Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

1gagn, “gang”, “gang-”, “gangn”, “gangnum”, “gongnum” sb. n.

1) [e-m/e-u(almúga)] [at e-u/e-m] help, assistance, benefit, profit
 ● verða/koma/... at ... gagni [e-m]
 ● gera gagn [e-m/sér]
 ● gagn ok gaman
 ● til gagns ok gifta/góði/greiði
 ● hafa gagn [af e-m/e-u]
 ● gǫgn ok gǿði
 ● gǫgn ok hlunnendi
 ● hvers/margs manns gagn
 ● gagn ok nýtsemð
 ● gagn stendr [af e-m/e-u]
 ● (koma/verða/...) til ... gagns [e-m/sér]
2) (pl.) gear, equipment, tools
3) baggage
4) (formal means of) proof, witness, testimony, one who presents formal proof/testimony
 ● halda gǫgnum
 ● eftir vitnum ok gǫgnum
5) victory
6*) ?

Forms: gagn (75); gagns (41); gognum (20); gogn (15); gagna (14); gagni (13); gögn (5); gangs (5); gagne (4); gangn (4); gǫgnum (4); gögnom (3); goghnum (3); gǫgn (3); gaugnum (3); gagnn (3); gagnni (2); gognom (2); gongnum (2); gỏgnum (2); gaghne (1); gꜹgn (1); gangnum (1); gangh (1); gögnum (1); gagnns (1); gaghn (1); göngum (1); Gogn (1); ganghs (1); gang (1); gognom (1); gognvm (1); gavgnvm (1);

Compounds: al·mennis- (1), borð- (1), búðar- (5), bú- (6), búrs- (1), bús- (17), -dóms-, elds- (8), farar- (1), far- (9), fé·ráns·dóms- (1), fé·ráns- (1), ferju- (1), fiski- (4), fjǫru- (6), fram- (1), frum- (6), fǿzlu- (1), a- (3), handar- (4), heitu- (3), hlaða- (1), hval- (3), land- (9), leigu·liða- (2), ljúg- (1), lǫg- (1), mál- (1), nótar- (1), ó- (10), orð- (1), reiði- (1), reka- (4), sakar- (1), sigr- (1), smá·bús- (3), sóknar- (15), sǽvar- (1), varna- (1), varnar- (6), veiði- (4), ver- (4), þara- (1), ǫl- (17)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Finsen pl.; Fr; Hertzb; Bin -gagn ; Rím; LP; Med; AH; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Literature: Bandle 1956 [BA 17] 130; Falk 1914 99; Grøtvedt 1939 104; Hægstad 1899 36; Magnús Stefánsson 2000 12, 49, 83, 99, 104, 106...; Maurer 1908 (Verw) 475; Maurer 1910 508, 642, 808; Seip 1955 78, 170, 282; Torfi H. Tulinius 2016 [SB 40] 93, 100; Vilhjálmur Finsen 1883 630-631

Genre. (expected): legal works: 65 (22); charters: 38 (18); historical works: 36 (40); family sagas: 32 (28); religious works: 28 (62); romances: 15 (24); contemporary sagas: 10 (17); legendary sagas: 5 (10); learned works: 3 (7); unclassified: 3 (1); þættir: 2 (5);

Christopher Sanders — September 2011