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ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

3ef conjunc.

(cf. *af conjunc.)

A. (indledende adverbiel bisætning introducing a dependent adverbial clause)

   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
 ● ef at hvis, dersom (+ conj.) ‖ if, should (the situation arise) that
 ● nú ef hvis nu (+ ind.) ‖ if now
 ● útan ef eigi medmindre (+ ind.) ‖ unless
 ● þegar ef hvis, i tilfælde af at (+ ind.) ‖ if, in the event that
2) (bisætningen angiver grund) eftersom, siden (~ er/es conjunc.) (+ ind.) ‖ (the dependent clause is causal) since
   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
4) (bisætningen angiver tid) da, som (for er/es conjunc.?) (+ ind.) ‖ (the dependent clause is temporal) when

B. (indledende adjektivisk (relativ) bisætning introducing a dependent adjectival (relative) clause)

som, hvor (~ er/es conjunc.) (+ ind.) ‖ that

C. (indledende substantivisk bisætning introducing a dependent noun clause)

   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (m. pronominal repræsentation (þat, hitt) ‖ with pronominal representation (þat, hitt)) (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
   ‖  (m. pronominal repræsentation (þat) ‖ with pronominal representation (þat)) (+ conj.):
   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (m. pronominal repræsentation (þat) ‖ with pronominal representation (þat)) (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
   ‖  (m. pronominal repræsentation (þat) ‖ with pronominal representation (þat)) (+ conj.):
3) (bisætningen er styrelse for adj.) hvis at, at/hvis eventuelt, hvis virkelig (+ ind./conj.?) ‖ (the dependent clause is governed by an adj.) should it happen that, in the event that
   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):
   ‖  (+ ind.):
   ‖  (+ conj.):

Forms: ef (249); æf (70); Ef (17); af (2); ep (2); em (1); æm (1); ept (1);

Gloss.: EJ (if); ClV (ef sb.); Fr; FrErr3; Hertzb item em; HertzbTill; LP; Med item af; AH; AJ; deVr; Fr4 item em; NO; ÁBlM (ef sb.); Bl

Literature: Brøndum-Nielsen 1971-1973 [APS 29] 103; Helgi Sk. Kjartansson pers. 2004 (konsulent april 2004) //; Nygaard 1883 [ANF 1] 139, 140; Nygaard 1917 39; Seip 1949 [ANF 64] 158-159; Ståhle 1958 148-168; Western 1934 [MM 1934] 63; Western 1936 [MM 1936] 26, 31; Western 1936 [MM 1936] 30

Genre. (expected): historical works: 111 (59); religious works: 56 (91); family sagas: 56 (41); learned works: 52 (10); legal works: 28 (32); contemporary sagas: 24 (25); romances: 8 (35); þættir: 3 (7); legendary sagas: 2 (14); charters: 2 (26); unclassified: 1 (1);