Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

erfð sb. f. [-ar; -ir]

I.

1) [á e-u] (item pl. erfðir) arvegang, arveret ‖ (item pl.) inheritance, right of/to inheritance
   ‖  (propr. comp.):
 ● at (réttum) erfðum
 ● taka/... at erfð(um) [e-t] [eftir e-n]
 ● tǿmisk at/í erfð [e-t] [e-m]
 ● eftir réttri erfð/réttum) erfðum
 ● halda upp erfðum

“eg. gjøre sin arveret gjældende; dernæst: overtage arven”, Hertzb

 ● í erfð
 ● berr í erfð [e-t]
 ● ganga/... í erfð(ir) [eftir e-n]
 ● taka í erfð(ir) [e-t] [eftir e-n]
 ● með erfðum
 ● með réttri/... erfð/réttum erfðum
 ● nǽstr (með) erfðum [eftir e-n]
 ● til erfða(r) [eftir e-n]
 ● berr til erfðar [■] [e-n] [eftir e-n]
 ● falla til erfða [eftir e-n]
 ● fellr til erfða [■] [eftir e-n] [e-m]
2) arveklasse ‖ class/degree of inheritance
3) (item pl. erfðir) arvegods, det som arves, arv ‖ (item pl.) legacy, heritage
 ● erfð tǿmisk [e-m / með e-m]
4) [e-s / í e-u] (om det at arve Guds rige/det evige liv ‖ of inheriting the kingdom of God/everlasting life)
5) (om arven efter Kristus ɔ: kristendommen ‖ of the inheritance of Christ ɔ: Christianity)

cf. Blaise hereditas def. 3, 5

6) (coll.) rester, det resterende ‖ (coll.) remains
7) arvegilde, gravøl ‖ wake
 ● drekka erfð [e-rs]
8*) (transl. err. for arving? ‖ transl. err. for heir?)

II. (y. no.)

Forms: erfð (66); erfd (30); erfðum (25); ærfð (13); erfðom (12); erfda (7); erfdum (6); erfðir (6); ærfðum (5); erfdar (5); erfða (3); ærfða (3); erfdvm (3); ærfðir (2); erfdir (2); erfþum (2); erfþ (2); erfðin (2); Erfðir (2); erfdha (2); erfdæn (1); ærfðom (1); erfðinni (1); Erfdir (1); erfðer (1); ærfðvm (1); ærffd (1); erfðina (1); ærfðar (1); erfð (1); erfdom (1); erfðiɴi (1); ærfden (1); ærffdum (1); erfðariɴar (1); erfþar (1); erfþina (1); erfðar (1); erfþena (1);

Compounds: brand- (3), far·manna- (1), fé·laga- (1), frǽnd- (3), fǫður- (3), gest- (1), gjaf- (1), gǫngu·manna- (1), gǫngu·manns- (1), hornungs- (1), hrísungs- (1), hús·karls- (2), karl- (1), konunga- (8), konungs- (6), land- (1), leysingja- (1), leysings- (1), móður- (1), ó·borins- (1), skip- (1), út- (1), van- (1)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Finsen (arfr); Fr; Hertzb item litla erfð; Rím; LP; AH; deVr (erfa); Fr4; NO; Bl

Literature: Dennis, Foote & Perkins 2000 380; Grøtvedt 1939 94; Nygaard 1917 23; Seip 1931 [MM 1931] 57; Seip 1955 150, 184, 273; Vilhjálmur Finsen 1849 [ANOH 1849] 290-331

Genre. (expected): legal works: 119 (21); religious works: 39 (58); charters: 20 (17); historical works: 15 (38); contemporary sagas: 8 (16); family sagas: 6 (26); romances: 6 (22); unclassified: 1 (1); legendary sagas: 1 (9); þættir: 1 (5); learned works: 1 (7);

Christopher Sanders — April 2010