Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

faðmr, “fafn”, “famn-”, fagn sb. m. [-s, dat. -i/-; -ar]

I.

1) (udbredte) arme, (favnende) arme, favn, omfavnelse, favntag, skød, (kærlig) beskyttelse ‖ (outstretched) arms, (embracing) arms, embrace, lap, (loving) protection
 ● faðmr Abrahams(/hans)

Lewis & Short sinus def. II.2.e: Sinus Abrahae “the place of the spirits of the just”

 ● breiða faðm [(í) móti e-m/e-u]
 ● fallask í faðma
 ● fylgð ok faðmr
 ● leggjask í faðma
 ● taka í faðm sér, taka í sinn faðm [e-n/e-t]
2) (spec.) (kristendommens/kirkens) arme, favn, domæne ‖ embrace, domain (of Christianity/the church)
 ● taka í sinn faðm [e-t]
3) fold (el. lign.) i øverste del af klædedragt (cf. lat. sinus), bryst, barm ‖ fold (or similar) of the upper part of a garment, bosom

Lewis & Short sinus def. II.A “The hanging fold of the upper part of the toga, about the breast, the bosom of a garment; also the bosom of a person; sometimes also the lap”

4) (geogr.) område, ?midte (cf. lat. sinus) ‖ area, ?middle
5) ?omfang, udstrækning, ?indhold (for farmr sb. m.?) ‖ ?scope, extent, ?contents
6) (til brug ved måltagning) afstand mellem fingerspidserne idet armene er udbredt, favn ‖ (for use in measurement) distance between fingertips with outstretched arms, fathom
7) (længdemål) afstand svarende til afstanden mellem fingerspidserne idet armene er udbredt, favn ‖ (measure of length) distance corresponding to the distance between fingertips with outstretched arms, fathom

= 3 1/2 alen, cf. Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 161; ~ 172,2 cm? cf. Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 110 note 97; ang. faðmr = 4 alen, cf. Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 445

8*) (længdemål) (transl. lat. cubitum ‘alen’) ‖ (measure of length) (transl. lat. cubitum ‘cubit, ell’)
9*) (rummål for hø) ?favn, favnfuld (cf. ODS Favn 4.2), ?et vist antal hestebyrder (cf. Blöndal faðmur 2.b), ?kubikfavn (cf. málfaðmr sb. m.)

ODS Favn def. 4.2 “rummaal for brænde (egl. rum af 3 alens højde og bredde og 1 alens dybde) = 72 kubikfod”; ODS Favnfuld “saa meget som man paa een gang kan holde i favnen”; Blöndal def. 2.b “een Kubikfavn ... Hø, 20-30 Hestbyrder ...”

II. (y. no.)

Forms: faðma (22); faðm (21); fadm (14); fadma (12); faðmi (11); fadmi (7); faþm (6); fadms (5); faðms (3); fadmenn (2); faþms (2); famnum (2); faghne (2); faðmum (2); faþmi (2); Fadms (1); fꜳdm (1); faðmíɴ (1); fodmum (1); foþmom (1); fadmí (1); fadmar (1); fadminn (1); fadme (1); faðmí (1); faþme (1); faðmvm (1); Faþmr (1); faðme (1); faðmar (1); föðmum (1);

Compounds: brúðar- (3), hóranar- (1), lǫg- (1), mál- (2), mis·kunnar- (7), tǫðu- (2)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; LP; Med -d-; AH; AJ; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Literature: Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 110 note 97; Grøtvedt 1939 115; Gísli Gestsson 1969 [Fornl 1968] ; Jansson 1959 [KLNM 4] 160-161; Jochens 1996 (Sex) 372; Kock 1908 [ANF 24] 181-183; Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 161; Magnús M. Lárusson 1959 [KLNM 4] 445; Seip 1955 168, 284; Walter 1976 123

Genre. (expected): religious works: 57 (34); legal works: 19 (12); romances: 15 (13); historical works: 14 (22); contemporary sagas: 8 (9); family sagas: 7 (15); þættir: 3 (3); legendary sagas: 2 (5); charters: 1 (10); learned works: 1 (4);

Helle Degnbol — Januar 2010