Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

gestr sb. m.

I.

1) guest
2) (of a foreign trader)

the implication of these citations is that the royal court seeks to control trade between foreigners in Norwegian harbours

3) a royal retainer, spy or member of an attack group (of different and lower status than a hirðmaðr)

cf. Hollander 1921-23 [SS 7] 63

II. (cogn.)

III. (propr. pers.) (cf. Kaplan 2004 [Gripla 15])

Forms: gestir (23); gesta (14); gestr (11); Gestr (10); gesti (8); gestum (7); gest (6); geste (3); gester (3); gestinn (3); gestinum (2); gestirnir (2); gæst (2); gestrinn (2); Gesturinn (2); gæstr (1); gestær (1); Gester (1); gestar (1); gestí (1); gistina (1); Gestz (1); gæstir (1); gestina (1); gestanna (1); Gestirnir (1); Gestir (1); gestom (1); gestinom (1); Gestrinn (1); gestur (1); Gest (1); gestz (1); gesster (1);

Compounds: and·vara- (3), au·fúsu- (5), nǽtr- (3), skemmðar- (2), vá- (3), vetr- (9)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; HertzbTill; Bin item -gestr; Rím; LP; AH; deVr (cf. corr.); Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Literature: Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 226, 229; Blom 1960 [KLNM 5] 696 ff.; Breisch 1994 68, 100; Bugge 1905 70-75; Finnur Jónsson 1914 [ANF 30] 89; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 20; Hamre 1961 [KLNM 6] 573; Hoffmeyer 1956 [KLNM 1] 400; Hollander 1921-1923 [SS 7] 176; Holtsmark 1961 [KLNM 6] 256; Jón Jóhannesson 1948 119; Kaplan 2004 [Gripla 15] ; Mawer 1932-1933 [APS 7] 27; Seip 1955 24, 28, 149; Seip 1960 [KLNM 5] 336 ff.; Seip 1961 [KLNM 6] 581

Genre. (expected): historical works: 37 (20); legal works: 24 (11); charters: 13 (9); þættir: 10 (3); contemporary sagas: 9 (8); religious works: 9 (31); family sagas: 6 (14); legendary sagas: 4 (5); romances: 4 (12); unclassified: 1 (0);

Christopher Sanders — Januar 2012