ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

drengr, dreng (DI VIII (*1521›Steph 27ˣ) 819²⁰) sb. m. [-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja]

I.

1) person af høj integritet, person af ære, brav person, modig/tapper person ‖ person of integrity, person of honour, stalwart, courageous/brave person

 ●góðr/... drengr

 ● eiga dreng í serk (sér) [■] have mod og mandshjerte (til ngt) ‖ have the courage (to do sth.)

 ●sigrar dreng [e-t] [fyrir e-m] (ngn) mister modet ‖ (sby) loses courage

2) ung mand (som ikke endnu har stiftet bo) ‖ young man (who has not yet set up house)

 ●ungr drengr

3) (i tiltale til en ofte yngre mand ‖ when addressing an often younger male)

4) (slags) menneske, fyr, skabning ‖ (sort of) person, fellow, creature

 ●vándr/... drengr

 ●drengr at verri dårligt menneske (af den grund) (cf. at præp. IV C def. 2) ‖ base fellow (for that reason)

5) (om mand i ngns tjeneste) svend, dreng, tjener ‖ (of a male in sby’s service) boy, servant

6) (om barn) dreng ‖ (of a child) boy

7) reb hvormed sejlets forreste nederste hjørne fastgøres til bommen (‘beitiáss’) (cf. Falk 1912, 61) ‖ rope with which the foremost bottom corner of a squaresail is attached to the tacking boom (‘beitiáss’)

II. (cogn.)

Forms: drengr (40); dreng (25); dreingr (17); drengir (11); dreing (11); dreingur (8); drengi (5); dreingir (3); dreingia (3); dreingi (3); drenger (3); dreingium (2); Drengir (2); dręingr (2); drængr (2); drengia (2); drengiom (2); dreingrinn (2); drængs (1); drengenn (1); dreyngur (1); drenginn (1); dreinger (1); dreingen (1); Dreingir (1); dreingrin (1); Drenghar (1); dréng (1); dreíngr (1); dræingr (1); ðreng (1); dreinngur (1); drienngur (1); drengs (1); Dræng (1); dréngr (1); drengjum (1);

Compounds: á·gǽtis- (1), álu- (3), ás- (1), far- (11), fé- (2), flóka- (2), herða- (1), hirð- (2), kaup- (4), konungs- (1), leigu- (1), ó- (4), prýði- (1), slǿki- (4), slǿkingar- (1), smá- (2), stýris- (1), um·hleypings- (1), van- (1), þjóð- (1), þjónustu- (1)

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; ClVAdd; Fr; Hertzb; Bin item -drengr; Rím; LP ¹˜²drengr; AH; AJ; deVr ¹˜²drengr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; Bl

Literature: Bøe 1960 [KLNM 5] 136-137; Düwel 1987 327; Falk 1912 61; Finnur Jónsson 1912 [ANOH 1912] 48; Goeres 2014 [JEGP 113] 293; Goetting 2006 [SS 78] ; Guðbrandur Jónsson 1932-1934 258; Hovstad 1958 [KLNM 3] 307; Kratz 1982 [MSc 11] 18; Kuhn 1944 [ANF 58] 112-114; Kålund 1883 [STUAGNL 11] xxix; Lidén 1941 97; Lindow 1976 110 f.; Lindquist 1939 27-28; Lindquist 1941 120-121; Seip 1955 41, 46; Syrett 1998-2001 [SB 25] 247-249, 260-261, 268; Sørensen 1993 203-206, 220-221; Ásgeir Bl. Magnússon 1950 [ANF 65] 119

Genre. (expected): family sagas: 37 (19); historical works: 35 (28); religious works: 23 (42); romances: 16 (16); contemporary sagas: 13 (12); legal works: 11 (15); legendary sagas: 10 (7); learned works: 8 (5); charters: 5 (12); þættir: 4 (3);

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