ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

fall sb. n. [-s; *-]

Status: excerpted citation slips citation text supplemented structured definitions in Danish definitions in English

I.

1) (fysisk) fald ‖ (physical) fall

 ● falla fall mikit

 ● fella/... fall mikit [e-n]

 ● reiða til falls, reiðir til falls [e-n]

2) vandstrøm ‖ water flow

3) brådsø, brænding ‖ breaker, breaking wave

4) (sol)nedgang, mørkning ‖ setting (of the sun), nightfall

5) (om hests halerod ‖ of a horse’s tail at the dock)

6) [fyrir e-u] død, drab ‖ death, killing

     (propr. comp.):

7) [á e-u / í e-u] dødelig epidemi, dødelighed (pga. sygdom), massedød ‖ epidemic mortality, multiple death (from disease)

8) tilbagetog, nederlag ‖ retreat, defeat

9) ødelæggelse, undergang ‖ destruction, downfall

10) forfald, ruin ‖ decay, ruin

 ● at falli

11) overtrædelse, fejltrin, forseelse, synd ‖ transgression, failure, wrongdoing, sin

 ● til falls

12) (lovligt) forfald ‖ (lawful) absence

13) [e-s / á e-u] (i kirkelig messe) afbrydelse, udsættelse, pause ‖ (in a church service) break, delay, pause

14) (metr.) kvantitet, længde (cf. Faulkes 1991 104) ‖ (metr.) quantity, length

15) rytme, kadence (cf. Faulkes 1991 11³² note p. 53) ‖ (metr.) cadence

16*) ?udtryk ‖ ?expression

17) (gramm.) kasus ‖ (gramm.) case

18) (pl. fǫll) omstændigheder, forhold (cf. NorskOrdb fall def. 9) ‖ (pl. fǫll) circumstance, situation

19*) ?bånd, bændel (cf. band def. 1) ‖ ?band, tape

20*) (for fjall sb. n.)

II. (y. no.)

III. (poet.)

Forms: fall (75); falli (18); fallz (14); falle (9); falls (5); fallit (5); Fall (4); falla (3); fǫllvm (2); foll (2); fꜳll (1); fallid (1); f▹alli (1); falle (1); fallino (1); fǫllum (1); fallðz (1); faullum (1); fꜹll (1); fǫll (1); fallet (1); föll (1); faull (1); fiallino (1); fallzins (1); fỏll (1); fallsins (1); föllin (1); föllum (1); fallæ (1);

Compounds: hunang- (2), hunangs- (2), byr- (1), lima- (2), vatns- (11), hrúta- (1), aftr- (1), dreng·skapar- (1), dǫgg- (2), eið- (14), for- (28), at- (6), bak- (9), frá- (61), fors- (11), fram- (8), fjǫl·mennis- (1), fulgu- (1), fjórðungs- (1), baulu- (2), blóð- (4), báru- (1), fann- (1), hlut- (47), hlǫðu- (1), half·hélu- (1), hár- (3), hátta- (5), brot- (23), hljóð- (1), helmings- (1), hélu- (2), grunn- (8), byskupa·frá- (1), byskups·frá- (1), boða- (11), boð- (7), bylgju- (5), fjár- (2), fimmtungs- (2), á- (55), á·búða(r)- (4), af- (10), tára- (1), tíundar- (1), til- (1), kaf- (1), jarla- (1), nyt- (3), messu·daga- (1), ríkis·manna- (1), sina- (1), reið·skjóta- (3), klǽða- (3), konunga- (1), kné·beðja- (4), kné·beðjar- (4), kné- (20), sand- (6), sauða- (2), oxa- (1), leiðangrs- (8), leik- (1), laga·for- (1), kross- (1), orð- (15), móti- (1), naut- (2), nauts- (3), niðr- (55), snǽ- (11), slegg- (1), sleggju- (2), sólar- (30), lǿkjar- (2), manna- (2), mann- (47), stefnu- (11), straum- (3), steina- (1), sǽvar- (13), skjót- (1), skriðu- (2), mis- (1), ó- (4), ofan- (13), hǫmlu- (1), jarð- (9), hǫfðingja- (2), hǫrund- (1), veizlu- (5), út- (5), vág- (9), vegar- (1), viðr- (1), vápna- (3), vita·vǫrðs- (1), vind- (1), val- (8), vatn- (52), tað- (4), vega- (3), veðr- (10), leigu- (10), ynði- (1), jarðar- (2), yxnis- (1), verka- (4), við- (4), grjót- (1), þriðjungs- (1), þoku- (1), sóla- (1), ǫsku- (4), tak- (3)

Gloss.: EJ (cf. corr.); ClV; Fr; Hertzb; Suppl4 (cf. corr.); Bin -fall; Rím; LP; AH (cf. corr.); AJ; deVr (falla); Fr4 item -fõll; NO; ÁBlM; Bl (cf. corr.)

Literature: Bell 1980 [ANF 95] 98; Bjorvand 1994 39, 61, 128; Faulkes 1964 [ÍT 5] 124; Finnur Jónsson 1914 [ANF 30] 80; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 7; Reichborn-Kjennerud 1932 [ANF 48] 100-101; Ropeid 1971 [KLNM 16] 172

Genre. (expected): religious works: 47 (42); historical works: 33 (27); contemporary sagas: 19 (11); legal works: 15 (15); family sagas: 14 (19); romances: 12 (16); charters: 5 (12); legendary sagas: 5 (7); learned works: 4 (5); unclassified: 2 (1); þættir: 1 (3);

CS — Maj 2010

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