Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

berg sb. n. [-s; -]

(cf. bjarg sb. n.)

I.

1) (mindre) fjeld, klippe, klippefremspring, klippeside ‖ hill, cliff, prominence in the landscape, crag, cliff-face
 ● fyrir berg ud over klippe, ned ad klippeside ‖ over a cliff, down a cliff
 ● ganga berg klatre op ad klippeside, klatre i klipper ‖ climb cliff-faces/cliffs
 ● um berg ok hamra (over klipper og hamre ɔ:) over stok og sten ‖ “over fell and crag”
2) klippeblok, stor sten ‖ boulder, rock
3) (som materiale) klippe, sten, stenet grund, klippegrund ‖ (as material) rock, stone, rocky ground, foundation of rock
 ● brenna berg ?løsne klippeblokke vha. ild (cf. Kumlien 1956 [KLNM 1], 483) ‖ ?loosen rock by use of heat
 ● hǫggva berg bryde sten ‖ quarry stone

II. (cogn.)

Forms: berg (30); bergi (18); bergit (13); berginu (5); bergino (3); bærgh (3); bergí (3); bergs (2); bergh (2); Bergit (1); Berg (1); berghi (1); berghet (1); bergið (1); bergínv (1); bergsinns (1); bergum (1); bergith (1); bærghi (1); bærgi (1); bærg (1); bergin (1);

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; Bin Berg-; Rím; LP item Berg-, berg-; AH ¹berg, ²Berg; AJ; deVr (bjarg) ; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM ¹berg, ²Berg-; Bl

Literature: Bandle 1977 [Rit 12] 53; Bjorvand 1994 5, 124, 128, 163; Bjorvand 1994 5-6; Getz 1920 167; Grønvik 1989 [MM 1989] 15, 20; Hald 1956 [KLNM 1] 651-653; Hægstad 1899 60-61; Hægstad 1915 38; Indrebø 1935 [MM 1935] 99; Kiil 1936 [MM 1936] 126-175; Kumlien 1956 [KLNM 1] 483; Lundahl 1938 [NB 25] 68-81; Marstrander 1932 176

Genre. (expected): historical works: 28 (16); religious works: 18 (24); legal works: 16 (9); romances: 12 (9); contemporary sagas: 6 (7); charters: 5 (7); family sagas: 5 (11); learned works: 1 (3); unclassified: 1 (0);