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ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

dirfa vb. [-rfð-]

A.

1) [e-n/e-t] [e-s / til e-s] indgive dristighed/frimodighed/frækhed (til ngt), opildne, drive frem ‖ inspire with the courage/effrontery (to do sth.), incite, urge on
2) [■] have mod (til ngt), turde ‖ dare (to do sth.)

B. dirfa sik

[e-s / til e-s / at e-u] driste sig (til ngt), formaste sig (til ngt), vove ‖ be so bold (as to do sth.), presume (to), dare

við: dirfa sik við

[e-n] måle sig med ‖ match oneself against

D. dirfask

1) [e-t / í e-u] [við e-n / móti e-m/e-u] [af e-u / fyrir e-t / við e-t / með e-t] [eftir e-u] tage mod til sig, blive (mere) dristig/frimodig/fræk (mht. ngt), fremture ‖ summon up one’s courage, become bolder, become more daring/impertinent/forward (in relation to sth.), persist (in sth.)
2) [e-s / e-t / til e-s / á e-t / at e-u] [sakir e-s] have mod (til ngt), turde, indlade sig (på ngt), driste sig (til ngt), formaste sig (til ngt), vove ‖ have the courage (to do sth.), venture, presume, dare

Forms: dirfiz (14); dirfaz (7); dirfa (6); dirfist (5); dirfir (5); dirf (4); dirfðust (3); dirfdizt (3); dirfduzt (3); dirfðusk (2); dirfez (2); dyruist (2); dirviz (2); dirfizt (2); dirvir (2); dirfast (2); dirfazt (2); dirfuast (2); dírfaz (2); dirfuizst (2); dirfðvz (2); dirfdiz (2); dirfduz (2); dirfwmzst (1); dirfþv (1); dirfandi (1); dyrfast (1); dirvizt (1); dirfþi (1); dirfuidast (1); dirfdvz (1); dirfði (1); dirfuist (1); dirfvast (1); dirfz (1); dirfðe (1); dirfðan (1); dirfðu (1); dirva (1); dirfdumst (1); dirfer (1); dirfuazst (1); dirfumz (1); dirfðez (1); dirfðumk (1); dyrfazt (1); dirfua (1); dirfandizt (1); dirfðuz (1); dirfðiz (1); dirfisc (1); dirfuizt (1); dirfþic (1); dyrfs (1); dirfðoz (1); dirfandiz (1); dirfde (1);

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Suppl2 dirfandist; Fr; Hertzb -st; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; BL

Literature: Björn K. Þórólfsson 1929 242; Hægstad 1915 95; Lindroth 1909 [ANF 25] 99

Genre. (expected): religious works: 30 (30); romances: 24 (11); historical works: 19 (19); legal works: 19 (11); charters: 12 (9); family sagas: 4 (13); unclassified: 2 (0); contemporary sagas: 1 (8); legendary sagas: 1 (5);