Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

1elda vb. [-ld-]

(cf. -eldr adj.)

A.

1) [e-t] tænde, antænde ‖ light, set light to
2) [e-t] [undir e-u] [til e-s] [e-u] [e-m] fyre op (i ngt) (under ngt) (med ngt) (for ngn), opvarme ‖ set light to and warm up (in sth.) (under sth.) (with sth.) (for sby), burn, warm
3) [e-t] [í e-t] (fig.) optænde ‖ (fig.) inflame, excite
4)
 ● ‖ impers.: eldir [af e-u] [með e-jum] (fig.) det ulmer (efter ngt) ‖ (fig.) it smoulders on (after sth.)
5)
 ● ‖ ?impers.: eldir [e-t] der er en lysning (i ngt), (nat) bliver lysere, det klarer op (i uvejr) (²elda vb. if. ClV, Blöndal) ‖ (sth.) becomes brighter, (night) becomes lighter, (weather) clears up
6) [e-t] lutre, smelte ‖ purify, smelt
 ● elda grátt silfr (lutre gråt/urent sølv ɔ:) spille hinanden puds, kives (for en lidt anden tolkning ‘se sølv blive gråt/urent under lutringsprocessen’ cf. HHOrðt, 394) ‖ (purify grey/impure silver ɔ:) play tricks on each other, bicker (for a slightly different interpretation ‘watch silver turn grey during purification’ cf. HHOrðt, 394)
7) [e-t] [með e-u] (fig.) smelte ‖ (fig.) melt
8) [e-t] [með e-u] gnubbe varm ‖ rub warm

á: elda á

 ● ‖ impers.: eldir á [■] [e-u] (fig.) (ngt) blusser op ‖ (fig.) (sth.) flames up

C. eldask

[e-m] [af ■] (fig.) optændes ‖ (fig.) be inflamed

Forms: ellda (14); elldi (5); elda (3); ellt (3); elldir (2); eldi (2); elldu (2); elldt (1); ælda (1); eldisk (1); ellða (1); eldim (1); eldir (1); Elldu (1); elt (1);

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Suppl2; Fr ¹elda; Hertzb; Rím; LP; AH; deVr ¹elda; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM (eldur); Bl ¹˜²elda (cf. corr.)

Genre. (expected): historical works: 14 (7); legal works: 7 (4); religious works: 6 (10); family sagas: 5 (5); contemporary sagas: 3 (3); þættir: 2 (1); legendary sagas: 1 (2); charters: 1 (3);