feorran | þu nu hafast.
Me man sægde | þæt þu ðe for sunu wolde
hererinc habban. | Heorot is gefælsod,
beahsele beorhta; | bruc þenden þu mote
manigra medo, | ond þinum magum læf
folc ond rice, | þonne ðu forð scyle
metodsceaft seon. | Ic minne can
glædne Hroþulf, | þæt he þa geogoðe wile
arum healdan, | gyf þu ær þonne he,
wine Scildinga, | worold oflætest;
wene ic þæt he mid gode | gyldan wille
uncran eaferan, | gif he þæt eal gemon,
hwæt wit to willan | ond to worðmyndum
umborwesendum ær | arna gefremedon."
Hwearf þa bi bence | þær hyre byre wæron,
Hreðric ond Hroðmund, | ond hæleþa bearn,
giogoð ætgædere; | þær se goda sæt,
Beowulf Geata, | be þæm gebroðrum twæm.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
118-25 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 19] — Beowulf 118-25

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XVIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XVIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Him wæs ful boren | ond freondlaþu
wordum bewægned, | ond wunden gold
estum geeawed, | earmreade twa,
hrægl ond hringas, | healsbeaga mæst
þara þe ic on foldan | gefrægen hæbbe.
Nænigne ic under swegle | selran hyrde
hordmaððum hæleþa, | syþðan Hama ætwæg
to þære byrhtan byrig | Brosinga mene,
sigle ond sincfæt; | searoniðas fleah
Eormenrices, | geceas ecne ræd.
þone hring hæfde | Higelac Geata,
nefa Swertinges, | nyhstan siðe,
siðþan he under segne | sinc ealgode,
wælreaf werede; | hyne wyrd fornam,
syþðan he for wlenco | wean ahsode,
fæhðe to Frysum. | He þa frætwe wæg,
eorclanstanas | ofer yða ful,
rice þeoden; | he under rande gecranc.
Gehwearf þa in Francna fæþm | feorh cyninges,
breostgewædu | ond se beah somod;
wyrsan wigfrecan | wæl reafedon
æfter guðsceare, | Geata leode,
hreawic heoldon. | Heal swege onfeng.
Wealhðeo maþelode, | heo fore þæm werede spræc:
"Bruc ðisses beages, | Beowulf leofa,
hyse, mid hæle, | ond þisses hrægles neot,
þeodgestreona, | ond geþeoh tela,
cen þec mid cræfte | ond þyssum cnyhtum wes
lara liðe; | ic þe þæs lean geman.
Hafast þu gefered | þæt ðe feor ond neah
ealne wideferhþ | weras ehtigað,
efne swa side | swa sæ bebugeð,
windgeard, weallas. | Wes þenden þu lifige,
æþeling, eadig. | Ic þe an tela
sincgestreona. | Beo þu suna minum
dædum gedefe, | dreamhealdende.
Her is æghwylc eorl | oþrum getrywe,
modes milde, | mandrihtne hold;
þegnas syndon geþwære, | þeod ealgearo,
druncne dryhtguman | doð swa ic bidde."
Eode þa to setle. | þær wæs symbla cyst;
druncon win weras. | Wyrd ne cuþon,
geosceaft grimme, | swa hit agangen wearð
eorla manegum, | syþðan æfen cwom
ond him Hroþgar gewat | to hofe sinum,
rice to ræste. | Reced weardode
unrim eorla, | swa hie oft ær dydon.
Bencþelu beredon; | hit geondbræded wearð
beddum ond bolstrum. | Beorscealca sum
fus ond fæge | fletræste gebeag.
Setton him to heafdon | hilderandas,
bordwudu beorhtan; | þær on bence wæs
ofer æþelinge | yþgesene
heaþosteapa helm, | hringed byrne,
þrecwudu þrymlic. | Wæs þeaw hyra
þæt hie oft wæron | an wig gearwe,
ge æt ham ge on herge, | ge gehwæþer þara,
efne swylce mæla | swylce hira mandryhtne
þearf gesælde; | wæs seo þeod tilu.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
126-37 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 20] — Beowulf 126-37

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XVIIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XVIIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Sigon þa to slæpe. | Sum sare angeald
æfenræste, | swa him ful oft gelamp,
siþðan goldsele | Grendel warode,
unriht æfnde, | oþþæt ende becwom,
swylt æfter synnum. | þæt gesyne wearþ,
widcuþ werum, | þætte wrecend þa gyt
lifde æfter laþum, | lange þrage,
æfter guðceare. | Grendles modor,
ides, aglæcwif, | yrmþe gemunde,
se þe wæteregesan | wunian scolde,
cealde streamas, | siþðan Cain wearð
to ecgbanan | angan breþer,
fæderenmæge; | he þa fag gewat,
morþre gemearcod, | mandream fleon,
westen warode. | þanon woc fela
geosceaftgasta; | wæs þæra Grendel sum,
heorowearh hetelic, | se æt Heorote fand
wæccendne wer | wiges bidan.
þær him aglæca | ætgræpe wearð;
hwæþre he gemunde | mægenes strenge,
gimfæste gife | ðe him god sealde,
ond him to anwaldan | are gelyfde,
frofre ond fultum; | ðy he þone feond ofercwom,
gehnægde helle gast. | þa he hean gewat,
dreame bedæled, | deaþwic seon,
mancynnes feond, | ond his modor þa gyt,
gifre ond galgmod, | gegan wolde
sorhfulne sið, | sunu deað wrecan.
Com þa to Heorote, | ðær Hringdene
geond þæt sæld swæfun. | þa ðær sona wearð
edhwyrft eorlum, | siþðan inne fealh
Grendles modor. | Wæs se gryre læssa
efne swa micle | swa bið mægþa cræft,
wiggryre wifes, | be wæpnedmen,
þonne heoru bunden, | hamere geþuren,
sweord swate fah | swin ofer helme
ecgum dyhttig | andweard scireð.
þa wæs on healle | heardecg togen
sweord ofer setlum, | sidrand manig
hafen handa fæst; | helm ne gemunde,
byrnan side, | þa hine se broga angeat.
Heo wæs on ofste, | wolde ut þanon,
feore beorgan, | þa heo onfunden wæs.
Hraðe heo æþelinga | anne hæfde
fæste befangen, | þa heo to fenne gang.
Se wæs Hroþgare | hæleþa leofost
on gesiðes had | be sæm tweonum,
rice randwiga, | þone ðe heo on ræste abreat,
blædfæstne beorn. | Næs Beowulf ðær,
ac wæs oþer in | ær geteohhod
æfter maþðumgife | mærum Geate.
Hream wearð in Heorote; | heo under heolfre genam
cuþe folme; | cearu wæs geniwod,
geworden in wicun. | Ne wæs þæt gewrixle til,
þæt hie on ba healfa | bicgan scoldon
freonda feorum. | þa wæs frod cyning,
har hilderinc, | on hreon mode,
syðþan he aldorþegn | unlyfigendne,
þone deorestan | deadne wisse.
Hraþe wæs to bure | Beowulf fetod,
sigoreadig secg. | Samod ærdæge
eode eorla sum, | æþele cempa
self mid gesiðum | þær se snotera bad,
hwæþer him alwalda | æfre wille
æfter weaspelle | wyrpe gefremman.
Gang ða æfter flore | fyrdwyrðe man
mid his handscale | (healwudu dynede),
þæt he þone wisan | wordum nægde
frean Ingwina, | frægn gif him wære
æfter neodlaðum | niht getæse.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
138-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 21] — Beowulf 138-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XX Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XX

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hroðgar maþelode, | helm Scyldinga:
"Ne frin þu æfter sælum! | Sorh is geniwod
Denigea leodum. | Dead is æschere,
Yrmenlafes | yldra broþor,
min runwita | ond min rædbora,
eaxlgestealla, | ðonne we on orlege
hafelan weredon, | þonne hniton feþan,
eoferas cnysedan. | Swylc scolde eorl wesan,
æþeling ærgod, | swylc æschere wæs!
Wearð him on Heorote | to handbanan
wælgæst wæfre; | ic ne wat hwæder
atol æse wlanc | eftsiðas teah,
fylle gefægnod. | Heo þa fæhðe wræc
þe þu gystran niht | Grendel cwealdest
þurh hæstne had | heardum clammum,
forþan he to lange | leode mine
wanode ond wyrde. | He æt wige gecrang
ealdres scyldig, | ond nu oþer cwom
mihtig manscaða, | wolde hyre mæg wrecan,
ge feor hafað | fæhðe gestæled
(þæs þe þincean mæg | þegne monegum,
se þe æfter sincgyfan | on sefan greoteþ),
hreþerbealo hearde; | nu seo hand ligeð,
se þe eow welhwylcra | wilna dohte.
Ic þæt londbuend, | leode mine,
selerædende, | secgan hyrde
þæt hie gesawon | swylce twegen
micle mearcstapan | moras healdan,
ellorgæstas. | ðæra oðer wæs,
þæs þe hie gewislicost | gewitan meahton,
idese onlicnæs; | oðer earmsceapen
on weres wæstmum | wræclastas træd,
næfne he wæs mara | þonne ænig man oðer;
þone on geardagum | Grendel nemdon
foldbuende. | No hie fæder cunnon,
hwæþer him ænig wæs | ær acenned
dyrnra gasta. | Hie dygel lond
warigeað, wulfhleoþu, | windige næssas,
frecne fengelad, | ðær fyrgenstream
under næssa genipu | niþer gewiteð,
flod under foldan. | Nis þæt feor heonon
milgemearces | þæt se mere standeð;
ofer þæm hongiað | hrinde bearwas,
wudu wyrtum fæst | wæter oferhelmað.
þær mæg nihta gehwæm | niðwundor seon,
fyr on flode. | No þæs frod leofað
gumena bearna, | þæt þone grund wite;
ðeah þe hæðstapa | hundum geswenced,
heorot hornum trum, | holtwudu sece,
feorran geflymed, | ær he feorh seleð,
aldor on ofre, | ær he in wille
hafelan hydan. | Nis þæt heoru stow!
þonon yðgeblond | up astigeð
won to wolcnum, | þonne wind styreþ,
lað gewidru, | oðþæt lyft drysmaþ,
roderas reotað. | Nu is se ræd gelang
eft æt þe anum. | Eard git ne const,
frecne stowe, | ðær þu findan miht
felasinnigne secg; | sec gif þu dyrre.
Ic þe þa fæhðe | feo leanige,
ealdgestreonum, | swa ic ær dyde,
wundnum golde, | gyf þu on weg cymest."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
144-63 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 22] — Beowulf 144-63

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Ne sorga, snotor guma; | selre bið æghwæm
þæt he his freond wrece, | þonne he fela murne.
Ure æghwylc sceal | ende gebidan
worolde lifes; | wyrce se þe mote
domes ær deaþe; | þæt bið drihtguman
unlifgendum | æfter selest.
Aris, rices weard, | uton raþe feran
Grendles magan | gang sceawigan.
Ic hit þe gehate, | no he on helm losaþ,
ne on foldan fæþm, | ne on fyrgenholt,
ne on gyfenes grund, | ga þær he wille.
ðys dogor þu | geþyld hafa
weana gehwylces, | swa ic þe wene to."
Ahleop ða se gomela, | gode þancode,
mihtigan drihtne, | þæs se man gespræc.
þa wæs Hroðgare | hors gebæted,
wicg wundenfeax. | Wisa fengel
geatolic gende; | gumfeþa stop
lindhæbbendra. | Lastas wæron
æfter waldswaþum | wide gesyne,
gang ofer grundas, | þær heo gegnum for
ofer myrcan mor, | magoþegna bær
þone selestan | sawolleasne
þara þe mid Hroðgare | ham eahtode.
Ofereode þa | æþelinga bearn
steap stanhliðo, | stige nearwe,
enge anpaðas, | uncuð gelad,
neowle næssas, | nicorhusa fela.
He feara sum | beforan gengde
wisra monna | wong sceawian,
oþþæt he færinga | fyrgenbeamas
ofer harne stan | hleonian funde,
wynleasne wudu; | wæter under stod
dreorig ond gedrefed. | Denum eallum wæs,
winum Scyldinga, | weorce on mode
to geþolianne, | ðegne monegum,
oncyð eorla gehwæm, | syðþan æscheres
on þam holmclife | hafelan metton.
Flod blode weol | (folc to sægon),
hatan heolfre. | Horn stundum song
fuslic fyrdleoð. | Feþa eal gesæt.
Gesawon ða æfter wætere | wyrmcynnes fela,
sellice sædracan, | sund cunnian,
swylce on næshleoðum | nicras licgean,
ða on undernmæl | oft bewitigað
sorhfulne sið | on seglrade,
wyrmas ond wildeor; | hie on weg hruron,
bitere ond gebolgne, | bearhtm ongeaton,
guðhorn galan. | Sumne Geata leod
of flanbogan | feores getwæfde,
yðgewinnes, | þæt him on aldre stod
herestræl hearda; | he on holme wæs
sundes þe sænra, | ðe hyne swylt fornam.
Hræþe wearð on yðum | mid eoferspreotum
heorohocyhtum | hearde genearwod,
niða genæged, | ond on næs togen,
wundorlic wægbora; | weras sceawedon
gryrelicne gist. | Gyrede hine Beowulf
eorlgewædum, | nalles for ealdre mearn.
Scolde herebyrne | hondum gebroden,
sid ond searofah, | sund cunnian,
seo ðe bancofan | beorgan cuþe,
þæt him hildegrap | hreþre ne mihte,
eorres inwitfeng, | aldre gesceþðan;
ac se hwita helm | hafelan werede,
se þe meregrundas | mengan scolde,
secan sundgebland | since geweorðad,
befongen freawrasnum, | swa hine fyrndagum
worhte wæpna smið, | wundrum teode,
besette swinlicum, | þæt hine syðþan no
brond ne beadomecas | bitan ne meahton.
Næs þæt þonne mætost | mægenfultuma
þæt him on ðearfe lah | ðyle Hroðgares;
wæs þæm hæftmece | Hrunting nama.
þæt wæs an foran | ealdgestreona;
ecg wæs iren, | atertanum fah,
ahyrded heaþoswate; | næfre hit æt hilde ne swac
manna ængum | þara þe hit mid mundum bewand,
se ðe gryresiðas | gegan dorste,
folcstede fara; | næs þæt forma sið
þæt hit ellenweorc | æfnan scolde.
Huru ne gemunde | mago Ecglafes,
eafoþes cræftig, | þæt he ær gespræc
wine druncen, | þa he þæs wæpnes onlah
selran sweordfrecan. | Selfa ne dorste
under yða gewin | aldre geneþan,
drihtscype dreogan; | þær he dome forleas,
ellenmærðum. | Ne wæs þæm oðrum swa,
syðþan he hine to guðe | gegyred hæfde.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
164-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 23] — Beowulf 164-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Beowulf maðelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Geþenc nu, se mæra | maga Healfdenes,
snottra fengel, | nu ic eom siðes fus,
goldwine gumena, | hwæt wit geo spræcon,
gif ic æt þearfe | þinre scolde
aldre linnan, | þæt ðu me a wære
forðgewitenum | on fæder stæle.
Wes þu mundbora | minum magoþegnum,
hondgesellum, | gif mec hild nime;
swylce þu ða madmas | þe þu me sealdest,
Hroðgar leofa, | Higelace onsend.
Mæg þonne on þæm golde ongitan | Geata dryhten,
geseon sunu Hrædles, | þonne he on þæt sinc starað,
þæt ic gumcystum | godne funde
beaga bryttan, | breac þonne moste.
Ond þu Unferð læt | ealde lafe,
wrætlic wægsweord, | widcuðne man
heardecg habban; | ic me mid Hruntinge
dom gewyrce, | oþðe mec deað nimeð."
æfter þæm wordum | Wedergeata leod
efste mid elne, | nalas ondsware
bidan wolde; | brimwylm onfeng
hilderince. | ða wæs hwil dæges
ær he þone grundwong | ongytan mehte.
Sona þæt onfunde | se ðe floda begong
heorogifre beheold | hund missera,
grim ond grædig, | þæt þær gumena sum
ælwihta eard | ufan cunnode.
Grap þa togeanes, | guðrinc gefeng
atolan clommum. | No þy ær in gescod
halan lice; | hring utan ymbbearh,
þæt heo þone fyrdhom | ðurhfon ne mihte,
locene leoðosyrcan | laþan fingrum.
Bær þa seo brimwylf, | þa heo to botme com,
hringa þengel | to hofe sinum,
swa he ne mihte, | no he þæs modig wæs,
wæpna gewealdan, | ac hine wundra þæs fela
swencte on sunde, | sædeor monig
hildetuxum | heresyrcan bræc,
ehton aglæcan. | ða se eorl ongeat
þæt he in niðsele | nathwylcum wæs,
þær him nænig wæter | wihte ne sceþede,
ne him for hrofsele | hrinan ne mehte
færgripe flodes; | fyrleoht geseah,
blacne leoman, | beorhte scinan.
Ongeat þa se goda | grundwyrgenne,
merewif mihtig; | mægenræs forgeaf
hildebille, | hond sweng ne ofteah,
þæt hire on hafelan | hringmæl agol
grædig guðleoð. | ða se gist onfand
þæt se beadoleoma | bitan nolde,
aldre sceþðan, | ac seo ecg geswac
ðeodne æt þearfe; | ðolode ær fela
hondgemota, | helm oft gescær,
fæges fyrdhrægl; | ða wæs forma sið
deorum madme, | þæt his dom alæg.
Eft wæs anræd, | nalas elnes læt,
mærða gemyndig | mæg Hylaces.
Wearp ða wundenmæl | wrættum gebunden
yrre oretta, | þæt hit on eorðan læg,
stið ond stylecg; | strenge getruwode,
mundgripe mægenes. | Swa sceal man don,
þonne he æt guðe | gegan þenceð
longsumne lof, | na ymb his lif cearað.
Gefeng þa be eaxle | (nalas for fæhðe mearn)
Guðgeata leod | Grendles modor;
brægd þa beadwe heard, | þa he gebolgen wæs,
feorhgeniðlan, | þæt heo on flet gebeah.
Heo him eft hraþe | andlean forgeald
grimman grapum | ond him togeanes feng;
oferwearp þa werigmod | wigena strengest,
feþecempa, | þæt he on fylle wearð.
Ofsæt þa þone selegyst | ond hyre seax geteah,
brad ond brunecg, | wolde hire bearn wrecan,
angan eaferan. | Him on eaxle læg
breostnet broden; | þæt gebearh feore,
wið ord ond wið ecge | ingang forstod.
Hæfde ða forsiðod | sunu Ecgþeowes
under gynne grund, | Geata cempa,
nemne him heaðobyrne | helpe gefremede,
herenet hearde, | ond halig god
geweold wigsigor; | witig drihten,
rodera rædend, | hit on ryht gesced
yðelice, | syþðan he eft astod.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
168-74 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 24] — Beowulf 168-74

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Geseah ða on searwum | sigeeadig bil,
eald sweord eotenisc, | ecgum þyhtig,
wigena weorðmynd; | þæt wæs wæpna cyst,
buton hit wæs mare | ðonne ænig mon oðer
to beadulace | ætberan meahte,
god ond geatolic, | giganta geweorc.
He gefeng þa fetelhilt, | freca Scyldinga
hreoh ond heorogrim | hringmæl gebrægd,
aldres orwena, | yrringa sloh,
þæt hire wið halse | heard grapode,
banhringas bræc. | Bil eal ðurhwod
fægne flæschoman; | heo on flet gecrong.
Sweord wæs swatig, | secg weorce gefeh.
Lixte se leoma, | leoht inne stod,
efne swa of hefene | hadre scineð
rodores candel. | He æfter recede wlat;
hwearf þa be wealle, | wæpen hafenade
heard be hiltum | Higelaces ðegn,
yrre ond anræd. | Næs seo ecg fracod
hilderince, | ac he hraþe wolde
Grendle forgyldan | guðræsa fela
ðara þe he geworhte | to Westdenum
oftor micle | ðonne on ænne sið,
þonne he Hroðgares | heorðgeneatas
sloh on sweofote, | slæpende fræt
folces Denigea | fyftyne men
ond oðer swylc | ut offerede,
laðlicu lac. | He him þæs lean forgeald,
reþe cempa, | to ðæs þe he on ræste geseah
guðwerigne | Grendel licgan
aldorleasne, | swa him ær gescod
hild æt Heorote. | Hra wide sprong,
syþðan he æfter deaðe | drepe þrowade,
heorosweng heardne, | ond hine þa heafde becearf.
Sona þæt gesawon | snottre ceorlas,
þa ðe mid Hroðgare | on holm wliton,
þæt wæs yðgeblond | eal gemenged,
brim blode fah. | Blondenfeaxe,
gomele ymb godne, | ongeador spræcon
þæt hig þæs æðelinges | eft ne wendon
þæt he sigehreðig | secean come
mærne þeoden; | þa ðæs monige gewearð
þæt hine seo brimwylf | abroten hæfde.
ða com non dæges. | Næs ofgeafon
hwate Scyldingas; | gewat him ham þonon
goldwine gumena. | Gistas setan
modes seoce | ond on mere staredon,
wiston ond ne wendon | þæt hie heora winedrihten
selfne gesawon. | þa þæt sweord ongan
æfter heaþoswate | hildegicelum,
wigbil wanian. | þæt wæs wundra sum,
þæt hit eal gemealt | ise gelicost,
ðonne forstes bend | fæder onlæteð,
onwindeð wælrapas, | se geweald hafað
sæla ond mæla; | þæt is soð metod.
Ne nom he in þæm wicum, | Wedergeata leod,
maðmæhta ma, | þeh he þær monige geseah,
buton þone hafelan | ond þa hilt somod
since fage. | Sweord ær gemealt,
forbarn brodenmæl; | wæs þæt blod to þæs hat,
ættren ellorgæst | se þær inne swealt.
Sona wæs on sunde | se þe ær æt sæcce gebad
wighryre wraðra, | wæter up þurhdeaf.
Wæron yðgebland | eal gefælsod,
eacne eardas, | þa se ellorgast
oflet lifdagas | ond þas lænan gesceaft.
Com þa to lande | lidmanna helm
swiðmod swymman; | sælace gefeah,
mægenbyrþenne | þara þe he him mid hæfde.
Eodon him þa togeanes, | gode þancodon,
ðryðlic þegna heap, | þeodnes gefegon,
þæs þe hi hyne gesundne | geseon moston.
ða wæs of þæm hroran | helm ond byrne
lungre alysed. | Lagu drusade,
wæter under wolcnum, | wældreore fag.
Ferdon forð þonon | feþelastum
ferhþum fægne, | foldweg mæton,
cuþe stræte. | Cyningbalde men
from þæm holmclife | hafelan bæron
earfoðlice | heora æghwæþrum,
felamodigra; | feower scoldon
on þæm wælstenge | weorcum geferian
to þæm goldsele | Grendles heafod,
oþðæt semninga | to sele comon
frome fyrdhwate | feowertyne
Geata gongan; | gumdryhten mid
modig on gemonge | meodowongas træd.
ða com in gan | ealdor ðegna,
dædcene mon | dome gewurþad,
hæle hildedeor, | Hroðgar gretan.
þa wæs be feaxe | on flet boren
Grendles heafod, | þær guman druncon,
egeslic for eorlum | ond þære idese mid,
wliteseon wrætlic; | weras on sawon.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
175-88 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 25] — Beowulf 175-88

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXIIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXIIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Hwæt! we þe þas sælac, | sunu Healfdenes,
leod Scyldinga, | lustum brohton
tires to tacne, | þe þu her to locast.
Ic þæt unsofte | ealdre gedigde
wigge under wætere, | weorc geneþde
earfoðlice; | ætrihte wæs
guð getwæfed, | nymðe mec god scylde.
Ne meahte ic æt hilde | mid Hruntinge
wiht gewyrcan, | þeah þæt wæpen duge;
ac me geuðe | ylda waldend
þæt ic on wage geseah | wlitig hangian
eald sweord eacen | (oftost wisode
winigea leasum), | þæt ic ðy wæpne gebræd.
Ofsloh ða æt þære sæcce, | þa me sæl ageald,
huses hyrdas. | þa þæt hildebil
forbarn brogdenmæl, | swa þæt blod gesprang,
hatost heaþoswata. | Ic þæt hilt þanan
feondum ætferede, | fyrendæda wræc,
deaðcwealm Denigea, | swa hit gedefe wæs.
Ic hit þe þonne gehate, | þæt þu on Heorote most
sorhleas swefan | mid þinra secga gedryht
ond þegna gehwylc | þinra leoda,
duguðe ond iogoþe, | þæt þu him ondrædan ne þearft,
þeoden Scyldinga, | on þa healfe,
aldorbealu eorlum, | swa þu ær dydest."
ða wæs gylden hilt | gamelum rince,
harum hildfruman, | on hand gyfen,
enta ærgeweorc; | hit on æht gehwearf
æfter deofla hryre | Denigea frean,
wundorsmiþa geweorc, | ond þa þas worold ofgeaf
gromheort guma, | godes ondsaca,
morðres scyldig, | ond his modor eac,
on geweald gehwearf | woroldcyninga
ðæm selestan | be sæm tweonum
ðara þe on Scedenigge | sceattas dælde.
Hroðgar maðelode, | hylt sceawode,
ealde lafe, | on ðæm wæs or writen
fyrngewinnes, | syðþan flod ofsloh,
gifen geotende, | giganta cyn
(frecne geferdon); | þæt wæs fremde þeod
ecean dryhtne; | him þæs endelean
þurh wæteres wylm | waldend sealde.
Swa wæs on ðæm scennum | sciran goldes
þurh runstafas | rihte gemearcod,
geseted ond gesæd | hwam þæt sweord geworht,
irena cyst, | ærest wære,
wreoþenhilt ond wyrmfah. | ða se wisa spræc
sunu Healfdenes | (swigedon ealle):
"þæt, la, mæg secgan | se þe soð ond riht
fremeð on folce, | feor eal gemon,
eald weard, | þæt ðes eorl wære
geboren betera! | Blæd is aræred
geond widwegas, | wine min Beowulf,
ðin ofer þeoda gehwylce. | Eal þu hit geþyldum healdest,
mægen mid modes snyttrum. | Ic þe sceal mine gelæstan
freode, swa wit furðum spræcon. | ðu scealt to frofre weorþan
eal langtwidig | leodum þinum,
hæleðum to helpe. | Ne wearð Heremod swa
eaforum Ecgwelan, | Arscyldingum;
ne geweox he him to willan, | ac to wælfealle
ond to deaðcwalum | Deniga leodum;
breat bolgenmod | beodgeneatas,
eaxlgesteallan, | oþþæt he ana hwearf,
mære þeoden, | mondreamum from.
ðeah þe hine mihtig god | mægenes wynnum,
eafeþum stepte, | ofer ealle men
forð gefremede, | hwæþere him on ferhþe greow
breosthord blodreow. | Nallas beagas geaf
Denum æfter dome; | dreamleas gebad
þæt he þæs gewinnes | weorc þrowade,
leodbealo longsum. | ðu þe lær be þon,
gumcyste ongit; | ic þis gid be þe
awræc wintrum frod. | Wundor is to secganne
hu mihtig god | manna cynne
þurh sidne sefan | snyttru bryttað,
eard ond eorlscipe; | he ah ealra geweald.
Hwilum he on lufan | læteð hworfan
monnes modgeþonc | mæran cynnes,
seleð him on eþle | eorþan wynne
to healdanne, | hleoburh wera,
gedeð him swa gewealdene | worolde dælas,
side rice, | þæt he his selfa ne mæg
for his unsnyttrum | ende geþencean.
Wunað he on wiste; | no hine wiht dweleð
adl ne yldo, | ne him inwitsorh
on sefan sweorceð, | ne gesacu ohwær
ecghete eoweð, | ac him eal worold
wendeð on willan | (he þæt wyrse ne con),

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
189-93 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 26] — Beowulf 189-93

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXV Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXV

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

oðþæt him on innan | oferhygda dæl
weaxeð ond wridað. | þonne se weard swefeð,
sawele hyrde; | bið se slæp to fæst,
bisgum gebunden, | bona swiðe neah,
se þe of flanbogan | fyrenum sceoteð.
þonne bið on hreþre | under helm drepen
biteran stræle | (him bebeorgan ne con),
wom wundorbebodum | wergan gastes;
þinceð him to lytel | þæt he lange heold,
gytsað gromhydig, | nallas on gylp seleð
fædde beagas, | ond he þa forðgesceaft
forgyteð ond forgymeð, | þæs þe him ær god sealde,
wuldres waldend, | weorðmynda dæl.
Hit on endestæf | eft gelimpeð
þæt se lichoma | læne gedreoseð,
fæge gefealleð; | fehð oþer to,
se þe unmurnlice | madmas dæleþ,
eorles ærgestreon, | egesan ne gymeð.
Bebeorh þe ðone bealonið, | Beowulf leofa,
secg betsta, | ond þe þæt selre geceos,
ece rædas; | oferhyda ne gym,
mære cempa. | Nu is þines mægnes blæd
ane hwile. | Eft sona bið
þæt þec adl oððe ecg | eafoþes getwæfeð,
oððe fyres feng, | oððe flodes wylm,
oððe gripe meces, | oððe gares fliht,
oððe atol yldo; | oððe eagena bearhtm
forsiteð ond forsworceð; | semninga bið
þæt ðec, dryhtguma, | deað oferswyðeð.
Swa ic Hringdena | hund missera
weold under wolcnum | ond hig wigge beleac
manigum mægþa | geond þysne middangeard,
æscum ond ecgum, | þæt ic me ænigne
under swegles begong | gesacan ne tealde.
Hwæt, me þæs on eþle | edwenden cwom,
gyrn æfter gomene, | seoþðan Grendel wearð,
ealdgewinna, | ingenga min;
ic þære socne | singales wæg
modceare micle. | þæs sig metode þanc,
ecean dryhtne, | þæs ðe ic on aldre gebad
þæt ic on þone hafelan | heorodreorigne
ofer ealdgewin | eagum starige!
Ga nu to setle, | symbelwynne dreoh
wigge weorþad; | unc sceal worn fela
maþma gemænra, | siþðan morgen bið."
Geat wæs glædmod, | geong sona to
setles neosan, | swa se snottra heht.
þa wæs eft swa ær | ellenrofum
fletsittendum | fægere gereorded
niowan stefne. | Nihthelm geswearc
deorc ofer dryhtgumum. | Duguð eal aras.
Wolde blondenfeax | beddes neosan,
gamela Scylding. | Geat unigmetes wel,
rofne randwigan, | restan lyste;
sona him seleþegn | siðes wergum,
feorrancundum, | forð wisade,
se for andrysnum | ealle beweotede
þegnes þearfe, | swylce þy dogore
heaþoliðende | habban scoldon.
Reste hine þa rumheort; | reced hliuade
geap ond goldfah; | gæst inne swæf
oþþæt hrefn blaca | heofones wynne
bliðheort bodode. | ða com beorht scacan
scaþan onetton,
wæron æþelingas | eft to leodum
fuse to farenne; | wolde feor þanon
cuma collenferhð | ceoles neosan.
Heht þa se hearda | Hrunting beran
sunu Ecglafes, | heht his sweord niman,
leoflic iren; | sægde him þæs leanes þanc,
cwæð, he þone guðwine | godne tealde,
wigcræftigne, | nales wordum log
meces ecge; | þæt wæs modig secg.
Ond þa siðfrome, | searwum gearwe
wigend wæron; | eode weorð Denum
æþeling to yppan, | þær se oþer wæs,
hæle hildedeor | Hroðgar grette.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
194-201 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 27] — Beowulf 194-201

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXVI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXVI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Beowulf maþelode, | bearn Ecgþeowes:
"Nu we sæliðend | secgan wyllað,
feorran cumene, | þæt we fundiaþ
Higelac secan. | Wæron her tela
willum bewenede; | þu us wel dohtest.
Gif ic þonne on eorþan | owihte mæg
þinre modlufan | maran tilian,
gumena dryhten, | ðonne ic gyt dyde,
guðgeweorca, | ic beo gearo sona.
Gif ic þæt gefricge | ofer floda begang,
þæt þec ymbsittend | egesan þywað,
swa þec hetende | hwilum dydon,
ic ðe þusenda | þegna bringe,
hæleþa to helpe. | Ic on Higelac wat,
Geata dryhten, | þeah ðe he geong sy,
folces hyrde, | þæt he mec fremman wile
wordum ond worcum, | þæt ic þe wel herige
ond þe to geoce | garholt bere,
mægenes fultum, | þær ðe bið manna þearf.
Gif him þonne Hreþric | to hofum Geata
geþingeð, þeodnes bearn, | he mæg þær fela
freonda findan; | feorcyþðe beoð
selran gesohte | þæm þe him selfa deah."
Hroðgar maþelode | him on ondsware:
"þe þa wordcwydas | wigtig drihten
on sefan sende; | ne hyrde ic snotorlicor
on swa geongum feore | guman þingian.
þu eart mægenes strang | ond on mode frod,
wis wordcwida. | Wen ic talige,
gif þæt gegangeð, | þæt ðe gar nymeð,
hild heorugrimme, | Hreþles eaferan,
adl oþðe iren | ealdor ðinne,
folces hyrde, | ond þu þin feorh hafast,
þæt þe Sægeatas | selran næbben
to geceosenne | cyning ænigne,
hordweard hæleþa, | gyf þu healdan wylt
maga rice. | Me þin modsefa
licað leng swa wel, | leofa Beowulf.
Hafast þu gefered | þæt þam folcum sceal,
Geata leodum | ond Gardenum,
sib gemæne, | ond sacu restan,
inwitniþas, | þe hie ær drugon,
wesan, þenden ic wealde | widan rices,
maþmas gemæne, | manig oþerne
godum gegretan | ofer ganotes bæð;
sceal hringnaca | ofer heafu bringan
lac ond luftacen. | Ic þa leode wat
ge wið feond ge wið freond | fæste geworhte,
æghwæs untæle | ealde wisan."
ða git him eorla hleo | inne gesealde,
mago Healfdenes, | maþmas XII;
het hine mid þæm lacum | leode swæse
secean on gesyntum, | snude eft cuman.
Gecyste þa | cyning æþelum god,
þeoden Scyldinga, | ðegn betstan
ond be healse genam; | hruron him tearas,
blondenfeaxum. | Him wæs bega wen,
ealdum infrodum, | oþres swiðor,
þæt hie seoððan no | geseon moston,
modige on meþle. | Wæs him se man to þon leof
þæt he þone breostwylm | forberan ne mehte,
ac him on hreþre | hygebendum fæst
æfter deorum men | dyrne langað
beorn wið blode. | Him Beowulf þanan,
guðrinc goldwlanc, | græsmoldan træd
since hremig; | sægenga bad
agendfrean, | se þe on ancre rad.
þa wæs on gange | gifu Hroðgares
oft geæhted; | þæt wæs an cyning,
æghwæs orleahtre, | oþþæt hine yldo benam
mægenes wynnum, | se þe oft manegum scod.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
202-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 28] — Beowulf 202-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXVII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXVII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Cwom þa to flode | felamodigra,
hægstealdra heap, | hringnet bæron,
locene leoðosyrcan. | Landweard onfand
eftsið eorla, | swa he ær dyde;
no he mid hearme | of hliðes nosan
gæstas grette, | ac him togeanes rad,
cwæð þæt wilcuman | Wedera leodum
scaþan scirhame | to scipe foron.
þa wæs on sande | sægeap naca
hladen herewædum, | hringedstefna,
mearum ond maðmum; | mæst hlifade
ofer Hroðgares | hordgestreonum.
He þæm batwearde | bunden golde
swurd gesealde, | þæt he syðþan wæs
on meodubence | maþme þy weorþra,
yrfelafe. | Gewat him on naca
drefan deop wæter, | Dena land ofgeaf.
þa wæs be mæste | merehrægla sum,
segl sale fæst; | sundwudu þunede.
No þær wegflotan | wind ofer yðum
siðes getwæfde; | sægenga for,
fleat famigheals | forð ofer yðe,
bundenstefna | ofer brimstreamas,
þæt hie Geata clifu | ongitan meahton,
cuþe næssas. | Ceol up geþrang
lyftgeswenced, | on lande stod.
Hraþe wæs æt holme | hyðweard geara,
se þe ær lange tid | leofra manna
fus æt faroðe | feor wlatode;
sælde to sande | sidfæþme scip,
oncerbendum fæst, | þy læs hym yþa ðrym
wudu wynsuman | forwrecan meahte.
Het þa up beran | æþelinga gestreon,
frætwe ond fætgold; | næs him feor þanon
to gesecanne | sinces bryttan,
Higelac Hreþling, | þær æt ham wunað
selfa mid gesiðum | sæwealle neah.
Bold wæs betlic, | bregorof cyning,
heah in healle, | Hygd swiðe geong,
wis, welþungen, | þeah ðe wintra lyt
under burhlocan | gebiden hæbbe,
Hæreþes dohtor; | næs hio hnah swa þeah,
ne to gneað gifa | Geata leodum,
maþmgestreona. | Mod þryðo wæg,
fremu folces cwen, | firen ondrysne.
Nænig þæt dorste | deor geneþan
swæsra gesiða, | nefne sinfrea,
þæt hire an dæges | eagum starede,
ac him wælbende | weotode tealde
handgewriþene; | hraþe seoþðan wæs
æfter mundgripe | mece geþinged,
þæt hit sceadenmæl | scyran moste,
cwealmbealu cyðan. | Ne bið swylc cwenlic þeaw
idese to efnanne, | þeah ðe hio ænlicu sy,
þætte freoðuwebbe | feores onsæce
æfter ligetorne | leofne mannan.
Huru þæt onhohsnode | Hemminges mæg;
ealodrincende | oðer sædan,
þæt hio leodbealewa | læs gefremede,
inwitniða, | syððan ærest wearð
gyfen goldhroden | geongum cempan,
æðelum diore, | syððan hio Offan flet
ofer fealone flod | be fæder lare
siðe gesohte; | ðær hio syððan well
in gumstole, | gode, mære,
lifgesceafta | lifigende breac,
hiold heahlufan | wið hæleþa brego,
ealles moncynnes | mine gefræge
þone selestan | bi sæm tweonum,
eormencynnes. | Forðam Offa wæs
geofum ond guðum, | garcene man,
wide geweorðod, | wisdome heold
eðel sinne; | þonon Eomer woc
hæleðum to helpe, | Hemminges mæg,
nefa Garmundes, | niða cræftig.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
205-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 29] — Beowulf 205-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXVIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXVIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gewat him ða se hearda | mid his hondscole
sylf æfter sande | sæwong tredan,
wide waroðas. | Woruldcandel scan,
sigel suðan fus. | Hi sið drugon,
elne geeodon, | to ðæs ðe eorla hleo,
bonan Ongenþeoes | burgum in innan,
geongne guðcyning | godne gefrunon
hringas dælan. | Higelace wæs
sið Beowulfes | snude gecyðed,
þæt ðær on worðig | wigendra hleo,
lindgestealla, | lifigende cwom,
heaðolaces hal | to hofe gongan.
Hraðe wæs gerymed, | swa se rica bebead,
feðegestum | flet innanweard.
Gesæt þa wið sylfne | se ða sæcce genæs,
mæg wið mæge, | syððan mandryhten
þurh hleoðorcwyde | holdne gegrette,
meaglum wordum. | Meoduscencum hwearf
geond þæt healreced | Hæreðes dohtor,
lufode ða leode, | liðwæge bær
hæleðum to handa. | Higelac ongan
sinne geseldan | in sele þam hean
fægre fricgcean | (hyne fyrwet bræc,
hwylce Sægeata | siðas wæron):
"Hu lomp eow on lade, | leofa Biowulf,
þa ðu færinga | feorr gehogodest
sæcce secean | ofer sealt wæter,
hilde to Hiorote? | Ac ðu Hroðgare
widcuðne wean | wihte gebettest,
mærum ðeodne? | Ic ðæs modceare
sorhwylmum seað, | siðe ne truwode
leofes mannes; | ic ðe lange bæd
þæt ðu þone wælgæst | wihte ne grette,
lete Suðdene | sylfe geweorðan
guðe wið Grendel. | Gode ic þanc secge
þæs ðe ic ðe gesundne | geseon moste."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
210-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 30] — Beowulf 210-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
[XXVIIII-XXX] Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. [XXVIIII-XXX]

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Biowulf maðelode, | bearn Ecgðioes:
"þæt is undyrne, | dryhten Higelac,
micel gemeting, | monegum fira,
hwylc orleghwil | uncer Grendles
wearð on ðam wange, | þær he worna fela
Sigescyldingum | sorge gefremede,
yrmðe to aldre. | Ic ðæt eall gewræc,
swa begylpan ne þearf | Grendeles maga
ænig ofer eorðan | uhthlem þone,
se ðe lengest leofað | laðan cynnes,
facne bifongen. | Ic ðær furðum cwom
to ðam hringsele | Hroðgar gretan;
sona me se mæra | mago Healfdenes,
syððan he modsefan | minne cuðe,
wið his sylfes sunu | setl getæhte.
Weorod wæs on wynne; | ne seah ic widan feorh
under heofones hwealf | healsittendra
medudream maran. | Hwilum mæru cwen,
friðusibb folca, | flet eall geondhwearf,
bædde byre geonge; | oft hio beahwriðan
secge sealde, | ær hie to setle geong.
Hwilum for duguðe | dohtor Hroðgares
eorlum on ende | ealuwæge bær;
þa ic Freaware | fletsittende
nemnan hyrde, | þær hio nægled sinc
hæleðum sealde. | Sio gehaten is,
geong, goldhroden, | gladum suna Frodan;
hafað þæs geworden | wine Scyldinga,
rices hyrde, | ond þæt ræd talað,
þæt he mid ðy wife | wælfæhða dæl,
sæcca gesette. | Oft seldan hwær
æfter leodhryre | lytle hwile
bongar bugeð, | þeah seo bryd duge!
Mæg þæs þonne ofþyncan | ðeodne Heaðobeardna
ond þegna gehwam | þara leoda,
þonne he mid fæmnan | on flett gæð,
dryhtbearn Dena, | duguða biwenede;
on him gladiað | gomelra lafe,
heard ond hringmæl | Heaðabeardna gestreon
þenden hie ðam wæpnum | wealdan moston,
oððæt hie forlæddan | to ðam lindplegan
swæse gesiðas | ond hyra sylfra feorh.
þonne cwið æt beore | se ðe beah gesyhð,
eald æscwiga, | se ðe eall geman,
garcwealm gumena | (him bið grim sefa),
onginneð geomormod | geongum cempan
þurh hreðra gehygd | higes cunnian,
wigbealu weccean, | ond þæt word acwyð:
'Meaht ðu, min wine, | mece gecnawan
þone þin fæder | to gefeohte bær
under heregriman | hindeman siðe,
dyre iren, | þær hyne Dene slogon,
weoldon wælstowe, | syððan Wiðergyld læg,
æfter hæleþa hryre, | hwate Scyldungas?
Nu her þara banena | byre nathwylces
frætwum hremig | on flet gæð,
morðres gylpeð, | ond þone maðþum byreð,
þone þe ðu mid rihte | rædan sceoldest.'
Manað swa ond myndgað | mæla gehwylce
sarum wordum, | oððæt sæl cymeð
þæt se fæmnan þegn | fore fæder dædum
æfter billes bite | blodfag swefeð,
ealdres scyldig; | him se oðer þonan
losað lifigende, | con him land geare.
þonne bioð abrocene | on ba healfe
aðsweord eorla; | syððan Ingelde
weallað wælniðas, | ond him wiflufan
æfter cearwælmum | colran weorðað.
þy ic Heaðobeardna | hyldo ne telge,
dryhtsibbe dæl | Denum unfæcne,
freondscipe fæstne. | Ic sceal forð sprecan
gen ymbe Grendel, | þæt ðu geare cunne,
sinces brytta, | to hwan syððan wearð
hondræs hæleða. | Syððan heofones gim
glad ofer grundas, | gæst yrre cwom,
eatol, æfengrom, | user neosan,
ðær we gesunde | sæl weardodon.
þær wæs Hondscio | hild onsæge,
feorhbealu fægum; | he fyrmest læg,
gyrded cempa; | him Grendel wearð,
mærum maguþegne | to muðbonan,
leofes mannes | lic eall forswealg.
No ðy ær ut ða gen | idelhende
bona blodigtoð, | bealewa gemyndig,
of ðam goldsele | gongan wolde,
ac he mægnes rof | min costode,
grapode gearofolm. | Glof hangode
sid ond syllic, | searobendum fæst;
sio wæs orðoncum | eall gegyrwed
deofles cræftum | ond dracan fellum.
He mec þær on innan | unsynnigne,
dior dædfruma, | gedon wolde
manigra sumne; | hyt ne mihte swa,
syððan ic on yrre | uppriht astod.
To lang ys to reccenne | hu ic ðam leodsceaðan
yfla gehwylces | ondlean forgeald;
þær ic, þeoden min, | þine leode
weorðode weorcum. | He on weg losade,
lytle hwile | lifwynna breac;
hwæþre him sio swiðre | swaðe weardade
hand on Hiorte, | ond he hean ðonan
modes geomor | meregrund gefeoll.
Me þone wælræs | wine Scildunga
fættan golde | fela leanode,
manegum maðmum, | syððan mergen com
ond we to symble | geseten hæfdon.
þær wæs gidd ond gleo. | Gomela Scilding,
felafricgende, | feorran rehte;
hwilum hildedeor | hearpan wynne,
gomenwudu grette, | hwilum gyd awræc
soð ond sarlic, | hwilum syllic spell
rehte æfter rihte | rumheort cyning.
Hwilum eft ongan, | eldo gebunden,
gomel guðwiga | gioguðe cwiðan,
hildestrengo; | hreðer inne weoll,
þonne he wintrum frod | worn gemunde.
Swa we þær inne | ondlangne dæg
niode naman, | oððæt niht becwom
oðer to yldum. | þa wæs eft hraðe
gearo gyrnwræce | Grendeles modor,
siðode sorhfull; | sunu deað fornam,
wighete Wedra. | Wif unhyre
hyre bearn gewræc, | beorn acwealde
ellenlice; | þær wæs æschere,
frodan fyrnwitan, | feorh uðgenge.
Noðer hy hine ne moston, | syððan mergen cwom,
deaðwerigne, | Denia leode,
bronde forbærnan, | ne on bæl hladan
leofne mannan; | hio þæt lic ætbær
feondes fæðmum | under firgenstream.
þæt wæs Hroðgare | hreowa tornost
þara þe leodfruman | lange begeate.
þa se ðeoden mec | ðine life
healsode hreohmod, | þæt ic on holma geþring
eorlscipe efnde, | ealdre geneðde,
mærðo fremede; | he me mede gehet.
Ic ða ðæs wælmes, | þe is wide cuð,
grimne gryrelicne | grundhyrde fond;
þær unc hwile wæs | hand gemæne,
holm heolfre weoll, | ond ic heafde becearf
in ðam guðsele | Grendeles modor
eacnum ecgum, | unsofte þonan
feorh oðferede. | Næs ic fæge þa gyt,
ac me eorla hleo | eft gesealde
maðma menigeo, | maga Healfdenes.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
217-28 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 31] — Beowulf 217-28

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Swa se ðeodkyning | þeawum lyfde.
Nealles ic ðam leanum | forloren hæfde,
mægnes mede, | ac he me maðmas geaf,
sunu Healfdenes, | on minne sylfes dom;
ða ic ðe, beorncyning, | bringan wylle,
estum geywan. | Gen is eall æt ðe
lissa gelong; | ic lyt hafo
heafodmaga | nefne, Hygelac, ðec."
Het ða in beran | eaforheafodsegn,
heaðosteapne helm, | hare byrnan,
guðsweord geatolic, | gyd æfter wræc:
"Me ðis hildesceorp | Hroðgar sealde,
snotra fengel, | sume worde het
þæt ic his ærest ðe | est gesægde;
cwæð þæt hyt hæfde | Hiorogar cyning,
leod Scyldunga | lange hwile;
no ðy ær suna sinum | syllan wolde,
hwatum Heorowearde, | þeah he him hold wære,
breostgewædu. | Bruc ealles well!"
Hyrde ic þæt þam frætwum | feower mearas
lungre, gelice, | last weardode,
æppelfealuwe; | he him est geteah
meara ond maðma. | Swa sceal mæg don,
nealles inwitnet | oðrum bregdon
dyrnum cræfte, | deað renian
hondgesteallan. | Hygelace wæs,
niða heardum, | nefa swyðe hold,
ond gehwæðer oðrum | hroþra gemyndig.
Hyrde ic þæt he ðone healsbeah | Hygde gesealde,
wrætlicne wundurmaððum, | ðone þe him Wealhðeo geaf,
ðeodnes dohtor, | þrio wicg somod
swancor ond sadolbeorht; | hyre syððan wæs
æfter beahðege | breost geweorðod.
Swa bealdode | bearn Ecgðeowes,
guma guðum cuð, | godum dædum,
dreah æfter dome, | nealles druncne slog
heorðgeneatas; | næs him hreoh sefa,
ac he mancynnes | mæste cræfte
ginfæstan gife, | þe him god sealde,
heold hildedeor. | Hean wæs lange,
swa hyne Geata bearn | godne ne tealdon,
ne hyne on medobence | micles wyrðne
drihten Wedera | gedon wolde;
swyðe wendon | þæt he sleac wære,
æðeling unfrom. | Edwenden cwom
tireadigum menn | torna gehwylces.
Het ða eorla hleo | in gefetian,
heaðorof cyning, | Hreðles lafe
golde gegyrede; | næs mid Geatum ða
sincmaðþum selra | on sweordes had;
þæt he on Biowulfes | bearm alegde
ond him gesealde | seofan þusendo,
bold ond bregostol. | Him wæs bam samod
on ðam leodscipe | lond gecynde,
eard, eðelriht, | oðrum swiðor
side rice | þam ðær selra wæs.
Eft þæt geiode | ufaran dogrum
hildehlæmmum, | syððan Hygelac læg
ond Heardrede | hildemeceas
under bordhreoðan | to bonan wurdon,
ða hyne gesohtan | on sigeþeode
hearde hildefrecan, | Heaðoscilfingas,
niða genægdan | nefan Hererices,
syððan Beowulfe | brade rice
on hand gehwearf; | he geheold tela
fiftig wintra | (wæs ða frod cyning,
eald eþelweard), | oððæt an ongan
deorcum nihtum | draca ricsian,
se ðe on heaum hofe | hord beweotode,
stanbeorh steapne; | stig under læg,
eldum uncuð. | þær on innan giong
niða nathwylc, | se ðe neh gefeng
hæðnum horde, | hond ......,
since fahne. | He þæt syððan ......,
þeah ðe he slæpende | besyred wurde
þeofes cræfte; | þæt sie ðiod onfand,
bufolc beorna, | þæt he gebolgen wæs.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
229-33 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 32] — Beowulf 229-33

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nealles mid gewealdum | wyrmhord abræc
sylfes willum, | se ðe him sare gesceod,
ac for þreanedlan | þeow nathwylces
hæleða bearna | heteswengeas fleah,
ærnes þearfa, | ond ðær inne fealh,
secg synbysig, | sona onfunde
þæt þær ðam gyste | gryrebroga stod;
hwæðre earmsceapen |
...sceapen
þa hyne se fær begeat.
Sincfæt ......; | þær wæs swylcra fela
in ðam eorðhuse | ærgestreona,
swa hy on geardagum | gumena nathwylc,
eormenlafe | æþelan cynnes,
þanchycgende | þær gehydde,
deore maðmas. | Ealle hie deað fornam
ærran mælum, | ond se an ða gen
leoda duguðe, | se ðær lengest hwearf,
weard winegeomor, | wende þæs ylcan,
þæt he lytel fæc | longgestreona
brucan moste. | Beorh eallgearo
wunode on wonge | wæteryðum neah,
niwe be næsse, | nearocræftum fæst.
þær on innan bær | eorlgestreona
hringa hyrde | hordwyrðne dæl,
fættan goldes, | fea worda cwæð:
"Heald þu nu, hruse, | nu hæleð ne moston,
eorla æhte! | Hwæt, hyt ær on ðe
gode begeaton. | Guðdeað fornam,
feorhbealo frecne, | fyra gehwylcne
leoda minra, | þara ðe þis lif ofgeaf,
gesawon seledream. | Ic nah hwa sweord wege
oððe feormie | fæted wæge,
dryncfæt deore; | duguð ellor sceoc.
Sceal se hearda helm | hyrsted golde
fætum befeallen; | feormynd swefað,
þa ðe beadogriman | bywan sceoldon,
ge swylce seo herepad, | sio æt hilde gebad
ofer borda gebræc | bite irena,
brosnað æfter beorne. | Ne mæg byrnan hring
æfter wigfruman | wide feran,
hæleðum be healfe. | Næs hearpan wyn,
gomen gleobeames, | ne god hafoc
geond sæl swingeð, | ne se swifta mearh
burhstede beateð. | Bealocwealm hafað
fela feorhcynna | forð onsended!"
Swa giomormod | giohðo mænde
an æfter eallum, | unbliðe hwearf
dæges ond nihtes, | oððæt deaðes wylm
hran æt heortan. | Hordwynne fond
eald uhtsceaða | opene standan,
se ðe byrnende | biorgas seceð,
nacod niðdraca, | nihtes fleogeð
fyre befangen; | hyne foldbuend
swiðe ondrædað. | He gesecean sceall
hord on hrusan, | þær he hæðen gold
warað wintrum frod, | ne byð him wihte ðy sel.
Swa se ðeodsceaða | þreo hund wintra
heold on hrusan | hordærna sum,
eacencræftig, | oððæt hyne an abealch
mon on mode; | mandryhtne bær
fæted wæge, | frioðowære bæd
hlaford sinne. | ða wæs hord rasod,
onboren beaga hord, | bene getiðad
feasceaftum men. | Frea sceawode
fira fyrngeweorc | forman siðe.
þa se wyrm onwoc, | wroht wæs geniwad;
stonc ða æfter stane, | stearcheort onfand
feondes fotlast; | he to forð gestop
dyrnan cræfte | dracan heafde neah.
Swa mæg unfæge | eaðe gedigan
wean ond wræcsið, | se ðe waldendes
hyldo gehealdeþ! | Hordweard sohte
georne æfter grunde, | wolde guman findan,
þone þe him on sweofote | sare geteode,
hat ond hreohmod | hlæw oft ymbehwearf
ealne utanweardne, | ne ðær ænig mon
on þære westenne; | hwæðre wiges gefeh,
beaduwe weorces, | hwilum on beorh æthwearf,
sincfæt sohte. | He þæt sona onfand
ðæt hæfde gumena sum | goldes gefandod,
heahgestreona. | Hordweard onbad
earfoðlice | oððæt æfen cwom;
wæs ða gebolgen | beorges hyrde,
wolde se laða | lige forgyldan
drincfæt dyre. | þa wæs dæg sceacen
wyrme on willan; | no on wealle læg,
bidan wolde, | ac mid bæle for,
fyre gefysed. | Wæs se fruma egeslic
leodum on lande, | swa hyt lungre wearð
on hyra sincgifan | sare geendod.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
234-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 33] — Beowulf 234-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða se gæst ongan | gledum spiwan,
beorht hofu bærnan; | bryneleoma stod
eldum on andan. | No ðær aht cwices
lað lyftfloga | læfan wolde.
Wæs þæs wyrmes wig | wide gesyne,
nearofages nið | nean ond feorran,
hu se guðsceaða | Geata leode
hatode ond hynde; | hord eft gesceat,
dryhtsele dyrnne, | ær dæges hwile.
Hæfde landwara | lige befangen,
bæle ond bronde, | beorges getruwode,
wiges ond wealles; | him seo wen geleah.
þa wæs Biowulfe | broga gecyðed
snude to soðe, | þæt his sylfes ham,
bolda selest, | brynewylmum mealt,
gifstol Geata. | þæt ðam godan wæs
hreow on hreðre, | hygesorga mæst;
wende se wisa | þæt he wealdende
ofer ealde riht, | ecean dryhtne,
bitre gebulge. | Breost innan weoll
þeostrum geþoncum, | swa him geþywe ne wæs.
Hæfde ligdraca | leoda fæsten,
ealond utan, | eorðweard ðone
gledum forgrunden; | him ðæs guðkyning,
Wedera þioden, | wræce leornode.
Heht him þa gewyrcean | wigendra hleo
eallirenne, | eorla dryhten,
wigbord wrætlic; | wisse he gearwe
þæt him holtwudu | helpan ne meahte,
lind wið lige. | Sceolde lændaga
æþeling ærgod | ende gebidan,
worulde lifes, | ond se wyrm somod,
þeah ðe hordwelan | heolde lange.
Oferhogode ða | hringa fengel
þæt he þone widflogan | weorode gesohte,
sidan herge; | no he him þa sæcce ondred,
ne him þæs wyrmes wig | for wiht dyde,
eafoð ond ellen, | forðon he ær fela
nearo neðende | niða gedigde,
hildehlemma, | syððan he Hroðgares,
sigoreadig secg, | sele fælsode
ond æt guðe forgrap | Grendeles mægum
laðan cynnes. | No þæt læsest wæs
hondgemota, | þær mon Hygelac sloh,
syððan Geata cyning | guðe ræsum,
freawine folca | Freslondum on,
Hreðles eafora | hiorodryncum swealt,
bille gebeaten. | þonan Biowulf com
sylfes cræfte, | sundnytte dreah;
hæfde him on earme | ana XXX
hildegeatwa, | þa he to holme beag.
Nealles Hetware | hremge þorfton
feðewiges, | þe him foran ongean
linde bæron; | lyt eft becwom
fram þam hildfrecan | hames niosan.
Oferswam ða sioleða bigong | sunu Ecgðeowes,
earm anhaga, | eft to leodum;
þær him Hygd gebead | hord ond rice,
beagas ond bregostol, | bearne ne truwode
þæt he wið ælfylcum | eþelstolas
healdan cuðe, | ða wæs Hygelac dead.
No ðy ær feasceafte | findan meahton
æt ðam æðelinge | ænige ðinga,
þæt he Heardrede | hlaford wære
oððe þone cynedom | ciosan wolde;
hwæðre he him on folce | freondlarum heold,
estum mid are, | oððæt he yldra wearð,
Wedergeatum weold. | Hyne wræcmæcgas
ofer sæ sohtan, | suna Ohteres;
hæfdon hy forhealden | helm Scylfinga,
þone selestan | sæcyninga
þara ðe in Swiorice | sinc brytnade,
mærne þeoden. | Him þæt to mearce wearð;
he þær for feorme | feorhwunde hleat
sweordes swengum, | sunu Hygelaces,
ond him eft gewat | Ongenðioes bearn
hames niosan, | syððan Heardred læg,
let ðone bregostol | Biowulf healdan,
Geatum wealdan. | þæt wæs god cyning!

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
244-57 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 34] — Beowulf 244-57

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXIIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXIIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Se ðæs leodhryres | lean gemunde
uferan dogrum, | Eadgilse wearð
feasceaftum freond, | folce gestepte
ofer sæ side | sunu Ohteres,
wigum ond wæpnum; | he gewræc syððan
cealdum cearsiðum, | cyning ealdre bineat.
Swa he niða gehwane | genesen hæfde,
sliðra geslyhta, | sunu Ecgðiowes,
ellenweorca, | oð ðone anne dæg
þe he wið þam wyrme | gewegan sceolde.
Gewat þa XIIa sum | torne gebolgen
dryhten Geata | dracan sceawian.
Hæfde þa gefrunen | hwanan sio fæhð aras,
bealonið biorna; | him to bearme cwom
maðþumfæt mære | þurh ðæs meldan hond.
Se wæs on ðam ðreate | þreotteoða secg,
se ðæs orleges | or onstealde,
hæft hygegiomor, | sceolde hean ðonon
wong wisian. | He ofer willan giong
to ðæs ðe he eorðsele | anne wisse,
hlæw under hrusan | holmwylme neh,
yðgewinne; | se wæs innan full
wrætta ond wira. | Weard unhiore,
gearo guðfreca, | goldmaðmas heold,
eald under eorðan. | Næs þæt yðe ceap
to gegangenne | gumena ænigum!
Gesæt ða on næsse | niðheard cyning,
þenden hælo abead | heorðgeneatum,
goldwine Geata. | Him wæs geomor sefa,
wæfre ond wælfus, | wyrd ungemete neah,
se ðone gomelan | gretan sceolde,
secean sawle hord, | sundur gedælan
lif wið lice, | no þon lange wæs
feorh æþelinges | flæsce bewunden.
Biowulf maþelade, | bearn Ecgðeowes:
"Fela ic on giogoðe | guðræsa genæs,
orleghwila; | ic þæt eall gemon.
Ic wæs syfanwintre, | þa mec sinca baldor,
freawine folca, | æt minum fæder genam;
heold mec ond hæfde | Hreðel cyning,
geaf me sinc ond symbel, | sibbe gemunde.
Næs ic him to life | laðra owihte,
beorn in burgum, | þonne his bearna hwylc,
Herebeald ond Hæðcyn | oððe Hygelac min.
Wæs þam yldestan | ungedefelice
mæges dædum | morþorbed stred,
syððan hyne Hæðcyn | of hornbogan,
his freawine, | flane geswencte,
miste mercelses | ond his mæg ofscet,
broðor oðerne | blodigan gare.
þæt wæs feohleas gefeoht, | fyrenum gesyngad,
hreðre hygemeðe; | sceolde hwæðre swa þeah
æðeling unwrecen | ealdres linnan.
Swa bið geomorlic | gomelum ceorle
to gebidanne, | þæt his byre ride
giong on galgan, | þonne he gyd wrece,
sarigne sang, | þonne his sunu hangað
hrefne to hroðre, | ond he him helpe ne mæg,
eald ond infrod, | ænige gefremman.
Symble bið gemyndgad | morna gehwylce
eaforan ellorsið; | oðres ne gymeð
to gebidanne | burgum in innan
yrfeweardas, | þonne se an hafað
þurh deaðes nyd | dæda gefondad.
Gesyhð sorhcearig | on his suna bure
winsele westne, | windge reste
reote berofene. | Ridend swefað,
hæleð in hoðman; | nis þær hearpan sweg,
gomen in geardum, | swylce ðær iu wæron.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
258-61 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 35] — Beowulf 258-61

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXV Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXV

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gewiteð þonne on sealman, | sorhleoð gæleð
an æfter anum; | þuhte him eall to rum,
wongas ond wicstede. | Swa Wedra helm
æfter Herebealde | heortan sorge
weallende wæg. | Wihte ne meahte
on ðam feorhbonan | fæghðe gebetan;
no ðy ær he þone heaðorinc | hatian ne meahte
laðum dædum, | þeah him leof ne wæs.
He ða mid þære sorhge, | þe him swa sar belamp,
gumdream ofgeaf, | godes leoht geceas,
eaferum læfde, | swa deð eadig mon,
lond ond leodbyrig, | þa he of life gewat.
þa wæs synn ond sacu | Sweona ond Geata
ofer wid wæter, | wroht gemæne,
herenið hearda, | syððan Hreðel swealt,
oððe him Ongenðeowes | eaferan wæran
frome, fyrdhwate, | freode ne woldon
ofer heafo healdan, | ac ymb Hreosnabeorh
eatolne inwitscear | oft gefremedon.
þæt mægwine | mine gewræcan,
fæhðe ond fyrene, | swa hyt gefræge wæs,
þeah ðe oðer his | ealdre gebohte,
heardan ceape; | Hæðcynne wearð,
Geata dryhtne, | guð onsæge.
þa ic on morgne gefrægn | mæg oðerne
billes ecgum | on bonan stælan,
þær Ongenþeow | Eofores niosað.
Guðhelm toglad, | gomela Scylfing
hreas hildeblac; | hond gemunde
fæhðo genoge, | feorhsweng ne ofteah.
Ic him þa maðmas, | þe he me sealde,
geald æt guðe, | swa me gifeðe wæs,
leohtan sweorde; | he me lond forgeaf,
eard, eðelwyn. | Næs him ænig þearf
þæt he to Gifðum | oððe to Gardenum
oððe in Swiorice | secean þurfe
wyrsan wigfrecan, | weorðe gecypan.
Symle ic him on feðan | beforan wolde,
ana on orde, | ond swa to aldre sceall
sæcce fremman, | þenden þis sweord þolað,
þæt mec ær ond sið | oft gelæste.
Syððan ic for dugeðum | Dæghrefne wearð
to handbonan, | Huga cempan;
nalles he ða frætwe | Frescyninge,
breostweorðunge, | bringan moste,
ac in compe gecrong | cumbles hyrde,
æþeling on elne; | ne wæs ecg bona,
ac him hildegrap | heortan wylmas,
banhus gebræc. | Nu sceall billes ecg,
hond ond heard sweord, | ymb hord wigan."
Beowulf maðelode, | beotwordum spræc
niehstan siðe: | "Ic geneðde fela
guða on geogoðe; | gyt ic wylle,
frod folces weard, | fæhðe secan,
mærðu fremman, | gif mec se mansceaða
of eorðsele | ut geseceð."
Gegrette ða | gumena gehwylcne,
hwate helmberend, | hindeman siðe,
swæse gesiðas: | "Nolde ic sweord beran,
wæpen to wyrme, | gif ic wiste hu
wið ðam aglæcean | elles meahte
gylpe wiðgripan, | swa ic gio wið Grendle dyde.
Ac ic ðær heaðufyres | hates wene,
oreðes ond attres; | forðon ic me on hafu
bord ond byrnan. | Nelle ic beorges weard
forfleon fotes trem, | ac unc furður sceal
weorðan æt wealle, | swa unc wyrd geteoð,
metod manna gehwæs. | Ic eom on mode from
þæt ic wið þone guðflogan | gylp ofersitte.
Gebide ge on beorge | byrnum werede,
secgas on searwum, | hwæðer sel mæge
æfter wælræse | wunde gedygan
uncer twega. | Nis þæt eower sið
ne gemet mannes, | nefne min anes,
þæt he wið aglæcean | eofoðo dæle,
eorlscype efne. | Ic mid elne sceall
gold gegangan, | oððe guð nimeð,
feorhbealu frecne, | frean eowerne!"
Aras ða bi ronde | rof oretta,
heard under helme, | hiorosercean bær
under stancleofu, | strengo getruwode
anes mannes. | Ne bið swylc earges sið!
Geseah ða be wealle | se ðe worna fela,
gumcystum god, | guða gedigde,
hildehlemma, | þonne hnitan feðan,
stondan stanbogan, | stream ut þonan
brecan of beorge. | Wæs þære burnan wælm
heaðofyrum hat; | ne meahte horde neah
unbyrnende | ænige hwile
deop gedygan | for dracan lege.
Let ða of breostum, | ða he gebolgen wæs,
Wedergeata leod | word ut faran,
stearcheort styrmde; | stefn in becom
heaðotorht hlynnan | under harne stan.
Hete wæs onhrered, | hordweard oncniow
mannes reorde; | næs ðær mara fyrst
freode to friclan. | From ærest cwom
oruð aglæcean | ut of stane,
hat hildeswat. | Hruse dynede.
Biorn under beorge | bordrand onswaf
wið ðam gryregieste, | Geata dryhten;
ða wæs hringbogan | heorte gefysed
sæcce to seceanne. | Sweord ær gebræd
god guðcyning, | gomele lafe,
ecgum unslaw; | æghwæðrum wæs
bealohycgendra | broga fram oðrum.
Stiðmod gestod | wið steapne rond
winia bealdor, | ða se wyrm gebeah
snude tosomne; | he on searwum bad.
Gewat ða byrnende | gebogen scriðan,
to gescipe scyndan. | Scyld wel gebearg
life ond lice | læssan hwile
mærum þeodne | þonne his myne sohte,
ðær he þy fyrste, | forman dogore
wealdan moste | swa him wyrd ne gescraf
hreð æt hilde. | Hond up abræd
Geata dryhten, | gryrefahne sloh
incgelafe, | þæt sio ecg gewac
brun on bane, | bat unswiðor
þonne his ðiodcyning | þearfe hæfde,
bysigum gebæded. | þa wæs beorges weard
æfter heaðuswenge | on hreoum mode,
wearp wælfyre; | wide sprungon
hildeleoman. | Hreðsigora ne gealp
goldwine Geata; | guðbill geswac,
nacod æt niðe, | swa hyt no sceolde,
iren ærgod. | Ne wæs þæt eðe sið,
þæt se mæra | maga Ecgðeowes
grundwong þone | ofgyfan wolde;
sceolde ofer willan | wic eardian
elles hwergen, | swa sceal æghwylc mon
alætan lændagas. | Næs ða long to ðon
þæt ða aglæcean hy | eft gemetton.
Hyrte hyne hordweard | (hreðer æðme weoll)
niwan stefne; | nearo ðrowode,
fyre befongen, | se ðe ær folce weold.
Nealles him on heape | handgesteallan,
æðelinga bearn, | ymbe gestodon
hildecystum, | ac hy on holt bugon,
ealdre burgan. | Hiora in anum weoll
sefa wið sorgum; | sibb æfre ne mæg
wiht onwendan | þam ðe wel þenceð.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
262-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 36] — Beowulf 262-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXVI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXVI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Wiglaf wæs haten | Weoxstanes sunu,
leoflic lindwiga, | leod Scylfinga,
mæg ælfheres; | geseah his mondryhten
under heregriman | hat þrowian.
Gemunde ða ða are | þe he him ær forgeaf,
wicstede weligne | Wægmundinga,
folcrihta gehwylc, | swa his fæder ahte.
Ne mihte ða forhabban; | hond rond gefeng,
geolwe linde, | gomel swyrd geteah,
þæt wæs mid eldum | Eanmundes laf,
suna Ohteres. | þam æt sæcce wearð,
wræccan wineleasum, | Weohstan bana
meces ecgum, | ond his magum ætbær
brunfagne helm, | hringde byrnan,
eald sweord etonisc; | þæt him Onela forgeaf,
his gædelinges | guðgewædu,
fyrdsearo fuslic, | no ymbe ða fæhðe spræc,
þeah ðe he his broðor bearn | abredwade.
He frætwe geheold | fela missera,
bill ond byrnan, | oððæt his byre mihte
eorlscipe efnan | swa his ærfæder;
geaf him ða mid Geatum | guðgewæda,
æghwæs unrim, | þa he of ealdre gewat,
frod on forðweg. | þa wæs forma sið
geongan cempan, | þæt he guðe ræs
mid his freodryhtne | fremman sceolde.
Ne gemealt him se modsefa, | ne his mæges laf
gewac æt wige; | þæt se wyrm onfand,
syððan hie togædre | gegan hæfdon.
Wiglaf maðelode, | wordrihta fela
sægde gesiðum | (him wæs sefa geomor):
"Ic ðæt mæl geman, | þær we medu þegun,
þonne we geheton | ussum hlaforde
in biorsele, | ðe us ðas beagas geaf,
þæt we him ða guðgetawa | gyldan woldon
gif him þyslicu | þearf gelumpe,
helmas ond heard sweord. | ðe he usic on herge geceas
to ðyssum siðfate | sylfes willum,
onmunde usic mærða, | ond me þas maðmas geaf,
þe he usic garwigend | gode tealde,
hwate helmberend, | þeah ðe hlaford us
þis ellenweorc | ana aðohte
to gefremmanne, | folces hyrde,
for ðam he manna mæst | mærða gefremede,
dæda dollicra. | Nu is se dæg cumen
þæt ure mandryhten | mægenes behofað,
godra guðrinca; | wutun gongan to,
helpan hildfruman, | þenden hyt sy,
gledegesa grim. | God wat on mec
þæt me is micle leofre | þæt minne lichaman
mid minne goldgyfan | gled fæðmie.
Ne þynceð me gerysne | þæt we rondas beren
eft to earde, | nemne we æror mægen
fane gefyllan, | feorh ealgian
Wedra ðeodnes. | Ic wat geare
þæt næron ealdgewyrht, | þæt he ana scyle
Geata duguðe | gnorn þrowian,
gesigan æt sæcce; | urum sceal sweord ond helm,
byrne ond beaduscrud, | bam gemæne."
Wod þa þurh þone wælrec, | wigheafolan bær
frean on fultum, | fea worda cwæð:
"Leofa Biowulf, | læst eall tela,
swa ðu on geoguðfeore | geara gecwæde
þæt ðu ne alæte | be ðe lifigendum
dom gedreosan. | Scealt nu dædum rof,
æðeling anhydig, | ealle mægene
feorh ealgian; | ic ðe fullæstu."
æfter ðam wordum | wyrm yrre cwom,
atol inwitgæst, | oðre siðe
fyrwylmum fah | fionda niosian,
laðra manna; | ligyðum for.
Born bord wið rond, | byrne ne meahte
geongum garwigan | geoce gefremman,
ac se maga geonga | under his mæges scyld
elne geeode, | þa his agen wæs
gledum forgrunden. | þa gen guðcyning
mærða gemunde, | mægenstrengo sloh
hildebille, | þæt hyt on heafolan stod
niþe genyded; | Nægling forbærst,
geswac æt sæcce | sweord Biowulfes,
gomol ond grægmæl. | Him þæt gifeðe ne wæs
þæt him irenna | ecge mihton
helpan æt hilde; | wæs sio hond to strong,
se ðe meca gehwane, | mine gefræge,
swenge ofersohte, | þonne he to sæcce bær
wæpen wundrum heard; | næs him wihte ðe sel.
þa wæs þeodsceaða | þriddan siðe,
frecne fyrdraca, | fæhða gemyndig,
ræsde on ðone rofan, | þa him rum ageald,
hat ond heaðogrim, | heals ealne ymbefeng
biteran banum; | he geblodegod wearð
sawuldriore, | swat yðum weoll.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
267-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 37] — Beowulf 267-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXVII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXVII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða ic æt þearfe gefrægn | þeodcyninges
andlongne eorl | ellen cyðan,
cræft ond cenðu, | swa him gecynde wæs.
Ne hedde he þæs heafolan, | ac sio hand gebarn
modiges mannes, | þær he his mæges healp,
þæt he þone niðgæst | nioðor hwene sloh,
secg on searwum, | þæt ðæt sweord gedeaf,
fah ond fæted, | þæt ðæt fyr ongon
sweðrian syððan. | þa gen sylf cyning
geweold his gewitte, | wællseaxe gebræd
biter ond beaduscearp, | þæt he on byrnan wæg;
forwrat Wedra helm | wyrm on middan.
Feond gefyldan | (ferh ellen wræc),
ond hi hyne þa begen | abroten hæfdon,
sibæðelingas. | Swylc sceolde secg wesan,
þegn æt ðearfe! | þæt ðam þeodne wæs
siðast sigehwila | sylfes dædum,
worlde geweorces. | ða sio wund ongon,
þe him se eorðdraca | ær geworhte,
swelan ond swellan; | he þæt sona onfand,
þæt him on breostum | bealoniðe weoll
attor on innan. | ða se æðeling giong
þæt he bi wealle | wishycgende
gesæt on sesse; | seah on enta geweorc,
hu ða stanbogan | stapulum fæste
ece eorðreced | innan healde.
Hyne þa mid handa | heorodreorigne,
þeoden mærne, | þegn ungemete till
winedryhten his | wætere gelafede,
hilde sædne, | ond his helm onspeon.
Biowulf maþelode | (he ofer benne spræc,
wunde wælbleate; | wisse he gearwe
þæt he dæghwila | gedrogen hæfde,
eorðan wynne; | ða wæs eall sceacen
dogorgerimes, | deað ungemete neah):
"Nu ic suna minum | syllan wolde
guðgewædu, | þær me gifeðe swa
ænig yrfeweard | æfter wurde
lice gelenge. | Ic ðas leode heold
fiftig wintra; | næs se folccyning,
ymbesittendra | ænig ðara,
þe mec guðwinum | gretan dorste,
egesan ðeon. | Ic on earde bad
mælgesceafta, | heold min tela,
ne sohte searoniðas, | ne me swor fela
aða on unriht. | Ic ðæs ealles mæg
feorhbennum seoc | gefean habban;
for ðam me witan ne ðearf | waldend fira
morðorbealo maga, | þonne min sceaceð
lif of lice. | Nu ðu lungre geong
hord sceawian | under harne stan,
Wiglaf leofa, | nu se wyrm ligeð,
swefeð sare wund, | since bereafod.
Bio nu on ofoste, | þæt ic ærwelan,
goldæht ongite, | gearo sceawige
swegle searogimmas, | þæt ic ðy seft mæge
æfter maððumwelan | min alætan
lif ond leodscipe, | þone ic longe heold."

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
270-85 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 38] — Beowulf 270-85

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XXXVIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XXXVIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða ic snude gefrægn | sunu Wihstanes
æfter wordcwydum | wundum dryhtne
hyran heaðosiocum, | hringnet beran,
brogdne beadusercean | under beorges hrof.
Geseah ða sigehreðig, | þa he bi sesse geong,
magoþegn modig | maððumsigla fealo,
gold glitinian | grunde getenge,
wundur on wealle, | ond þæs wyrmes denn,
ealdes uhtflogan, | orcas stondan,
fyrnmanna fatu | feormendlease,
hyrstum behrorene; | þær wæs helm monig
eald ond omig, | earmbeaga fela
searwum gesæled. | Sinc eaðe mæg,
gold on grunde, | gumcynnes gehwone
oferhigian, | hyde se ðe wylle.
Swylce he siomian geseah | segn eallgylden
heah ofer horde, | hondwundra mæst,
gelocen leoðocræftum; | of ðam leoma stod,
þæt he þone grundwong | ongitan meahte,
wræte giondwlitan. | Næs ðæs wyrmes þær
onsyn ænig, | ac hyne ecg fornam.
ða ic on hlæwe gefrægn | hord reafian,
eald enta geweorc, | anne mannan,
him on bearm hladon | bunan ond discas
sylfes dome; | segn eac genom,
beacna beorhtost. | Bill ær gescod
(ecg wæs iren) | ealdhlafordes
þam ðara maðma | mundbora wæs
longe hwile, | ligegesan wæg
hatne for horde, | hioroweallende
middelnihtum, | oðþæt he morðre swealt.
Ar wæs on ofoste, | eftsiðes georn,
frætwum gefyrðred; | hyne fyrwet bræc,
hwæðer collenferð | cwicne gemette
in ðam wongstede | Wedra þeoden
ellensiocne, | þær he hine ær forlet.
He ða mid þam maðmum | mærne þioden,
dryhten sinne, | driorigne fand
ealdres æt ende; | he hine eft ongon
wæteres weorpan, | oðþæt wordes ord
breosthord þurhbræc. |
gomel on giohðe | (gold sceawode):
"Ic ðara frætwa | frean ealles ðanc,
wuldurcyninge, | wordum secge,
ecum dryhtne, | þe ic her on starie,
þæs ðe ic moste | minum leodum
ær swyltdæge | swylc gestrynan.
Nu ic on maðma hord | mine bebohte
frode feorhlege, | fremmað gena
leoda þearfe; | ne mæg ic her leng wesan.
Hatað heaðomære | hlæw gewyrcean
beorhtne æfter bæle | æt brimes nosan;
se scel to gemyndum | minum leodum
heah hlifian | on Hronesnæsse,
þæt hit sæliðend | syððan hatan
Biowulfes biorh, | ða ðe brentingas
ofer floda genipu | feorran drifað."
Dyde him of healse | hring gyldenne
þioden þristhydig, | þegne gesealde,
geongum garwigan, | goldfahne helm,
beah ond byrnan, | het hyne brucan well:
"þu eart endelaf | usses cynnes,
Wægmundinga. | Ealle wyrd forsweop
mine magas | to metodsceafte,
eorlas on elne; | ic him æfter sceal."
þæt wæs þam gomelan | gingæste word
breostgehygdum, | ær he bæl cure,
hate heaðowylmas; | him of hreðre gewat
sawol secean | soðfæstra dom.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
286-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 39] — Beowulf 286-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
[XXXVIIII] Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. [XXXVIIII]

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

ða wæs gegongen | guman unfrodum
earfoðlice, | þæt he on eorðan geseah
þone leofestan | lifes æt ende
bleate gebæran. | Bona swylce læg,
egeslic eorðdraca | ealdre bereafod,
bealwe gebæded. | Beahhordum leng
wyrm wohbogen | wealdan ne moste,
ac hine irenna | ecga fornamon,
hearde, heaðoscearde | homera lafe,
þæt se widfloga | wundum stille
hreas on hrusan | hordærne neah.
Nalles æfter lyfte | lacende hwearf
middelnihtum, | maðmæhta wlonc
ansyn ywde, | ac he eorðan gefeoll
for ðæs hildfruman | hondgeweorce.
Huru þæt on lande | lyt manna ðah,
mægenagendra, | mine gefræge,
þeah ðe he dæda gehwæs | dyrstig wære,
þæt he wið attorsceaðan | oreðe geræsde,
oððe hringsele | hondum styrede,
gif he wæccende | weard onfunde
buon on beorge. | Biowulfe wearð
dryhtmaðma dæl | deaðe forgolden;
hæfde æghwæðer | ende gefered
lænan lifes. | Næs ða lang to ðon
þæt ða hildlatan | holt ofgefan,
tydre treowlogan | tyne ætsomne.
ða ne dorston ær | dareðum lacan
on hyra mandryhtnes | miclan þearfe,
ac hy scamiende | scyldas bæran,
guðgewædu, | þær se gomela læg,
wlitan on Wilaf. | He gewergad sæt,
feðecempa, | frean eaxlum neah,
wehte hyne wætre; | him wiht ne speow.
Ne meahte he on eorðan, | ðeah he uðe wel,
on ðam frumgare | feorh gehealdan,
ne ðæs wealdendes | wiht oncirran;
wolde dom godes | dædum rædan
gumena gehwylcum, | swa he nu gen deð.
þa wæs æt ðam geongan | grim ondswaru
eðbegete | þam ðe ær his elne forleas.
Wiglaf maðelode, | Weohstanes sunu,
sec, sarigferð | (seah on unleofe):
"þæt, la, mæg secgan | se ðe wyle soð specan
þæt se mondryhten | se eow ða maðmas geaf,
eoredgeatwe, | þe ge þær on standað,
þonne he on ealubence | oft gesealde
healsittendum | helm ond byrnan,
þeoden his þegnum, | swylce he þrydlicost
ower feor oððe neah | findan meahte,
þæt he genunga | guðgewædu
wraðe forwurpe, | ða hyne wig beget.
Nealles folccyning | fyrdgesteallum
gylpan þorfte; | hwæðre him god uðe,
sigora waldend, | þæt he hyne sylfne gewræc
ana mid ecge, | þa him wæs elnes þearf.
Ic him lifwraðe | lytle meahte
ætgifan æt guðe, | ond ongan swa þeah
ofer min gemet | mæges helpan;
symle wæs þy sæmra, | þonne ic sweorde drep
ferhðgeniðlan, | fyr unswiðor
weoll of gewitte. | Wergendra to lyt
þrong ymbe þeoden, | þa hyne sio þrag becwom.
Nu sceal sincþego | ond swyrdgifu,
eall eðelwyn | eowrum cynne,
lufen alicgean; | londrihtes mot
þære mægburge | monna æghwylc
idel hweorfan, | syððan æðelingas
feorran gefricgean | fleam eowerne,
domleasan dæd. | Deað bið sella
eorla gehwylcum | þonne edwitlif!"

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
290-2 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 40] — Beowulf 290-2

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XL Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XL

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Heht ða þæt heaðoweorc | to hagan biodan
up ofer ecgclif, | þær þæt eorlweorod
morgenlongne dæg | modgiomor sæt,
bordhæbbende, | bega on wenum,
endedogores | ond eftcymes
leofes monnes. | Lyt swigode
niwra spella | se ðe næs gerad,
ac he soðlice | sægde ofer ealle:
"Nu is wilgeofa | Wedra leoda,
dryhten Geata, | deaðbedde fæst,
wunað wælreste | wyrmes dædum.
Him on efn ligeð | ealdorgewinna
sexbennum seoc; | sweorde ne meahte
on ðam aglæcean | ænige þinga
wunde gewyrcean. | Wiglaf siteð
ofer Biowulfe, | byre Wihstanes,
eorl ofer oðrum | unlifigendum,
healdeð higemæðum | heafodwearde
leofes ond laðes. | Nu ys leodum wen
orleghwile, | syððan underne
Froncum ond Frysum | fyll cyninges
wide weorðeð. | Wæs sio wroht scepen
heard wið Hugas, | syððan Higelac cwom
faran flotherge | on Fresna land,
þær hyne Hetware | hilde genægdon,
elne geeodon | mid ofermægene,
þæt se byrnwiga | bugan sceolde,
feoll on feðan, | nalles frætwe geaf
ealdor dugoðe. | Us wæs a syððan
Merewioingas | milts ungyfeðe.
Ne ic to Sweoðeode | sibbe oððe treowe
wihte ne wene, | ac wæs wide cuð
þætte Ongenðio | ealdre besnyðede
Hæðcen Hreþling | wið Hrefnawudu,
þa for onmedlan | ærest gesohton
Geata leode | Guðscilfingas.
Sona him se froda | fæder Ohtheres,
eald ond egesfull, | ondslyht ageaf,
abreot brimwisan, | bryd ahredde,
gomela iomeowlan | golde berofene,
Onelan modor | ond Ohtheres,
ond ða folgode | feorhgeniðlan,
oððæt hi oðeodon | earfoðlice
in Hrefnesholt | hlafordlease.
Besæt ða sinherge | sweorda lafe,
wundum werge, | wean oft gehet
earmre teohhe | ondlonge niht,
cwæð, he on mergenne | meces ecgum
getan wolde, | sum on galgtreowum
fuglum to gamene. | Frofor eft gelamp
sarigmodum | somod ærdæge,
syððan hie Hygelaces | horn ond byman,
gealdor ongeaton, | þa se goda com
leoda dugoðe | on last faran.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
293-300 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 41] — Beowulf 293-300

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XLI Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XLI

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Wæs sio swatswaðu | Sweona ond Geata,
wælræs weora | wide gesyne,
hu ða folc mid him | fæhðe towehton.
Gewat him ða se goda | mid his gædelingum,
frod, felageomor, | fæsten secean,
eorl Ongenþio, | ufor oncirde;
hæfde Higelaces | hilde gefrunen,
wlonces wigcræft, | wiðres ne truwode,
þæt he sæmannum | onsacan mihte,
heaðoliðendum | hord forstandan,
bearn ond bryde; | beah eft þonan
eald under eorðweall. | þa wæs æht boden
Sweona leodum, | segn Higelaces
freoðowong þone | forð ofereodon,
syððan Hreðlingas | to hagan þrungon.
þær wearð Ongenðiow | ecgum sweorda,
blondenfexa, | on bid wrecen,
þæt se þeodcyning | ðafian sceolde
Eafores anne dom. | Hyne yrringa
Wulf Wonreding | wæpne geræhte,
þæt him for swenge | swat ædrum sprong
forð under fexe. | Næs he forht swa ðeh,
gomela Scilfing, | ac forgeald hraðe
wyrsan wrixle | wælhlem þone,
syððan ðeodcyning | þyder oncirde.
Ne meahte se snella | sunu Wonredes
ealdum ceorle | ondslyht giofan,
ac he him on heafde | helm ær gescer,
þæt he blode fah | bugan sceolde,
feoll on foldan; | næs he fæge þa git,
ac he hyne gewyrpte, | þeah ðe him wund hrine.
Let se hearda | Higelaces þegn
bradne mece, | þa his broðor læg,
eald sweord eotonisc, | entiscne helm
brecan ofer bordweal; | ða gebeah cyning,
folces hyrde, | wæs in feorh dropen.
ða wæron monige | þe his mæg wriðon,
ricone arærdon, | ða him gerymed wearð
þæt hie wælstowe | wealdan moston.
þenden reafode | rinc oðerne,
nam on Ongenðio | irenbyrnan,
heard swyrd hilted | ond his helm somod,
hares hyrste | Higelace bær.
He ðam frætwum feng | ond him fægre gehet
leana mid leodum, | ond gelæste swa;
geald þone guðræs | Geata dryhten,
Hreðles eafora, | þa he to ham becom,
Iofore ond Wulfe | mid ofermaðmum,
sealde hiora gehwæðrum | hund þusenda
landes ond locenra beaga | (ne ðorfte him ða lean oðwitan
mon on middangearde), | syððan hie ða mærða geslogon,
ond ða Iofore forgeaf | angan dohtor,
hamweorðunge, | hyldo to wedde.
þæt ys sio fæhðo | ond se feondscipe,
wælnið wera, | ðæs ðe ic wen hafo,
þe us seceað to | Sweona leoda,
syððan hie gefricgeað | frean userne
ealdorleasne, | þone ðe ær geheold
wið hettendum | hord ond rice
æfter hæleða hryre, | hwate Scildingas,
folcred fremede | oððe furður gen
eorlscipe efnde. | Nu is ofost betost
þæt we þeodcyning | þær sceawian
ond þone gebringan, | þe us beagas geaf,
on adfære. | Ne scel anes hwæt
meltan mid þam modigan, | ac þær is maðma hord,
gold unrime | grimme geceapod,
ond nu æt siðestan | sylfes feore
beagas gebohte. | þa sceall brond fretan,
æled þeccean, | nalles eorl wegan
maððum to gemyndum, | ne mægð scyne
habban on healse | hringweorðunge,
ac sceal geomormod, | golde bereafod,
oft nalles æne | elland tredan,
nu se herewisa | hleahtor alegde,
gamen ond gleodream. | Forðon sceall gar wesan
monig, morgenceald, | mundum bewunden,
hæfen on handa, | nalles hearpan sweg
wigend weccean, | ac se wonna hrefn
fus ofer fægum | fela reordian,
earne secgan | hu him æt æte speow,
þenden he wið wulf | wæl reafode."
Swa se secg hwata | secggende wæs
laðra spella; | he ne leag fela
wyrda ne worda. | Weorod eall aras;
eodon unbliðe | under Earnanæs,
wollenteare | wundur sceawian.
Fundon ða on sande | sawulleasne
hlimbed healdan | þone þe him hringas geaf
ærran mælum; | þa wæs endedæg
godum gegongen, | þæt se guðcyning,
Wedra þeoden, | wundordeaðe swealt.
ær hi þær gesegan | syllicran wiht,
wyrm on wonge | wiðerræhtes þær
laðne licgean; | wæs se legdraca
grimlic, gryrefah, | gledum beswæled.
Se wæs fiftiges | fotgemearces
lang on legere, | lyftwynne heold
nihtes hwilum, | nyðer eft gewat
dennes niosian; | wæs ða deaðe fæst,
hæfde eorðscrafa | ende genyttod.
Him big stodan | bunan ond orcas,
discas lagon | ond dyre swyrd,
omige, þurhetone, | swa hie wið eorðan fæðm
þusend wintra | þær eardodon.
þonne wæs þæt yrfe, | eacencræftig,
iumonna gold | galdre bewunden,
þæt ðam hringsele | hrinan ne moste
gumena ænig, | nefne god sylfa,
sigora soðcyning, | sealde þam ðe he wolde
(he is manna gehyld) | hord openian,
efne swa hwylcum manna | swa him gemet ðuhte.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
301-11 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 42] — Beowulf 301-11

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XLII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XLII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

þa wæs gesyne | þæt se sið ne ðah
þam ðe unrihte | inne gehydde
wræte under wealle. | Weard ær ofsloh
feara sumne; | þa sio fæhð gewearð
gewrecen wraðlice. | Wundur hwar þonne
eorl ellenrof | ende gefere
lifgesceafta, | þonne leng ne mæg
mon mid his magum | meduseld buan.
Swa wæs Biowulfe, | þa he biorges weard
sohte, searoniðas; | seolfa ne cuðe
þurh hwæt his worulde gedal | weorðan sceolde.
Swa hit oð domes dæg | diope benemdon
þeodnas mære, | þa ðæt þær dydon,
þæt se secg wære | synnum scildig,
hergum geheaðerod, | hellbendum fæst,
wommum gewitnad, | se ðone wong strude,
næs he goldhwæte | gearwor hæfde
agendes est | ær gesceawod.
Wiglaf maðelode, | Wihstanes sunu:
"Oft sceall eorl monig | anes willan
wræc adreogan, | swa us geworden is.
Ne meahton we gelæran | leofne þeoden,
rices hyrde, | ræd ænigne,
þæt he ne grette | goldweard þone,
lete hyne licgean | þær he longe wæs,
wicum wunian | oð woruldende;
heold on heahgesceap. | Hord ys gesceawod,
grimme gegongen; | wæs þæt gifeðe to swið
þe ðone þeodcyning | þyder ontyhte.
Ic wæs þær inne | ond þæt eall geondseh,
recedes geatwa, | þa me gerymed wæs,
nealles swæslice | sið alyfed
inn under eorðweall. | Ic on ofoste gefeng
micle mid mundum | mægenbyrðenne
hordgestreona, | hider ut ætbær
cyninge minum. | Cwico wæs þa gena,
wis ond gewittig; | worn eall gespræc
gomol on gehðo | ond eowic gretan het,
bæd þæt ge geworhton | æfter wines dædum
in bælstede | beorh þone hean,
micelne ond mærne, | swa he manna wæs
wigend weorðfullost | wide geond eorðan,
þenden he burhwelan | brucan moste.
Uton nu efstan | oðre siðe,
seon ond secean | searogimma geþræc,
wundur under wealle; | ic eow wisige,
þæt ge genoge | neon sceawiað
beagas ond brad gold. | Sie sio bær gearo,
ædre geæfned, | þonne we ut cymen,
ond þonne geferian | frean userne,
leofne mannan, | þær he longe sceal
on ðæs waldendes | wære geþolian."
Het ða gebeodan | byre Wihstanes,
hæle hildedior, | hæleða monegum,
boldagendra, | þæt hie bælwudu
feorran feredon, | folcagende,
godum togenes: | "Nu sceal gled fretan,
weaxan wonna leg | wigena strengel,
þone ðe oft gebad | isernscure,
þonne stræla storm | strengum gebæded
scoc ofer scildweall, | sceft nytte heold,
feðergearwum fus | flane fulleode."
Huru se snotra | sunu Wihstanes
acigde of corðre | cyninges þegnas
syfone tosomne, | þa selestan,
eode eahta sum | under inwithrof
hilderinca; | sum on handa bær
æledleoman, | se ðe on orde geong.
Næs ða on hlytme | hwa þæt hord strude,
syððan orwearde | ænigne dæl
secgas gesegon | on sele wunian,
læne licgan; | lyt ænig mearn
þæt hi ofostlice | ut geferedon
dyre maðmas. | Dracan ec scufun,
wyrm ofer weallclif, | leton weg niman,
flod fæðmian | frætwa hyrde.
þa wæs wunden gold | on wæn hladen,
æghwæs unrim, | æþeling boren,
har hilderinc | to Hronesnæsse.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
312-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 43] — Beowulf 312-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
XLIII Vol. [not skaldic] — Beowulf ch. XLIII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Him ða gegiredan | Geata leode
ad on eorðan | unwaclicne,
helmum behongen, | hildebordum,
beorhtum byrnum, | swa he bena wæs;
alegdon ða tomiddes | mærne þeoden
hæleð hiofende, | hlaford leofne.
Ongunnon þa on beorge | bælfyra mæst
wigend weccan; | wudurec astah,
sweart ofer swioðole, | swogende leg
wope bewunden | (windblond gelæg),
oðþæt he ða banhus | gebrocen hæfde,
hat on hreðre. | Higum unrote
modceare mændon, | mondryhtnes cwealm;
swylce giomorgyd | Geatisc meowle
bundenheorde
song sorgcearig | swiðe geneahhe
þæt hio hyre heofungdagas | hearde ondrede,
wælfylla worn, | werudes egesan,
hynðo ond hæftnyd. | Heofon rece swealg.
Geworhton ða | Wedra leode
hleo on hoe, | se wæs heah ond brad,
wægliðendum | wide gesyne,
ond betimbredon | on tyn dagum
beadurofes becn, | bronda lafe
wealle beworhton, | swa hyt weorðlicost
foresnotre men | findan mihton.
Hi on beorg dydon | beg ond siglu,
eall swylce hyrsta, | swylce on horde ær
niðhedige men | genumen hæfdon,
forleton eorla gestreon | eorðan healdan,
gold on greote, | þær hit nu gen lifað
eldum swa unnyt | swa hit æror wæs.
þa ymbe hlæw riodan | hildediore,
æþelinga bearn, | ealra twelfe,
woldon ceare cwiðan | ond kyning mænan,
wordgyd wrecan | ond ymb wer sprecan;
eahtodan eorlscipe | ond his ellenweorc
duguðum demdon, | swa hit gedefe bið
þæt mon his winedryhten | wordum herge,
ferhðum freoge, | þonne he forð scile
of lichaman | læded weorðan.
Swa begnornodon | Geata leode
hlafordes hryre, | heorðgeneatas,
cwædon þæt he wære | wyruldcyninga
manna mildust | ond monðwærust,
leodum liðost | ond lofgeornost.

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. TW; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
320-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 44] — Beowulf 320-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
332-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 45] — Beowulf 332-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
338-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 46] — Beowulf 338-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
340-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 47] — Beowulf 340-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
344-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 48] — Beowulf 344-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
348-55 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 49] — Beowulf 348-55

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
356-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 50] — Beowulf 356-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
360-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 51] — Beowulf 360-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
368-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 52] — Beowulf 368-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
371-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 53] — Beowulf 371-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
377-85 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 54] — Beowulf 377-85

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
386-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 55] — Beowulf 386-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
390-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 56] — Beowulf 390-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
395-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 57] — Beowulf 395-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
399-401 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 58] — Beowulf 399-401

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
402-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 59] — Beowulf 402-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
405-14 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 60] — Beowulf 405-14

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
415-32 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 61] — Beowulf 415-32

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
433-41 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 62] — Beowulf 433-41

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
442-51 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 63] — Beowulf 442-51

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
452-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 64] — Beowulf 452-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
456-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 65] — Beowulf 456-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
463-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 66] — Beowulf 463-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
473-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 67] — Beowulf 473-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
480-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 68] — Beowulf 480-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
489-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 69] — Beowulf 489-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
491-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 70] — Beowulf 491-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
499-512 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 71] — Beowulf 499-512

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
513-24 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 72] — Beowulf 513-24

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
525-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 73] — Beowulf 525-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
529-33 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 74] — Beowulf 529-33

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
534-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 75] — Beowulf 534-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
539-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 76] — Beowulf 539-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
544-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 77] — Beowulf 544-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
549-58 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 78] — Beowulf 549-58

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
559-61 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 79] — Beowulf 559-61

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
562-73 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 80] — Beowulf 562-73

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
574-89 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 81] — Beowulf 574-89

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
590-606 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 82] — Beowulf 590-606

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
607-10 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 83] — Beowulf 607-10

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
611-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 84] — Beowulf 611-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
620-30 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 85] — Beowulf 620-30

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
631-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 86] — Beowulf 631-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
639-41 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 87] — Beowulf 639-41

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
642-51 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 88] — Beowulf 642-51

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
652-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 89] — Beowulf 652-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
658-68 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 90] — Beowulf 658-68

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
669-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 91] — Beowulf 669-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
671-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 92] — Beowulf 671-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
675-80 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 93] — Beowulf 675-80

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
681-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 94] — Beowulf 681-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
688-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 95] — Beowulf 688-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
691-709 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 96] — Beowulf 691-709

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
710-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 97] — Beowulf 710-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
714-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 98] — Beowulf 714-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
720-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 99] — Beowulf 720-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
728-38 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 100] — Beowulf 728-38

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
739-49 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 101] — Beowulf 739-49

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
750-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 102] — Beowulf 750-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
755-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 103] — Beowulf 755-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
758-61 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 104] — Beowulf 758-61

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
762-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 105] — Beowulf 762-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
767-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 106] — Beowulf 767-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
771-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 107] — Beowulf 771-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
778-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 108] — Beowulf 778-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
791-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 109] — Beowulf 791-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
798-808 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 110] — Beowulf 798-808

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; eddic or germanic; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
809-36 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 111] — Beowulf 809-36

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
837-46 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 112] — Beowulf 837-46

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
847-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 113] — Beowulf 847-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
850-2 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 114] — Beowulf 850-2

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
853-61 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 115] — Beowulf 853-61

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
862-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 116] — Beowulf 862-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
864-92 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 117] — Beowulf 864-92

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
893-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 118] — Beowulf 893-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
898-915 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 119] — Beowulf 898-915

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
916-24 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 120] — Beowulf 916-24

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
925-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 121] — Beowulf 925-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
932-50 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 122] — Beowulf 932-50

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
951-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 123] — Beowulf 951-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
957-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 124] — Beowulf 957-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
963-79 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 125] — Beowulf 963-79

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
980-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 126] — Beowulf 980-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
991-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 127] — Beowulf 991-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
997-1010 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 128] — Beowulf 997-1010

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1011-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 129] — Beowulf 1011-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1020-2 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 130] — Beowulf 1020-2

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1023-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 131] — Beowulf 1023-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1027-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 132] — Beowulf 1027-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1030-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 133] — Beowulf 1030-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1035-42 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 134] — Beowulf 1035-42

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1043-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 135] — Beowulf 1043-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1046-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 136] — Beowulf 1046-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1050-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 137] — Beowulf 1050-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1059-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 138] — Beowulf 1059-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1063-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 139] — Beowulf 1063-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1071-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 140] — Beowulf 1071-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1076-94 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 141] — Beowulf 1076-94

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1095-106 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 142] — Beowulf 1095-106

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1107-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 143] — Beowulf 1107-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1110-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 144] — Beowulf 1110-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1114-24 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 145] — Beowulf 1114-24

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1125-45 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 146] — Beowulf 1125-45

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1146-53 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 147] — Beowulf 1146-53

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1154-68 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 148] — Beowulf 1154-68

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1169-74 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 149] — Beowulf 1169-74

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1175-91 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 150] — Beowulf 1175-91

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1192-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 151] — Beowulf 1192-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1197-201 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 152] — Beowulf 1197-201

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1202-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 153] — Beowulf 1202-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1210-1 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 154] — Beowulf 1210-1

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1212-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 155] — Beowulf 1212-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1215-20 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 156] — Beowulf 1215-20

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1221-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 157] — Beowulf 1221-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1228-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 158] — Beowulf 1228-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1232-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 159] — Beowulf 1232-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1239-41 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 160] — Beowulf 1239-41

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1242-50 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 161] — Beowulf 1242-50

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1251-68 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 162] — Beowulf 1251-68

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1269-78 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 163] — Beowulf 1269-78

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1279-87 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 164] — Beowulf 1279-87

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1288-91 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 165] — Beowulf 1288-91

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1292-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 166] — Beowulf 1292-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1296-301 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 167] — Beowulf 1296-301

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1302-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 168] — Beowulf 1302-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1310-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 169] — Beowulf 1310-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1316-20 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 170] — Beowulf 1316-20

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1321-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 171] — Beowulf 1321-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1330-44 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 172] — Beowulf 1330-44

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1345-64 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 173] — Beowulf 1345-64

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1365-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 174] — Beowulf 1365-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1368-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 175] — Beowulf 1368-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1373-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 176] — Beowulf 1373-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1380-2 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 177] — Beowulf 1380-2

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1383-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 178] — Beowulf 1383-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1386-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 179] — Beowulf 1386-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1390-1 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 180] — Beowulf 1390-1

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1392-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 181] — Beowulf 1392-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1395-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 182] — Beowulf 1395-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1397-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 183] — Beowulf 1397-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1399-407 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 184] — Beowulf 1399-407

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1408-21 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 185] — Beowulf 1408-21

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1422-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 186] — Beowulf 1422-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1425-36 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 187] — Beowulf 1425-36

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1437-54 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 188] — Beowulf 1437-54

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1455-64 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 189] — Beowulf 1455-64

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1465-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 190] — Beowulf 1465-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1473-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 191] — Beowulf 1473-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1480-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 192] — Beowulf 1480-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1484-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 193] — Beowulf 1484-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1488-91 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 194] — Beowulf 1488-91

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1492-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 195] — Beowulf 1492-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1497-500 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 196] — Beowulf 1497-500

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1501-17 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 197] — Beowulf 1501-17

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1518-28 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 198] — Beowulf 1518-28

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1529-36 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 199] — Beowulf 1529-36

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1537-40 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 200] — Beowulf 1537-40

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1541-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 201] — Beowulf 1541-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1545-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 202] — Beowulf 1545-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1550-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 203] — Beowulf 1550-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1554-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 204] — Beowulf 1554-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1557-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 205] — Beowulf 1557-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1563-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 206] — Beowulf 1563-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1570-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 207] — Beowulf 1570-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1591-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 208] — Beowulf 1591-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1600-11 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 209] — Beowulf 1600-11

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1612-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 210] — Beowulf 1612-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1618-22 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 211] — Beowulf 1618-22

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1623-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 212] — Beowulf 1623-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1626-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 213] — Beowulf 1626-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1629-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 214] — Beowulf 1629-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1632-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 215] — Beowulf 1632-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1644-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 216] — Beowulf 1644-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1647-50 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 217] — Beowulf 1647-50

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1651-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 218] — Beowulf 1651-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1655-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 219] — Beowulf 1655-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1659-64 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 220] — Beowulf 1659-64

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1665-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 221] — Beowulf 1665-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1671-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 222] — Beowulf 1671-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1677-86 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 223] — Beowulf 1677-86

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1687-93 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 224] — Beowulf 1687-93

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1694-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 225] — Beowulf 1694-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1700-15 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 226] — Beowulf 1700-15

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1716-27 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 227] — Beowulf 1716-27

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1728-34 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 228] — Beowulf 1728-34

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1735-44 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 229] — Beowulf 1735-44

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1745-52 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 230] — Beowulf 1745-52

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1753-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 231] — Beowulf 1753-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1758-68 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 232] — Beowulf 1758-68

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1769-73 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 233] — Beowulf 1769-73

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1774-81 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 234] — Beowulf 1774-81

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1782-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 235] — Beowulf 1782-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1785-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 236] — Beowulf 1785-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1787-98 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 237] — Beowulf 1787-98

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1799-806 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 238] — Beowulf 1799-806

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1807-12 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 239] — Beowulf 1807-12

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1813-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 240] — Beowulf 1813-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1817-21 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 241] — Beowulf 1817-21

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1822-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 242] — Beowulf 1822-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1826-35 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 243] — Beowulf 1826-35

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1836-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 244] — Beowulf 1836-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1840-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 245] — Beowulf 1840-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1844-54 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 246] — Beowulf 1844-54

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1855-65 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 247] — Beowulf 1855-65

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1866-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 248] — Beowulf 1866-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1870-83 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 249] — Beowulf 1870-83

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1884-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 250] — Beowulf 1884-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1888-95 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 251] — Beowulf 1888-95

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1896-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 252] — Beowulf 1896-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1900-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 253] — Beowulf 1900-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1905-13 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 254] — Beowulf 1905-13

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1914-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 255] — Beowulf 1914-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1920-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 256] — Beowulf 1920-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1925-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 257] — Beowulf 1925-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1944-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 258] — Beowulf 1944-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1963-76 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 259] — Beowulf 1963-76

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1977-98 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 260] — Beowulf 1977-98

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
1999-2013 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 261] — Beowulf 1999-2013

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2014-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 262] — Beowulf 2014-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2020-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 263] — Beowulf 2020-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2032-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 264] — Beowulf 2032-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2036-40 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 265] — Beowulf 2036-40

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2041-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 266] — Beowulf 2041-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2047-52 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 267] — Beowulf 2047-52

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2053-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 268] — Beowulf 2053-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2057-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 269] — Beowulf 2057-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2063-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 270] — Beowulf 2063-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2067-75 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 271] — Beowulf 2067-75

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2076-80 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 272] — Beowulf 2076-80

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2081-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 273] — Beowulf 2081-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2089-92 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 274] — Beowulf 2089-92

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2093-100 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 275] — Beowulf 2093-100

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2101-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 276] — Beowulf 2101-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2105-14 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 277] — Beowulf 2105-14

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2115-23 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 278] — Beowulf 2115-23

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2124-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 279] — Beowulf 2124-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2129-30 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 280] — Beowulf 2129-30

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2131-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 281] — Beowulf 2131-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2135-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 282] — Beowulf 2135-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2144-51 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 283] — Beowulf 2144-51

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2152-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 284] — Beowulf 2152-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2155-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 285] — Beowulf 2155-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2163-71 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 286] — Beowulf 2163-71

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2172-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 287] — Beowulf 2172-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2177-89 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 288] — Beowulf 2177-89

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2190-207 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 289] — Beowulf 2190-207

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2208-20 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 290] — Beowulf 2208-20

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2221-43 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 291] — Beowulf 2221-43

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2244-54 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 292] — Beowulf 2244-54

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2255-66 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 293] — Beowulf 2255-66

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2267-77 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 294] — Beowulf 2267-77

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2278-86 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 295] — Beowulf 2278-86

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2287-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 296] — Beowulf 2287-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2291-303 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 297] — Beowulf 2291-303

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2304-11 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 298] — Beowulf 2304-11

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2312-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 299] — Beowulf 2312-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2316-20 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 300] — Beowulf 2316-20

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2321-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 301] — Beowulf 2321-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2324-32 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 302] — Beowulf 2324-32

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2333-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 303] — Beowulf 2333-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2337-44 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 304] — Beowulf 2337-44

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2345-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 305] — Beowulf 2345-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2363-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 306] — Beowulf 2363-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2367-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 307] — Beowulf 2367-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2373-90 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 308] — Beowulf 2373-90

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2391-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 309] — Beowulf 2391-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2397-400 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 310] — Beowulf 2397-400

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2401-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 311] — Beowulf 2401-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2406-16 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 312] — Beowulf 2406-16

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2417-24 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 313] — Beowulf 2417-24

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2425-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 314] — Beowulf 2425-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2428-34 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 315] — Beowulf 2428-34

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2435-40 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 316] — Beowulf 2435-40

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2441-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 317] — Beowulf 2441-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2444-54 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 318] — Beowulf 2444-54

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2455-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 319] — Beowulf 2455-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2460-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 320] — Beowulf 2460-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2468-71 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 321] — Beowulf 2468-71

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2472-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 322] — Beowulf 2472-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2479-83 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 323] — Beowulf 2479-83

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2484-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 324] — Beowulf 2484-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2490-509 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 325] — Beowulf 2490-509

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2510-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 326] — Beowulf 2510-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2516-28 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 327] — Beowulf 2516-28

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2529-37 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 328] — Beowulf 2529-37

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2538-41 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 329] — Beowulf 2538-41

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2542-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 330] — Beowulf 2542-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2550-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 331] — Beowulf 2550-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2554-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 332] — Beowulf 2554-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2559-65 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 333] — Beowulf 2559-65

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2566-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 334] — Beowulf 2566-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2569-92 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 335] — Beowulf 2569-92

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2593-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 336] — Beowulf 2593-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2596-601 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 337] — Beowulf 2596-601

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2602-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 338] — Beowulf 2602-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2606-19 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 339] — Beowulf 2606-19

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2620-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 340] — Beowulf 2620-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2628-30 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 341] — Beowulf 2628-30

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2631-52 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 342] — Beowulf 2631-52

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2653-60 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 343] — Beowulf 2653-60

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2661-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 344] — Beowulf 2661-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2669-87 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 345] — Beowulf 2669-87

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2688-93 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 346] — Beowulf 2688-93

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2694-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 347] — Beowulf 2694-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2697-705 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 348] — Beowulf 2697-705

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2706-19 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 349] — Beowulf 2706-19

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2720-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 350] — Beowulf 2720-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2724-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 351] — Beowulf 2724-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2728-47 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 352] — Beowulf 2728-47

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2748-51 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 353] — Beowulf 2748-51

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2752-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 354] — Beowulf 2752-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2756-66 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 355] — Beowulf 2756-66

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2767-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 356] — Beowulf 2767-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2773-82 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 357] — Beowulf 2773-82

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2783-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 358] — Beowulf 2783-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2788-98 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 359] — Beowulf 2788-98

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2799-801 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 360] — Beowulf 2799-801

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2802-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 361] — Beowulf 2802-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2809-16 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 362] — Beowulf 2809-16

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2817-20 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 363] — Beowulf 2817-20

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2821-31 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 364] — Beowulf 2821-31

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2832-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 365] — Beowulf 2832-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2836-54 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 366] — Beowulf 2836-54

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2855-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 367] — Beowulf 2855-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2860-3 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 368] — Beowulf 2860-3

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2864-72 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 369] — Beowulf 2864-72

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2873-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 370] — Beowulf 2873-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2877-83 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 371] — Beowulf 2877-83

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2884-91 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 372] — Beowulf 2884-91

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2892-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 373] — Beowulf 2892-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2900-21 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 374] — Beowulf 2900-21

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2922-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 375] — Beowulf 2922-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2928-35 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 376] — Beowulf 2928-35

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2936-45 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 377] — Beowulf 2936-45

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2946-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 378] — Beowulf 2946-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2949-60 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 379] — Beowulf 2949-60

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2961-70 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 380] — Beowulf 2961-70

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2971-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 381] — Beowulf 2971-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2977-81 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 382] — Beowulf 2977-81

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2982-4 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 383] — Beowulf 2982-4

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2985-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 384] — Beowulf 2985-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2989-98 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 385] — Beowulf 2989-98

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
2999-3027 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 386] — Beowulf 2999-3027

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3028-32 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 387] — Beowulf 3028-32

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3033-7 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 388] — Beowulf 3033-7

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3038-46 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 389] — Beowulf 3038-46

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3047-57 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 390] — Beowulf 3047-57

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3058-65 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 391] — Beowulf 3058-65

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3066-75 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 392] — Beowulf 3066-75

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3076-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 393] — Beowulf 3076-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3079-86 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 394] — Beowulf 3079-86

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3087-100 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 395] — Beowulf 3087-100

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3101-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 396] — Beowulf 3101-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3110-9 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 397] — Beowulf 3110-9

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3120-5 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 398] — Beowulf 3120-5

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3126-33 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 399] — Beowulf 3126-33

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3134-6 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 400] — Beowulf 3134-6

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3137-42 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 401] — Beowulf 3137-42

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3143-55 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 402] — Beowulf 3143-55

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3156-62 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 403] — Beowulf 3156-62

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3163-8 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 404] — Beowulf 3163-8

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3169-77 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 405] — Beowulf 3169-77

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
3178-82 Vol. [not skaldic: Beowulf 406] — Beowulf 3178-82

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skj: Not in Skj; ed. NS; group: X; mss: Vit. A XV
 
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