Københavns Universitet

ONP: Dictionary of Old Norse Prose

Word

brot, brut (cf. Seip 1955 245) sb. n. [-s; -]

1) nedbrydning, opbrækning ‖ breaking apart (by violent means)
2) brud, det at knække, det at gå i stykker, sammenstyrtning ‖ breaking point, breaking, collapse
3) (spec.) skibbrud ‖ (spec.) shipwreck
 ● sigla til brots [e-u] sejle (skib) (på grund) så skibet forliser ‖ have (one’s) boat destroyed (by running it aground)
4) [af e-u] brudstykke, stykke, stump, skår ‖ piece, fragment
 ● deila brotum [e-t] (dele i stykker el. brøkdele ɔ:) ?have divergerende mening om, have delte meninger om (cf. Fr deila vb. def. 6), ?gøre lidet ud af ‖ (divide into pieces ɔ:) ?have differing opinions about, ?make little of, underrate
5) (træ brugt som) løftestang, vægtstang ‖ (timber used as a) lever
6) [á e-u] siderum/kvist dannet ved brud på vægflade/tagflade ‖ niche/attic room formed by extending a wall/roof outwards
7) grundt sted i vandløb (hvor strømmen brydes) ‖ shallows in water (where a current is disturbed/broken)
8) fold (på klæde) ‖ fold (in cloth)
9) læg el. lidse el. bort (på tøj) ‖ pleat/tuck or braid or border (on clothing)
10)
 ● falla í brot falde om i krampe, få et epileptisk anfald (cf. brotfall sb. n.) ‖ have an epileptic fit
11) lovbrud, overtrædelse, brøde, synd ‖ breach of the law, offence, transgression, sin

Forms: brot (16); brotum (8); brotz (6); brotunum (5); brote (4); brott (3); broti (3); brotin (3); brotit (2); brut (2); brottz (2); brots (2); broth (2); brotid (1); broten (1); brothed (1); brotz (1); brotí (1); brotvm (1);

Gloss.: EJ; ClV; Fr; Hertzb; Suppl4; Bin -brot; Rím; LP ²brot; AH; AJ; deVr; Fr4; NO; ÁBlM; BL

Literature: Bjorvand 1994 38; Christiansen 1938 [MM 1938] 22; Falk 1919 91; Grønvik 1989 [MM 1989] 24f.; Grøtvedt 1939 25; Halldór Halldórsson 1954 30-31; Holtsmark 1961 [KLNM 6] 413; Hovda 1944 [MM 1944] 24; Indrebø 1921 [MM 1921] 128; Jakobsen 1964 106; Kopperstad 1935 [MM 1935] 120; Møller-Christensen 1965 [KLNM 10] 549-550; Reichborn-Kjennerud 1947 59; Sverdrup 1911 [ANF 27] 18

Genre. (expected): religious works: 18 (17); legal works: 15 (6); charters: 8 (5); family sagas: 6 (8); historical works: 6 (11); romances: 6 (7); learned works: 2 (2); contemporary sagas: 2 (5); legendary sagas: 1 (3);