Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

gjǫf, gjaf | “gæf”, [“giæfir” etc.] sb. f.

.

1) [við e-n] gift
 ● gefa/fǿra (...) gjǫf [e-m]
 ● hjá þessarri gjǫf
 ● leiða á/í braut (með) ... gjǫfum, leiða út með ... gjǫfum [e-n]
 ● leysa (á) braut með ... gjǫfum [e-n]
 ● þiggja (...) gjǫf [e-rs / af e-m / at e-m]
2) (of inheritance, i.e. bestowal by testament)
 ● ǽttleiða/... til gjalds ok (til) gjafar [e-n]
3) (of dowry; in conn. with payment of mundr sb. m. and associated mynding sb. f.)
4) (of a supplementary fine, paid in addition to the wergild which is prescribed in the immediately preceding text)
5) (of inherited capability, talent)
6) (of spiritual gift(s))
   ‖  (propr. comp. (of the papal indulgence granted to crusaders)):
 ● gjǫf guðs
 ● með guðs gjǫf
 ● gjǫf heilags anda / ins helga anda
7) (of a donation to a clerical organisation)
8) (spec.) (of a bribe, cf. OED)

Forms: giafar (50); giof (36); gjafar (24); giafir (20); gjafir (14); giafer (13); giofum (10); giaver (7); giæver (7); giafarnar (5); giỏf (5); gjǫf (4); giǫf (3); giafa (3); gjöf (3); giavar (3); giǫfvm (2); giavir (2); gjǫfum (2); giafum (2); giæva (1); giaff (1); gíæfuer (1); giæfuum (1); Giǫf (1); giofna (1); giæfuer (1); giauir (1); giaffir (1); gioven (1); gíafar (1); gíofum (1); gæfva (1); gjafa (1); giofvm (1); gæf (1); gjöfum (1); giỏfum (1); giafwar (1); Gjafir (1); Giafar (1); giofumm (1); giaua (1); giauum (1); gæfer (1); giaufum (1); gjafarnar (1); giofuum (1); giafvar (1); giæfír (1); Gjafar (1); giafuer (1); gæver (1); gjafirnar (1); gíafuir (1);

Compounds: af- (12), anda- (11), andar- (1), árs- (2), ástar- (8), ást- (24), auga- (1), bekkjar- (30), drykkjar- (1), fata- (1), fé- (44), festar- (4), festnar- (1), fiski- (1), fjár- (3), fjórðungs- (35), for- (1), frelsis- (3), frum- (4), glap- (1), griða- (6), guðs- (10), gýli- (1), halfs·annars·eyris- (1), heilsu- (38), heiman- (6), hest- (1), hey- (3), heyja- (1), hrossa- (1), hǫfuð- (2), inn- (1), jafnaðar- (9), jafna- (1), jarl·dóms- (1), jarls- (2), jóla- (10), kirkna- (1), konungs- (3), kven- (2), kynnis- (1), lands- (1), lands·vistar- (1), land·tjalds- (2), líf- (29), lífs- (1), lǫg- (24), lǫgu- (1), mála- (28), mál·snilldar- (1), mat- (22), með- (1), mis·kunnar- (11), mis·kunn·semðar- (1), morgin- (13), mútu- (8), náttúru- (22), óðals- (1), oxa- (2), penninga- (1), próventu- (1), rétt·lǽtis- (2), sálu- (15), sex·aura- (1), sigr- (4), sigr·vegara- (1), skatt- (13), skikkju- (1), skjalda- (1), skjaldar- (1), skyldar- (1), smá- (1), spá·dóms- (2), staða- (1), stór- (24), sýslu·manns- (1), sǽvar- (1), sǿmðar- (1), testamenta- (1), testamentis- (1), testamentum- (2), tígnar- (1), til- (60), tíunda- (1), tíundar- (16), trað- (1), undir- (4), upp- (14), út- (1), vatnanar·nǽtr·mat- (1), veizlu- (2), veldis- (1), verð- (1), vígslu- (3), vin- (44), virðingar- (2), vitranar- (1), þjónustu- (1), þrif- (2), þriggja·aura- (1), þurftar- (1), þyrni- (1), ǽtt·leiðingar- (1), ǫlmusu- (11)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; Suppl4 -jo-; Bin Giaf-, Giafa; Rím; LP; AH; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM (gjöf); BL

Literature: Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 219; Bjørkvik 1957 [KLNM 2] 412; Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 378; Finnur Jónsson 1914 [ANF 30] 89; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 20; Grøtvedt 1939 133; Gunnar F. Guðmundsson 2000 184, 220-1, 281, 329; Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir 2000 190-1; Hamre 1958 [KLNM 3] 225; Hamre 1960 [KLNM 5] 653 ff.; Housken 1954 [ANF 69] 28; Hægstad 1899 58; Hægstad 1915 20; Hægstad 1916 12; Inga Huld Hákonardóttir 2000 189-90, 230, 266; Inga Huld Hákonardóttir 2000 190; Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 239; Margrét Jónasdóttir 1991 [Sagnir 12] 64-69; Marstrander 1928 153-154; Maurer 1907Ï 204; Maurer 1908 (Kirch) 519-524, 526, 528, 530, ...; Meyer 1960 [KLNM 5] 669; Ruthström 2002 199; Seip 1955 122; Strömbäck 1935 [ANF 51] 108-109; Tveitane 1968 144

Genre. (expected): religious works: 59 (65); family sagas: 45 (30); historical works: 40 (43); legal works: 32 (23); romances: 23 (25); charters: 18 (19); contemporary sagas: 12 (18); learned works: 9 (8); legendary sagas: 8 (10); þættir: 4 (5);

Christopher Sanders — Maj 2011