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ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

garðr sb. m.

I.

1) fence (principally Norwegian citations)

for the most detailed presentation of uses of ‘garðr’, cf. Hertzb; on the relative fragility of a fence as opposed to a wall, cf. garðsmugull adj.

 ● gildr garðr
 ● garðr eða/... grind
 ● innan garðs
2) wall (of turf and stones, the clearest examples are usually Icelandic, in some cases ‘rampart’ might be appropriate)

on wall-work in Grágás, cf. Konungsbók §§ 181, 188-189, 205-206; it is often misleading to insist on a distinction between def. 2 ‘wall’, def. 4. ‘enclosure, yard’ and def. 5. ‘farm, homestead’ hence the unsorted citations in def. 10*

 ● gildr garðr
 ● innan garðs
 ● útan garðs
3) row of men (for ‘manngarðr’)
4) enclosure, yard, courtyard (“garth”), hay-yard
 ● hegna/verja með gǽzlu ok gǫrðum
 ● innan garðs
 ● útan garðs
   ‖  (propr. comp.):
6) farm, homestead, home, estate (the “garth” as an economic (agrarian) or household unit)
 ● innan garðs
 ● útan garðs
7) privy in a yard
 ● ganga til garðs
8) (of a court / set of buildings which constitutes a court, i.e. a distinguished/administrative household, e.g. king’s or bishop’s/lǫgmaðr’s/sýslumaðr’s, etc.)
 ● útan garðs
9) town house (house and yard with outhouses in a town, in Norway only), town courtyard
10) (‘the homestead’ as a representation of sby’s finances or as a concept in metaphoric expressions for a point of departure or standpoint)
 ● falla í garð [e-rs]
 ● gera/leysa af garði [e-n] [með e-u]
 ● eiga hǫgg í garði [e-rs]
11*) unsorted (mainly def. 2., 4., 5)

II. (y. no.)

III. (propr. topogr.)

Forms: garð (84); garði (56); garðz (43); gard (39); garðe (31); garde (30); gardz (28); garða (28); garðinn (23); garda (19); gardi (17); gardinn (17); garðinum (16); garðs (16); garðr (15); gardinum (11); garðrinn (7); gardenom (7); garþi (6); gorðum (6); garðinvm (6); garz (5); Garðr (5); gardin (5); garðinom (5); garþa (4); garðzens (4); garðum (4); gards (4); garðenom (4); gardr (3); görðum (3); gǫrðum (3); garzs (3); garsz (3); garðenum (3); gardar (3); garðana (3); gorþom (2); gordum (2); garþiɴ (2); garþinom (2); garþe (2); gardenum (2); gardsens (2); gaurdum (2); gardenn (2); garðenn (2); garðínvm (2); garþ (2); gaurðum (2); gꜳrd (2); Garðrinn (2); garþinn (2); garðiɴ (2); garden (2); Garþi (2); Garda (1); garðrenn (1); gardt (1); gardinumm (1); garðriɴ (1); garðsens (1); Garþr (1); garþar (1); gardrenn (1); gardszens (1); gardhenom (1); garðzins (1); gorðom (1); gardæ (1); Gardr (1); gardaʀ (1); gardinom (1); gardhe (1); garðanum (1); Garðz (1); görðom (1); gardænæ (1); garðí (1); gardrin (1); ghardenom (1); Gardinum (1); gardzens (1); gardí (1); gørðum (1); Garþinvm (1); gardur (1); gardzs (1); gardinvm (1); garðin (1); gars (1); gardrinn (1);

Compounds: aldin- (13), aldins- (2), apaldrs- (7), arfa- (1), bakara- (1), bauna- (1), bónda·kirkju- (2), bróður- (2), bryggju- (1), brǿðra- (6), búanda·kirkju- (5), bú- (30), byskups- (36), bǿi- (1), dróttningar- (2), dýra- (4), dýr- (5), enda·merkr- (1), engja- (2), engju- (1), epla- (26), erki·byskups- (17), ertra- (1), fast- (2), fiski- (2), fjall- (14), fjǫr·baugs- (10), for- (1), fylkis·kirkju- (2), fǫður- (18), galga- (1), geila- (3), graf- (1), gras- (65), grind- (1), grjót- (9), guðs·móður·kirkju- (1), haga- (17), hag·fellis- (2), hag·fellu- (1), hag·festu- (2), hey- (10), hey·stakk- (1), hirð- (4), hlað- (1), hlaupa- (1), hofa- (1), hof- (9), hofs- (2), horna- (1), hraun- (2), húsa- (4), hvanna- (5), hvann- (7), hǫfuð- (2), hǫfuð·kirkju- (1), inn·gerðis- (1), jarða- (1), jaxl- (1), jurta- (2), kál- (7), kancelers- (2), keisara- (3), ker- (1), ketil- (1), kirkju- (70), klaustra- (3), klaustr- (2), klokkara- (1), kommúns- (3), konung- (1), konungs- (75), kór·brǿðra- (1), korn- (1), kórs·brǿðra- (18), krása·gras- (2), krist·kirkju- (4), krists·kirkju- (6), kvía- (2), láfa- (3), lá- (5), landa·merkis- (1), landa·merkja- (1), langi- (2), lauka- (13), laxa- (2), lé- (1), lends·manns- (1), lǫg- (10), lǫg·manns- (2), lǫg·stakk- (2), mann- (3), mark- (6), meðal- (11), merki- (17), merkis- (2), mið- (11), móður- (1), mosa- (2), munka- (1), mýrar·engju- (2), naust- (1), naut- (2), norðr- (5), nǽpna- (2), orgu·viða- (1), orgu·viðar- (1), orma- (1), orm- (7), páfa- (24), postula·kirkju- (1), predikara- (3), presta- (5), prest- (8), prófast- (1), próventu- (1), ref- (1), refs- (1), réttar- (3), rima- (1), sker- (3), skíð- (26), skíðna- (1), skip- (1), skjól- (2), skreiðar- (2), spítals- (1), spjót- (2), stakka- (1), stakk- (28), staura- (1), staurar- (1), staur- (1), stein- (1), stein·kirkju- (1), stekks- (1), stǫðu- (5), suðr- (8), sǽl·lífis·gras- (1), tann- (12), tjald·búðar- (3), torf- (1), traðar- (3), tún- (46), tǫðu- (1), ulf- (1), uppi- (1), út- (10), vág- (1), vallar- (11), vatna- (2), veitu- (1), villi·dýra- (1), vín- (40), virkis- (2), þver- (8)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Suppl2 ¹Garðr, ²garðr; Fr; Hertzb; Bin -garðr; Rím; LP; AH; deVr ¹˜²garðr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Literature: Agnes S. Arnórsdóttir 2006 [Saga 44:1] 209; Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 186, 191; Bandle 1977 [Rit 12] 59; Berg 1960 [KLNM 5] 631-632; Bjorvand 1994 92; Bjørkvik 1960 [KLNM 5] 625-631; Boer 1900 [ASB 8] 54; Bøe 1963 [KLNM 8] 396; Faulkes 1964 [ÍT 5] 125, 128; Finnur Jónsson 1914 [ANF 30] 88; Frimannslund 1961 [KLNM 6] 287; Gering 1916 [ANF 32] 8; Gjøstein 1934 [ANF 50] 101; Granlund 1959 [KLNM 4] 346; Granlund 1959 [KLNM 4] 347; Grieg 1961 [KLNM 6] 447; Guðrún Nordal 1998 157; Hamre 1961 [KLNM 6] 629; Hastrup 1985 60, 141, 143, 147, 151, 152; Helgi Sk. Kjartansson 1994 [Skáldsk 3] 246; Holm-Olsen 1969 212 f.; Hovda 1960 [KLNM 5] 191 ff.; Hægstad 1902 24; Hægstad 1916 41; Høeg 1961 [KLNM 6] 262; Kristján Eldjárn 1960 [KLNM 5] 632-635; Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 604; Magnús Stefánsson 2000 24, 35, 64, 95, 102, 105 ...; Marstrander 1915 61, 78, 94, 95, 116, 127; Marstrander 1932 (Man) 115, 126, 182-183; Marwick 1952 232; Marwick 1952 8-9, 24, 32, 40 o. fl.; Nicolaysen 1890 (Kjøbst) 404, 408, 437; Nordling 1930-1931 [NB 18] 158; Seip 1930 218; Seip 1955 33, 111, 141, 147f., 289; Sigurður Þórarinsson 1944 134; Svavar Sigmundsson 1993 [Saga 31] 228

Genre. (expected): legal works: 183 (59); charters: 115 (48); family sagas: 92 (75); historical works: 87 (108); religious works: 57 (166); contemporary sagas: 43 (46); romances: 24 (64); þættir: 13 (14); unclassified: 11 (2); legendary sagas: 11 (26); learned works: 7 (19);

Christopher Sanders — Februar 2011