Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

lauss adj. [compar. lausari]

I.

1) løs, ikke bundet, ikke fastholdt/fanget
 ● eldr verðr lauss
 ● laust hár
 ● láta hesta lausa
 ● láta lausan [e-n] [af e-u]
 ● renna lauss [eftir e-m]
 ● slá lausum [e-m/e-u]
 ● verðr lauss [e-m]
 ● laust
2) [við e-t / af e-u / frá e-u] fri, fri for tvang/indskrænkning/plage, uhindret
 ● fara lauss
 ● leika lauss [við !]
3) [e-s / við e-t / frá e-u / ór e-u / í frá !] [við e-n] [um e-t] fri for forpligtelser, kvit
 ● vera lauss máls
4) (medic.) (om luft i maven)
5) opløst, ophævet, overstået
6) til rådighed, tilgængelig, disponibel, ledig
 ● lauss eða falr
 ● láta lausan [e-t] [e-m / við e-n / fyrir e-m] [at e-u] give slip (på ngt), opgive/afstå (ngt)
 ● lauss ok liðugr [af e-m/e-u]
 ● liggja lauss fyrir [e-m]
7) (om person) løs og ledig, uden tilknytning
8) tomhændet, uden byrde
9) (om skib) tom, uden last og ladning
10) bevægelig, spredt, uden fast stilling/orden
 ● laust
11) (om ejendele/gods) løs, rede, kontant
 ● lauss eyrir løsøre
 ● fastr ok/eða lauss
 ● (í) fǫstu ok (í) lausu
 ● land ok/... lauss eyrir
 ● lausir penningar
12) som ikke er stram, løselig, løstsiddende
 ● halda laust [e-m / á e-u]
13) (medic.) (om mave) tynd, løs
14) [við e-u / frá e-m] (om fødsel) forløst
15) enkelt, særskilt, enkeltstående
16) ustadig, ustabil, vaklende
 ● lauss á fótum
 ● lauss á velli
 ● laust
 ● sofa laust
17) [í e-u] letsindig, ubesindig, løssluppen
 ● hafa sik lausan [við !]
 ● slá sér lausum [við !] [um e-t]
 ● laust

II. (y. no.)

.

Forms: laust (115); laus (59); lauss (37); lausan (30); lausir (29); lausa (28); lausum (25); lausu (22); lavst (14); lavs (13); lꜹst (8); lausar (8); lꜹs (8); lauser (7); lavsvm (5); lavsan (4); lꜹsir (4); lausom (3); lausann (3); lavsir (3); lavsar (3); lꜹꜱ (3); lꜷꜱ (2); lꜷsa (2); lav́st (2); lavsari (2); lausari (2); lꜹ́st (2); la◃us (2); lauꜱꜱ (2); lavss (2); lꜹsa (2); laussu (1); louso (1); Lausa (1); loso (1); lauso (1); lausvm (1); lav́sa (1); lǿsar (1); lausri (1); lꜹsom (1); Lavs (1); lǫs (1); lous (1); lꜹss (1); (1); lávsir (1); lꜹsum (1); lausare (1); lꜵust (1); los (1); lausumm (1); lávs (1); laúss (1); laús (1); lav́s (1); lav́sir (1); lau⸌s⸍ (1); lꜷst (1); lavsa (1); lꜹsari (1); láuꜱ (1); lausu (1);

Compounds: á·bata- (3), ábóta- (1), á·byrgðar- (5), afar·kosta- (3), af·hendingar- (1), afl- (11), af·skifta- (1), aga- (2), á·ganga- (3), á·góða- (2), á·gǫngu- (10), á·hyggju- (4), á·kallaða- (2), á·kalla- (3), á·kallsaða- (1), á·kallsa- (2), á·kalls- (7), akkeris- (1), á·klaganar- (2), á·kǽris- (1), á·kǽrslu- (8), á·kǽru- (23), á·kǫllu- (1), á·kǫnnu- (1), á·laga- (7), aldin- (4), ál·mágaða- (3), ál·mága- (2), ál·málga- (1), á·lǫgu- (1), á·mágaða- (1), á·mága- (4), á·málgaða- (2), á·málga- (3), á·málganar- (1), ambanar- (1), á·mǽlis- (7), á·nauðar- (1), anda- (2), andar- (2), and- (16), and·marka- (2), and·vara- (2), ann·kanna- (1), ann·kǫnnu- (1), ára- (1), ár·galla- (1), ástar- (1), ást- (6), á·stǫðu- (1), at·burða- (1), at·fanga- (2), at·fara- (4), at·ferðar- (1), at·gerða- (16), at·gerðar- (1), at·hafnar- (2), at·huga- (1), at·kvǽða- (3), á·traða- (1), at·vinnu- (1), á·tǫlu- (6), auðnu- (2), au·fúsu- (2), aura- (3), á·vaxta- (16), á·vaxtar- (5), á·vaxt- (1), á·víta- (3), band- (1), bar·daga- (7), bark- (1), barn- (41), bát- (2), bein- (10), beisl- (1), ben- (1), bindendis- (1), birgða- (1), bjarg- (3), blóð- (9), blygðar- (1), bók- (5), bónda- (2), bóta- (20), bót- (20), botn- (1), bráða- (1), bráð- (1), branda- (1), bréfa- (1), bréf- (2), brek- (4), bresta- (1), brigðar- (1), brigzla- (2), brim- (1), brók- (2), brynju- (7), bú·fjár- (1), búk- (1), bú- (14), búnings- (1), byskup- (2), byskups- (12), dáða- (1), dáð- (20), djǫrfungar- (1), dóm- (5), dramb- (1), -drápa-, dropa- (2), dróttin- (2), drykkjar- (1), drykk- (4), dug- (1), dúka- (7), dúk- (5), dyggðar- (7), dýnu- (1), dýrðar- (2), dǿma- (1), dǿmi- (1), dǫgg- (1), efa- (32), efanar- (17), ef- (3), eiða- (2), eið- (4), eigin- (3), eigna- (2), eignar- (3), einarðar- (3), einarð- (1), ekka- (1), eljanar- (2), eljun- (1), elsku- (1), embǽttis- (5), enda- (36), endi- (1), end- (1), erfiðis- (2), erfingja- (10), erma- (6), erm- (2), fagnaðar- (24), fald- (2), fals- (34), fanga- (2), fang- (1), farar·skjóta- (1), far- (2), far·sǽlu- (2), fat- (3), fé·bóta- (1), fegrðar- (1), fé·laga- (1), fé- (54), festa- (1), festar- (3), fjaðr- (1), fjǫtur- (1), flekk- (26), flǽrða- (3), flǽrð- (9), fóðr- (5), forátta- (3), for·falla- (26), for·giftar- (1), for·manna- (2), for·manns- (8), fórnar- (1), for·orðs- (2), for·sagna- (2), for·sagnar- (1), for·sjá- (2), for·smánar- (2), for·stjóra- (3), for·stǫðu- (5), for·urta- (1), for·yfta- (1), forystu- (8), fóta- (1), fót- (1), fram·fǿrslu- (2), fram·kvǽmðar- (3), fremðar- (1), frétta- (2), friða- (1), frið- (9), frjó- (1), frýju- (4), frǽgðar- (2), frǽnd- (15), furðu- (1), fylgðar- (4), fylgsnis- (1), fǿzlu- (1), fǫður- (26), gagn- (1), gá- (28), galdra- (1), galla- (2), gall- (1), gang- (2), garða- (1), garð- (5), geð- (3), gerninga- (5), geymslu- (7), giftu- (3), gjafa- (9), gjafar- (2), gjaf- (2), glósu- (1), glǿpa- (2), goða- (1), goð- (9), goð·orðs- (3), granda- (8), grand- (7), gras- (1), greinar- (9), griða- (6), gróm- (3), grund- (3), grun- (9), grun·semðar- (1), guð- (1), gull- (1), gǽfu- (5), gǽzlu- (5), gǿða- (2), gǿzku- (3), gǫtu- (1), háðungar- (1), hamingju- (3), hams- (2), hand- (4), hár- (5), harm·kvǽla- (1), harm- (2), harneskju- (1), háska- (13), hatr- (2), hatt- (1), hefnda- (13), hefndar- (5), hegningar- (2), heiðar- (1), heiftar- (2), heila- (2), heilsu- (3), heimilðar- (2), heimilis- (1), hendinga- (2), hendingar- (1), her·klǽða- (2), hest- (2), hettu- (1), hey- (1), hirðis- (2), hirtingar- (2), hirtingja- (1), hita- (1), hjalpar- (5), hjalp- (7), hjarta- (3), hlaup·árs- (1), hlið- (2), hlífa- (2), hlífar- (23), hlífðar- (3), hljóð- (2), hlut- (35), hlykk- (1), hneisu- (1), hóf- (6), hreðu- (2), hróp- (5), hugganar- (9), hug- (30), hurða- (2), húsa- (1), hús·freyju- (1), hús- (4), hvarf- (1), hverf- (1), hvíldar- (1), hǽðingar- (1), hǽttu- (5), hǿversku- (2), hǫfðingja- (40), hǫfuð- (31), hǫfuð·synða- (1), hǫkul- (3), hǫkuls- (1), hǫrmungar- (3), iðju- (10), iðnar- (1), iðranar- (7), ifaðar- (2), ifa- (33), ifana(r)- (16), ifan- (3), if- (7), í·leiðingar- (1), inn·sigla- (2), í·stǫðu- (1), í·taka- (4), í·tǫlu- (9), í·þrótta- (5), járna- (1), járn- (1), jarteigna- (2), kallsaða- (1), kalls- (4), kapp- (1), kaupa- (2), kaup- (46), kenningar- (1), kjǫt- (1), klaganar- (1), klakk- (6), klanda- (2), klerk- (1), klǽða- (1), klǽð- (26), klǽkis- (1), koffr- (1), kolf- (5), konu- (1), konung- (5), konungs- (3), kostar- (3), kost- (1), krossa- (2), kvala- (1), kván- (12), kvanta- (1), kvist- (1), kynja- (1), kynstra- (2), kyrtil- (2), kyrtils- (2), kǽru- (4), laga- (3), lama- (2), lamb- (3), land- (2), land·nám- (1), land·náms- (7), lás- (4), lasta- (5), lastar- (1), last- (1), lax·veiðar- (1), leðra- (1), leiðangrs- (1), leiðis- (1), leið·toga- (1), leigu- (18), leista- (2), leyfis- (9), lið- (3), líf- (11), líknar- (2), linda- (3), lín·laka- (2), lit- (11), ljós- (1), log- (2), lokkanar- (1), lok- (9), lygi- (5), lykða- (1), lykils- (1), lýsingar- (1), lýta- (13), lǽgingar- (3), lǫg- (2), lǫg·manns- (1), magn- (7), maktar- (1), mála- (4), mál- (56), mann·drápa- (1), mann·hefnda- (1), mann·hǽttu- (1), mann- (5), mann·skapar- (1), mann·slaga- (1), manns- (2), man·vits- (3), matar- (2), mat- (21), mátt- (6), megin- (11), megins- (1), megn- (4), meiðingar- (1), meina- (21), mein·buga- (3), mein- (45), mein·lǽta- (2), meizla- (1), merg- (1), messu- (2), metnaðar- (1), met·orða- (1), mis·kunnar- (18), mis·kunn- (1), mis·kviða- (1), mis·þykkju- (1), móður- (6), mót- (1), mǿðu- (3), mǫttuls- (1), nafn·bótar- (4), nafn- (1), náttúru- (2), nauða- (1), nauð·synja- (46), nauðungar- (4), nef- (5), nenningar- (2), nennu- (1), nest- (1), nytja- (2), nyt- (2), nyt·semðar- (3), ó·friðar- (3), ógnar- (1), ó·happa- (8), ó·happ- (1), ó·hegning·liga- (1), ok- (1), ó·leyfis- (1), ó·magaða- (1), ó·maga- (4), ó·maks- (3), ó·náða- (1), orða- (8), orð- (2), orku- (1), orlof- (1), orlofs- (25), orrustu- (19), ó·sóma- (1), ótta- (27), ó·veg- (1), ó·vegs- (1), páfa- (9), patínu- (2), penninga- (2), persóna- (1), persónu- (1), pínu- (2), písla- (1), presta- (1), prest- (2), pretta- (12), prett- (2), próf- (1), pyndinga- (2), ráða- (7), ráð- (32), ráð·stafa- (3), rauf- (2), raunar- (2), refsinga- (4), refsingar- (8), reiða- (4), reiði- (1), reiðis- (1), reið·skapar- (2), reiðu- (1), reiknings- (1), réttar- (1), rétt- (17), reyk- (2), riða- (1), riðu- (1), ríkis- (1), rím- (1), ró- (1), ruddu- (2), rǿkðar- (1), saka- (18), sakar- (1), sak- (92), salt- (2), sannenda- (2), sára- (1), sauð- (3), saum- (1), sekða- (30), sekðar- (9), sið- (4), sigr- (5), sinnu- (1), sjón- (28), skaða- (16), skað- (21), skaft- (2), skammar- (1), skamm- (20), skap·rauna- (1), skap·raunar- (2), skarða- (2), skatta- (10), skegg- (15), skemmðar- (5), skikkju- (8), skilningar- (3), skinn- (2), skipa- (1), skipanar- (1), skip·brots- (1), skip- (2), skírnar- (1), skjaldar- (1), skjalfta- (1), skjal- (1), skóg- (4), skó- (11), skrifta- (7), skrǫk- (1), skugga- (2), skulda- (6), skuldar- (1), skuld- (16), ský- (2), skylda- (3), skyld- (1), skyldu- (2), skyn- (38), skyn·semðar- (2), skýringar- (2), skyrtu- (1), sleitna- (1), slysa- (2), slǿgju- (1), smánar- (6), sneypu- (1), snúðar- (1), snúð- (1), snǽ- (14), snǽva- (1), sókna- (1), sóknar- (5), sól- (1), sóma- (4), sona- (2), sonar- (2), son- (15), sorg- (1), sótta- (2), sóttar- (1), sótt- (2), spekðar- (1), spella- (3), spjalda- (1), spjót- (4), stað·festu- (8), stað- (5), staf- (10), stef- (1), stéttar- (1), stillingar- (2), stjórnar- (4), stjórn- (3), stoðar- (2), stoð- (1), stokk- (1), straffanar- (2), strá- (1), strengja- (1), stuðningar- (1), sundr- (26), svarð- (2), svefn- (1), sveina- (2), sviða- (1), svika- (13), sví·virðinga- (1), sví·virðingar- (4), synða- (38), synð- (10), sýn- (2), sýslu- (19), sǽtta- (1), sǿmðar- (9), sǫðul- (1), sǫgu- (1), sǫng- (6), tak- (3), talma- (1), talmanar- (2), tann- (3), taufra- (2), tauma- (2), tempranar- (2), tíða- (4), tíðenda- (25), tígnar- (1), til·kvámu- (1), til·mǽlis- (1), tíma- (1), tímu- (1), tjalda- (1), tjald- (8), toll- (6), tón- (1), tor·velda- (2), traust- (3), tré·fótar- (2), tregða- (2), tré- (1), trú- (14), tungu- (2), tví·mǽlis- (1), tyftanar- (1), tyktanar- (1), ugg- (2), uma- (1), um·bóta- (2), um·hyggju- (3), um·rǿðu- (1), um·sjá- (1), undir·hyggju- (5), undranar- (1), útan·ferða- (1), váða- (4), vánar- (5), vanda- (21), vand·rǽða- (9), ván- (2), vápna- (5), vápn- (55), varð·halds- (1), varð- (1), varð·veizlu- (5), vár·kunnar- (3), var- (2), varnar- (1), varra- (2), vatn- (4), vatns- (1), vátta- (3), vátt- (4), vaxta- (6), veðis- (4), veð- (1), veðr- (2), veðr- (1), veðrs- (1), veðs- (5), véla- (6), vél- (9), venzla- (3), verð- (3), verð·skuldanar- (1), verk- (10), ver- (1), ver- (2), verndar- (2), viðr·fanga- (1), viðr·laga- (1), viðr·lags- (1), villu- (1), vind- (8), vin- (1), vín- (2), virðinga- (1), virðingar- (3), vista- (4), vist- (9), víta- (1), víti- (3), vítis- (20), vit- (42), vitna- (6), vitnis·burðar- (1), vitnis- (3), vǽgðar- (15), vǫrzlu- (6), yfir·hafna- (2), yfir·hafnar- (5), þak- (2), þarf- (36), þausna- (1), þef- (1), þela- (1), þjónustu- (11), þoku- (1), þol- (1), þorsta- (1), þrauta- (2), þrautar- (11), þraut- (7), þrek- (6), þrifnaðar- (1), þrota- (2), þrótt- (2), þrǽtu- (1), þusu- (1), þykkju- (1), ǽru- (9), ørenda- (1), ørendis- (15), ørend- (10), ørends- (2), ør·kumla- (4), ør·kymla- (3), ør- (4), ǫfundar- (12), ǫfund- (5), ǫfunds- (1)

Gloss.: EJ (cf. corr.); ClV item (all-) alllaust n.; Fr item alllaust adv.; Hertzb; Suppl4 lòss, lòuss; Bin -lauss, -lausa, lausi; Rím -s; LP; Med lausur; AH; deVr; Fr4; NO item laust adv.; ÁBlM (laus) ; Bl

Literature: Agnes S. Arnórsdóttir 2006 [Saga 44:1] 210, 212; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 23; Heidermanns 1993 366-367; Kiil 1955 [ANF 70] 149; Lundeby 1947 [ANF 62] 76, 78; Reichborn-Kjennerud 1944 58; Ruthström 2002 102, 132, 138, 145; Seip 1955 141, 145; Sverdrup 1911 [ANF 27] 28; Vilhjálmur Finsen 1883 675, 705; Western 1934 [MM 1934] 67

Genre. (expected): historical works: 86 (80); religious works: 84 (122); family sagas: 72 (55); legal works: 54 (44); contemporary sagas: 49 (34); romances: 39 (47); charters: 36 (35); legendary sagas: 28 (19); þættir: 16 (10); learned works: 11 (14); unclassified: 8 (2);

Simonetta Battista — Maj 2017