Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

penningr, peningr, pengr, “penig-” sb. m. [-s, dat. -i; -ar]

cf. Hertzb 493-495

I.

1) mønt, pengestykke, (pl. penningar) (rede) penge (som betalingsmiddel)
   ‖  (propr. comp.):
 ● eigi/... einn penningr
 ● enskr/engilskr penningr

cf. Bjørkvik 1958 [KLNM 3] 632-635

 ● fullir penningar
 ● skírr penningr
2) (om den letteste vægtenhed som bruges som pengeenhed) penning, (mod.) skilling

cf. Helgi Sk. Kjartansson 1989 64

 ● hverr penningr (fjár)
 ● hvítr penningr
 ● talðr penningr
 ● veginn penningr
 ● verðr eins pennings
 ● verðr einskis pennings
 ● verðr fárra penninga
3) (spec.) (om møntlignende genstand)
4) (som vægtenhed) penning
5) (oftest pl.) værdigenstand, ejendel, ejendom, (penge)formue, beløb
   ‖  (propr. comp.):
 ● fastir ok/eða lausir penningar
 ● góðir penningar
 ● góz ok penningar
 ● halfir penningar
 ● heill ok halfr penningr
 ● lausir penningar
 ● ríkr/... at penningum
6) (coll. & pl.) husdyr

II. (cogn.)

III. (y. no.)

Forms: penninga (22); peningum (22); peninga (21); pening (14); penning (13); penga (13); peningar (12); penningum (10); pennings (10); penings (6); penningar (5); peningh (4); pæningum (4); penningr (4); pengum (4); pæninga (3); peɴing (3); penningha (3); peninghar (3); pæningh (3); peinga (3); pæningr (3); penin▹ginn (2); peɴɴga (2); pæning (2); peningr (2); peníngr (2); peninge (2); peningom (2); pęnningar (2); penningh (2); pœnig (2); penninnga (2); peingum (2); penninghom (2); penningi (2); pæinga (2); penningom (2); peningha (2); pæningom (2); pengha (2); pænningom (1); peingom (1); penningrinn (1); pænig (1); penningt (1); penninghi (1); peingi (1); pæining (1); peninginn (1); peninghom (1); penninngum (1); peninghum (1); peingvm (1); Peɴing (1); pæningghæ (1); peningga (1); penenga (1); prunger (1); penninginn (1); penningrin (1); peɴingr (1); peninngi (1); peningvm (1); peningum (1); peiningi (1); peɴingi (1); penínga (1); penningvm (1); pengh (1); penningunum (1); peningin (1); peɴinga (1); pénga (1); pennenga (1); peníng (1); pennínge (1); peingar (1); Penyng (1); peníngí (1); peing (1); penng (1); peníngar (1); peninggi (1); penníngs (1); penningana (1); pengar (1); peeninghum (1);

Compounds: barna- (2), blý- (2), eir- (4), erfða- (1), fagnaðar- (1), fals- (2), fé- (2), festar- (6), flosu- (3), fóðra- (2), full·gildis- (1), full·virðis- (7), gangs- (16), gjald- (1), grá- (1), gull- (28), gulls- (1), half- (3), heyja- (1), kirkju- (7), kopar- (1), lands- (1), lausa- (6), leigu- (2), mála- (1), ný- (2), plóg- (1), reiðu·gangs- (3), reiðu- (7), sak·eyris- (1), silfr- (17), silfrs- (2), simonis- (1), skatt- (2), skot- (12), smá- (1), stór- (1), tǽri- (6), tǫlu- (1), um·boðs- (2), þarfa- (1), þriðjunga- (3), þriðjungs- (1), ǫlmusu- (1)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; ClVSuppl pengar pl.; Suppl1 pengar pl.; Finsen; Fr (peningr), item peingr, pengr; Hertzb; Fischer -n(n)-; Bin peningr, -peningr; Rím (pengr); LP; Med; AH; deVr (pengr); Fr4 pengr, peningr; NO peingr, pengr, peningr; ÁBlM (peningur); Bl -n-

Literature: Bjørkvik 1958 [KLNM 3] 632-635; Bugge 1905 182; Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 389, 391; Falk 1919 31; Finnur Jónsson 1921 (KultSprog) 72, 77; Gjøstein 1934 [ANF 50] 90; Gunnar F. Guðmundsson 2000 20, 22, 140, 149; Helgi Sk. Kjartansson 1988 44; Helgi Sk. Kjartansson 1989 [THÍ 4] 64; Hægstad 1915 55; Hægstad 1916 112, 154; Höfler 1931 [ANF 47] 286; Hødnebø 1954 [MM 1954] 122-123; Marstrander 1915 62; Ruthström 2002 82; Seip 1955 117, 242f.; Seip 1955 56f., 68, 242f., 270, 300; Skaare 1968 [KLNM 13] 177-181; Valtýr Guðmundsson 1909 60-61; Veturliði Óskarsson 2003 [BA 43] 53, 150; Vilhjálmur Finsen 1883 668

Genre. (expected): charters: 57 (20); religious works: 49 (70); legal works: 45 (25); historical works: 30 (45); romances: 29 (27); family sagas: 20 (32); þættir: 19 (6); contemporary sagas: 10 (19); legendary sagas: 6 (11); learned works: 3 (8); unclassified: 2 (1);

Þorbjörg Helgadóttir — September 2013