ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

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Word

gjǫf, gjaf | “gæf”, [“giæfir” etc.] sb. f.

Status: excerpted citation slips citation text supplemented structured definitions in Danish definitions in English

1) [við e-n] gift

 ● gefa/fǿra (...) gjǫf [e-m]

 ● hjá þessarri gjǫf

 ● leiða á/í braut (með) ... gjǫfum, leiða út með ... gjǫfum [e-n]

 ● leysa (á) braut með ... gjǫfum [e-n]

 ● þiggja (...) gjǫf [e-rs / af e-m / at e-m]

2) (of inheritance, i.e. bestowal by testament)

 ● ǽttleiða/... til gjalds ok (til) gjafar [e-n]

3) (of dowry; in conn. with payment of mundr sb. m. and associated mynding sb. f.)

4) (of a supplementary fine, paid in addition to the wergild which is prescribed in the immediately preceding text)

5) (of inherited capability, talent)

6) (of spiritual gift(s))

     (propr. comp. (of the papal indulgence granted to crusaders)) :

 ● gjǫf guðs

 ● með guðs gjǫf

 ● gjǫf heilags anda / ins helga anda

7) (of a donation to a clerical organisation)

8) (spec.) (of a bribe, cf. OED)

Form.: giafar (50); giof (36); gjafar (24); giafir (20); gjafir (14); giafer (13); giofum (10); giaver (7); giæver (7); giafarnar (5); giỏf (5); gjǫf (4); giǫf (3); giafa (3); gjöf (3); giavar (3); giǫfvm (2); giavir (2); gjǫfum (2); giafum (2); giæva (1); giaff (1); gíæfuer (1); giæfuum (1); Giǫf (1); giofna (1); giæfuer (1); giauir (1); giaffir (1); gioven (1); gíafar (1); gíofum (1); gæfva (1); gjafa (1); giofvm (1); gæf (1); gjöfum (1); giỏfum (1); giafwar (1); Gjafir (1); Giafar (1); giofumm (1); giaua (1); giauum (1); gæfer (1); giaufum (1); gjafarnar (1); giofuum (1); giafvar (1); giæfír (1); Gjafar (1); giafuer (1); gæver (1); gjafirnar (1); gíafuir (1);

Comp.: af- (12), anda- (11), andar- (1), árs- (2), ástar- (8), ást- (24), auga- (1), bekkjar- (30), drykkjar- (1), fata- (1), fé- (44), festar- (4), festnar- (1), fiski- (1), fjár- (3), fjórðungs- (35), for- (1), frelsis- (3), frum- (4), glap- (1), griða- (6), guðs- (10), gýli- (1), halfs·annars·eyris- (1), heilsu- (38), heiman- (6), hest- (1), hey- (3), heyja- (1), hrossa- (1), hǫfuð- (2), inn- (1), jafnaðar- (9), jafna- (1), jarl·dóms- (1), jarls- (2), jóla- (10), kirkna- (1), konungs- (3), kven- (2), kynnis- (1), lands- (1), lands·vistar- (1), land·tjalds- (2), líf- (29), lífs- (1), lǫg- (24), lǫgu- (1), mála- (28), mál·snilldar- (1), mat- (22), með- (1), mis·kunnar- (11), mis·kunn·semðar- (1), morgin- (13), mútu- (8), náttúru- (22), óðals- (1), oxa- (2), penninga- (1), próventu- (1), rétt·lǽtis- (2), sálu- (15), sex·aura- (1), sigr- (4), sigr·vegara- (1), skatt- (13), skikkju- (1), skjalda- (1), skjaldar- (1), skyldar- (1), smá- (1), spá·dóms- (2), staða- (1), stór- (24), sýslu·manns- (1), sǽvar- (1), sǿmðar- (1), testamenta- (1), testamentis- (1), testamentum- (2), tígnar- (1), til- (60), tíunda- (1), tíundar- (16), trað- (1), undir- (4), upp- (14), út- (1), veizlu- (2), veldis- (1), verð- (1), vígslu- (3), vin- (44), virðingar- (2), vitranar- (1), þjónustu- (1), þrif- (2), þriggja·aura- (1), þurftar- (1), þyrni- (1), ǽtt·leiðingar- (1), ǫlmusu- (11)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; Suppl4; Bin Giaf-, Giafa; Rím; LP; AH; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM (gjöf); Bl item cf. corr.

Litt.: Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 219; Bjørkvik 1957 [KLNM 2] 412; Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 378; Finnur Jónsson 1914 [ANF 30] 89; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 20; Grøtvedt 1939 133; Gunnar F. Guðmundsson 2000 184, 220-1, 281, 329; Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir 2000 190-1; Hamre 1958 [KLNM 3] 225; Hamre 1960 [KLNM 5] 653 ff.; Housken 1954 [ANF 69] 28; Hægstad 1899 58; Hægstad 1915 20; Hægstad 1916 12; Inga Huld Hákonardóttir 2000 189-90, 230, 266; Inga Huld Hákonardóttir 2000 190; Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 239; Margrét Jónasdóttir 1991 [Sagnir 12] 64-69; Marstrander 1928 153-154; Maurer 1907Ï 204; Maurer 1908 (Kirch) 519-524, 526, 528, 530, ...; Meyer 1960 [KLNM 5] 669; Ruthström 2002 199; Seip 1955 122; Strömbäck 1935 [ANF 51] 108-109; Tveitane 1968 144

Genre. (expected): religious works: 59 (65); family sagas: 45 (30); historical works: 40 (43); legal works: 32 (23); romances: 23 (25); charters: 18 (19); contemporary sagas: 12 (18); learned works: 9 (8); legendary sagas: 8 (10); þættir: 4 (5);

CS — Maj 2011

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Contact:
Dictionary of Old Norse Prose
onp@hum.ku.dk