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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Sólarljóð (Sól) - 83

not in Skj

Sólarljóð (‘Song of the Sun’) — Anon SólVII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Sólarljóð’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 287-357.

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: G [6]. Sólarljóð, digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 628-40, BI, 635-48)

SkP info: VII, 323

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

40 — Anon Sól 40VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 40’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 323.

Sól ek
setta dreyrstöfum;
mjök var ek þá ór heimi hallr;
máttug hon leiz
á marga vegu
frá því, sem fyrri var.

 

I saw the sun, set with bloody staves; I was then forcefully tilting out of this world; it appeared mighty in many ways compared with how it was before.

notes: [4-6]: There are three possible readings of these ll., depending on which of three verbs (leiz, lézk, leysti) is chosen in l. 4. These are: a) máttug hon leiz á marga vegu frá því sem var fyrri ‘mighty it [the sun] appeared in many ways compared with how it was before’; b) máttug hon lézk á marga vegu vegu frá því sem var fyrri ‘mighty it called itself in many ways compared with how it was before’; c) máttug leysti margan / marga frá því sem var fyrri ‘the mighty one released many a person (or ‘many men’) from that which was before’. Although reading b) is found in 166bˣ, in the unnormalised form ‘liest’, this is its only occurrence, and the sun does not speak elsewhere in the sól ek sá-sts. The preferred reading a) appears in 1441ˣ and 2797ˣ, and a number of other mss. Reading c) requires the sun to be personified (which it is not in other sól ek sá-sts), meaning ‘[she] released many a man (or ‘many men’)’, presumably from earthly life. This creates metrical problems: l. 5 then lacks a second lift. The sentiment is comparable with Hsv 80.

editions: Skj Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: G [6]. Sólarljóð 40 (AI, 634; BI, 642); Skald I, 312; Bugge 1867, 363, Falk 1914, 19, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 14, Fidjestøl 1979, 65, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 70-1, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 46, 118.

sources

AM 166 b 8°x (166bx) 47r, 6 - 47r, 7  image  
Holm papp 15 8°x (papp15x) 4v - 4v  
AM 738 4°x (738x) 81v, 32 - 81v, 35  image  image  image  
Lbs 214 4°x (214x) 150v - 150v  image  
Lbs 1441 4°x (1441x) 584 - 584  
BLAdd 10575 IIx (10575x) 6r - 6r  transcr.  
Lbs 2797 4°x (2797x) 234 - 234  
NKS 1109 folx (1109x) 491 - 491 (Sól)  image  
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