Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

gras sb. n.

1) (item pl. grǫs; item coll.) grass, vegetation, herbage, plant (incl. those that are edible)
 ● orð grǿr við grǫs
2) grassland, pasture, grazing land
 ● hafa hest á grasi
 ● láta hesta á gras
 ● hníga/... í gras, hníga at grasi
3) (of any herbage with special properties, esp. medicinal) herb
   ‖  (propr. comp.):
4) (pl.) (for ‘fjallagrǫs’ Iceland moss = Cetraria islandica?)

Forms: gras (69); gros (13); grasa (13); grasi (10); graus (9); grös (5); grǫs (5); grösum (5); grỏs (4); gravsvm (3); grosom (3); grasit (3); grase (3); grỏsum (3); grass (2); grausum (2); grosin (2); Grỏs (2); grasinv (1); Gras (1); grꜹsom (1); gravs (1); grỏsinn (1); grosvm (1); grosum (1); grỏss (1); graꜱ (1); grỏsvm (1);

Compounds: buðka- (1), bú- (1), grǿðingar- (1), halm- (1), hóf- (1), húsa- (1), kú·sumars- (1), lausnar- (1), lífs- (2), litanar- (2), litar- (1), lit- (1), lǽkningar- (1), lǽknis- (7), mandra- (1), mýrar- (1), nagla- (1), rauða- (1), roða- (1), rósa- (1), rubra- (1), sanctorum- (1), sauð- (3), skógar- (2), súr- (1), svefn- (2), svefni- (1)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; LP; Med; AH; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl; WPA pl., item Petronus gras

Literature: Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 100, 200; Bjorvand 1994 9, 33, 34; Gade 1995 [SS 67] passim; Grønvik 1989 [MM 1989] 15f.; Guðrún P. Helgadóttir 1981 180; Høeg 1965 [KLNM 10] 361; Kölbing 1878 214; Lindroth 1909 [ANF 25] 101; Salvesen 1968 58; Seip 1959 [KLNM 4] 168

Genre. (expected): religious works: 58 (44); romances: 39 (17); family sagas: 14 (20); historical works: 13 (29); legal works: 10 (16); learned works: 8 (5); charters: 8 (13); legendary sagas: 7 (7); contemporary sagas: 6 (12); þættir: 3 (4);

Christopher Sanders — Maj 2011