ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

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Word

1bjarga vb. [bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹⁵); barg, burgu; borginn]

(cf. ²bjarga vb.)

Status: excerpted citation slips citation text supplemented structured definitions in Danish definitions in English

A.

1) [e-m/e-u] [til e-s] bjærge, redde, hjælpe save, help

 ● bjarga brókum sínum (redde sine bukser ɔ:) forrette sin nødtørft (salvage one’s trousers ɔ:) relieve nature

 ● ‖ præt. part.: borginn [compar. borgnari]

 ● (þat) er (at) borgnara [e-m/e-u] det er (så meget desto) mere til hjælp (for ngn/ngt), (ngn) er bedre hjulpet (sby) is the better off (for sth.), (sth.) is better secured

2) [e-m/e-u] frelse redeem, save (sby’s soul, etc.)

3) [e-m/e-u] (jur.) hjælpe, redde (ngn/sag) (jur.) save (sby, a case), salvage (a suit)

4) [e-u/e-m] [í e-u] tage sig af, tage vare på, bjærge (afgrøde), sørge for, forsørge attend to, take care of, bring (hay, etc.) under cover, make provision for, provide for

 ● bjarga skipi/reiða bjærge skib/udrustning, bringe skib/udrustning i sikkerhed salvage a ship/equipment, bring a ship/equipment to safety

B. bjarga + præp./adv.

at: bjarga at

[e-u] tage sig af attend to

við: bjarga við

[e-u] afhjælpe, redde remedy, salvage

C. bjarga sér

[með e-u] hjælpe sig selv, klare sig selv, forsørge sig selv help oneself, look after oneself, provide for oneself

D. bjargask

1) [við !] klare sig (vha. ngt) get by (with the help of sth.), manage

 ● bjargask á sínar hendr klare sig ved egen hjælp get by through one’s own efforts

2) blive frelst be redeemed/saved

3) [við e-t] (jur.) blive hjulpet/reddet (vha. ngt) (jur.) be cleared (with the help of sth.)

4) [við e-t] forsyne sig, klare sig provide for oneself, manage

E. bjargask + præp./adv.

at: bjargask at

1) [!] hjælpes ad, klare sig sammen help each other, manage together

2) [!] blive frelst be redeemed/saved

Form.: biarga (34); borgit (16); bergr (14); barg (13); borgnara (7); biargaz (6); biargha (4); biargi (3); biargazt (3); biarg (3); byrgi (3); bjarga (3); borget (2); Bjargið (2); bergsc (2); byrga (2); bargsk (2); bvrgosc (1); byrgizt (1); biargizt (1); bergsk (1); bargst (1); biarge (1); bjargi (1); borgiɴ (1); biærgr (1); Biargadu (1); biargasc (1); biargiz (1); bjargask (1); biargr (1); borgid (1); biærga (1); bargzt (1); biargðu (1); bjargast (1); bergiz (1); biargast (1);

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; ClVSuppl borginn; Fr ¹bjarga; FrErr2; FrErr3; Hertzb; Rím; LP; AH; AJ item borginn; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Litt.: Gerhold 2002 108-114; Grøtvedt 1939 51; Hægstad 1899 46; Kiil 1955 [ANF 70] 162; Wadstein 1892 [ANF 8] 85

Genre. (expected): legal works: 40 (13); religious works: 26 (38); family sagas: 25 (17); historical works: 21 (25); contemporary sagas: 7 (10); romances: 7 (15); þættir: 7 (3); legendary sagas: 4 (6); charters: 3 (11);

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Dictionary of Old Norse Prose
onp@hum.ku.dk